Wildebeest

Wildebeest (Lawton’s ñu)
Temporal range: 2.5–0 Ma Early Pleistocene – present
Blue Wildebeest, Ngorongoro.jpg
Blue wildebeest, C. t. albojubatus
Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania
Black wildebeest, or white-tailed gnu, Connochaetes gnou at Krugersdorp Game Reserve, Gauteng, South Africa (30570451563).jpg
Black wildebeest, C. gnou
Krugersdorp Game Reserve, South Africa
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Family:Bovidae
Subfamily:Alcelaphinae
Genus:Connochaetes
Hinrich Lichtenstein, 1812
Species

Connochaetes gnoublack wildebeest
Connochaetes taurinusblue wildebeest

Connochaetes map.png
Range map:
Black wildebeest shown yellow
Blue wildebeest shown blue
Overlapping range shown brown

Wildebeests, also called gnus, are antelopes in the genus Connochaetes. They belong to the family Bovidae, which includes antelopes, cattle, goats, sheep, and other even-toed horned ungulates. Connochaetes includes two species, both native to Africa: the black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu (C. gnou), and the blue wildebeest or brindled gnu (C. taurinus). Fossil records suggest these two species diverged about one million years ago, resulting in a northern and a southern species. The blue wildebeest remained in its original range and changed very little from the ancestral species, while the black wildebeest changed more in order to adapt to its open grassland habitat in the south. The most obvious way of telling the two species apart are the differences in their colouring and in the way their horns are oriented.

In East Africa, the blue wildebeest is the most abundant big-game species; some populations perform an annual migration to new grazing grounds, but the black wildebeest is merely nomadic. Breeding in both takes place over a short period of time at the end of the rainy season and the calves are soon active and are able to move with the herd, a fact necessary for their survival. Nevertheless, some fall prey to large carnivores, especially the spotted hyena. Wildebeest often graze in mixed herds with zebra which gives heightened awareness of potential predators. They are also alert to the warning signals emitted by other animals such as baboons. Wildebeest are a tourist attraction but compete with domesticated livestock for pasture and are sometimes blamed by farmers for transferring diseases and parasites to their cattle. Some illegal hunting goes on but the population trend is fairly stable and some populations are in national parks or on private land. The International Union for Conservation of Nature lists both as least-concern species.

Etymology

The wildebeest (t/ WIL-dih-beest,[1][2][3] l-/ VIL-,[3] plural wildebeest, wildebai, or wildebeests, wildebeesties (juv)), also called the gnu (/ NEW)[4][5][6][4][6] is an antelope of the genus Connochaetes. Wildebeest is Dutch for "wild beast" or "wild cattle" in Afrikaans (bees "cattle"), while Connochaetes derives from the Greek words κόννος, kónnos, "beard", and χαίτη, khaítē, "flowing hair", "mane".[7] Some sources claim the name "gnu" originates from the Khoikhoi name for these animals, t'gnu.[8] Others contend the name and its pronunciation in English go back to the word !nu: used for the black wildebeest by the San people.[9]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Wildebees
العربية: نو (حيوان)
asturianu: Connochaetes
авар: Гну
azərbaycanca: Qnu
башҡортса: Гну
български: Гнута
brezhoneg: Gnou
català: Nyu
Cebuano: Connochaetes
čeština: Pakůň
chiShona: Ngongoni
dansk: Gnuer
Deutsch: Gnus
Ελληνικά: Γκνου
español: Connochaetes
Esperanto: Gnuo
euskara: Ñu
فارسی: کل یالدار
français: Gnou
Gaeilge: Gnú
Gàidhlig: Wildebeest
galego: Ñu
한국어: 누 (동물)
हिन्दी: विल्डबीस्ट
hrvatski: Gnu
Ido: Gnuo
Bahasa Indonesia: Wildebeest
interlingua: Gnu
italiano: Connochaetes
ქართული: გნუ
қазақша: Гнулар
Kiswahili: Nyumbu
Кыргызча: Гну
latviešu: Antilopes gnu
лезги: Гну
lietuvių: Antilopės gnu
magyar: Gnú
Bahasa Melayu: Gnu
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဆတ်ကျွဲ
Nederlands: Gnoes
日本語: ヌー
norsk: Gnuer
norsk nynorsk: Gnu
олык марий: Гну
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵਿਲਡਬੀਸਟ
پنجابی: جنگلی بینسا
polski: Gnu
português: Gnu
Runa Simi: Ñu
русский: Гну
Sesotho sa Leboa: Kgokong
Simple English: Wildebeest
српски / srpski: Гну
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Gnuovi
suomi: Gnuut
svenska: Gnuer
Türkçe: Gnu
удмурт: Гну
українська: Гну
Tiếng Việt: Linh dương đầu bò
Winaray: Connochaetes
中文: 角马