Wikipedia:Portal

Portals serve as enhanced "Main Pages" for specific subjects. Portals are meant primarily for readers, while encouraging them to become editors of Wikipedia by providing links to project space. Portals are created for encyclopedic topics only and not for article maintenance categories.

Where to find portals

To see if a subject you are reading has a portal, check the bottom of the page (in the article's See also section) for a link to a corresponding portal. Such links may look like this:

or this (see the box to the far right):

Or, in the search box, type "Portal:" followed by the subject, like this: Portal:Chess.

Portal:Contents/Portals is the main listing of portals, arranged by subject. Though it takes awhile for the latest portals to be added to it.

Category:All portals is a comprehensive listing, including all old and new portals, and even portals under construction.

Portals are also largely inter-accessible with users able to navigate from one portal to another. Universal features, such as the browsebar (which links to top-level portals), and the portals template (which links to Portal:Contents/Portals), allow for convenient browsing. Moreover, portals are also categorised according to hierarchy. Portals, in most instances, also link to their Related portals (those lateral to them) and their Subportals (those that descend from them).

Portals for top-level subjects are also linked from the Main Page.

You can also use the Special:Search box below to locate Portals and sub-pages.

The nature of portals

What is a portal?

Portals are pages intended to serve as "Main Pages" for specific topics or areas. They are analogous to Wikipedia's Main Page, the subject of which is knowledge (the broadest subject of all). Portals narrow down the scope a bit to a more specific subject, and they vary in format and approach. Like the Main Page, which itself is not an article per se, portals are supplemental to the encyclopedia, and provide various alternate approaches to exploring a subject. Innovation is desired and encouraged.

Each portal is named for the subject it covers. We have a portal called "Geography", for example. To set them apart from articles, portals have their own namespace, and so the title of each portal is always preceded by "Portal:". So, the one on geography is called Portal:Geography.

It may help to look at a couple definitions for the word "portal" from Wiktionary:

  1. An entrance, entry point, or means of entry. For example: The local library, a portal of knowledge.
  2. A website or page that acts as an entrance to other websites or pages on the Internet.

While these definitions may also fit Wikipedia's regular articles (like Geography, for example), such articles are constrained primarily to presenting a description of their respective subjects. The essence of regular articles is that they are prose overviews. That makes them less than ideal for navigating their entire subject.

When a subject goes beyond the capacity of a single page, that page is called the subject's root article (its title is the name of the broader subject). But, Wikipedia's coverage of subjects goes way beyond what is on a root article's page. For example, there are over 40,000 articles on mathematics. While the article mathematics summarizes the general subject in descriptive terms, it becomes obvious that there can be other approaches to navigating Wikipedia's overall coverage of this and other subjects.

That's where Wikipedia's various navigation systems come in, including portals. Portal:Mathematics, for instance, provides a selection of reading samples and links to delve into Wikipedia's coverage of mathematics further. A good synonym for a portal is "doorway to knowledge".

Purposes of portals

Each portal on Wikipedia acts as an alternative entrance to a subject. Portals supplement the encyclopedia. They support their subjects in various ways, including but not limited to:

  1. Providing a variety of sample content of subtopics ("topic tasters"), from within each portal's subject, that the reader may find interesting. Kind of like a magazine. Like what Wikipedia's Main Page does in general.
  2. Aiding navigation - portals are one of Wikipedia's navigation subsystems, designed to help users find their way around the vast amount of knowledge on Wikipedia to material within a particular subject. So, in addition to sample content, a portal may also present in various ways, links, and lists of links.
  3. Providing bridges between reading and editing, and between the encyclopedia proper and the Wikipedia community, via links to pages in project space (and the other namespaces) that are relevant to the portal's subject. A portal may be associated with one or more WikiProjects; unlike a WikiProject, however, it is meant for both readers and editors of Wikipedia, and should promote content and encourage contribution. Note that portals are created for encyclopedic topics only and not for article maintenance categories.

Features of portals

Most portals have some combination of the following features...

Selected content

In the news

Did you know

Need help?

Get involved

Topics

Recognized content

Associated WikiMedia

Other

A portal developer (you) may be creative and provide features not covered above. Innovation is desired and encouraged.

Portal development and maintenance

How to get involved

Just as with Wikipedia at large, portals can be edited by anyone. However, it is important to pay due regard to the established work of others. Editors are always welcome to maintain individual portals; if you would like to participate in the upkeep of a particular portal, note your intention on its talk page, list yourself as a maintainer at Wikipedia:WikiProject Portals#Specific portal maintainers, then get to work – thank you!

A WikiProject on Portals has been founded to coordinate portal activity. Current priorites include developing standards for all portals, further improvement to portal design, and the ongoing maintenance of portals. Other tasks include the integration of portals into the encyclopedia, and their categorization.

Immediate attention is needed on portals listed in Category:Portals under construction and Category:Portals needing attention.

How to add portal links to articles

Within articles, this template is meant to be placed at the bottom of the article in the See also section. If there is no See also section, you can put it in the External links section instead; there is no need to create a new section just to house this template. If there is no External links section either, just put it below the article text in the place that seems most appropriate. There are no particular rules about the placement of portals on other kinds of page.

Entering the link at the top of the section will allow it to sit on the top right. Add a portal link by typing to the left by preceding it with a ":"

How to make a good portal

Most portals present the following:

  • A selected article and/or picture;
  • Links into the main category for the topic and possibly subcategories (some portals actually appear in the description page for the main category);
  • General information about the subject, or links thereto;
  • Links to other related portals (using templates);
  • (mainly for editors), Links to related WikiProjects;
  • {{Sister project links}} can be used to add Wikimedia sister-project links to a portal;
  • Links to specific showcase articles within the scope of the portal topic;

You may want to embark on an effort to fill the related categories with appropriate articles if this has not been done already (or add it to the portal's "to do" list so visitors can help out).

How to create a portal

Before creating a portal, check to see if the subject is already covered at Portal:Contents/Portals (look for synonyms), and be sure to read Wikipedia:Portal/Instructions.

There is no single standard design for portals, but the most widely used layout is the "box portal". The use of this design is recommended due to the ease with which it can be created and maintained. For further ideas on portal design, browse existing portals. For step-by-step instructions on how to set up a new portal, refer to the instructions page. Unlike WikiProjects, portals should not be created for article maintenance category, but only for encyclopedic topics.

How to categorize a portal

  • For a simple portal, simply add a specific subcategory of Category:Portals to the bottom of the portal page.
  • For a complex, multi-page portal, a portal category is needed.
  • Portal categories are generally named [[Category:TOPIC portal]] where the portal itself is named [[Portal:TOPIC]].
  • Portal categories are categorized under Category:Portals subcategories just like portals.
  • Portals with their own categories are only categorized in that category, which in turn is put into the other categories that the portal would have been in.

Portals and the core content policies

Portals are subject to the Wikipedia's five pillars and must comply with Wikipedia's core content policies (neutral point of view, no original research, verifiability, etc.).

References

It is common practice not to include references in portals. As on the Main Page, readers should be able to verify the portal content by following a prominent link to a relevant article, and checking the references there. This is called "follow through".

Content that is unique to a portal may be challenged in the portal, and must then be referenced in the portal, in the usual way, by inline citation using any of the accepted methods.

Content that is transcluded from another article does not need to be referenced in the portal as it should already be referenced in the original article. Any challenges to transcluded content must be done in the original article and not in the portal.

See also

Other Languages
aragonés: Wikipedia:Portal
azərbaycanca: Vikipediya:Portallar
Bân-lâm-gú: Wikipedia:Portal
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вікіпэдыя:Парталы
Bahasa Indonesia: Wikipedia:Portal
interlingua: Wikipedia:Portal
Bahasa Melayu: Wikipedia:Portal
Nederlands: Wikipedia:Portalen
Plattdüütsch: Wikipedia:Portalsieden
português: Wikipédia:Portal
Soomaaliga: Wikipedia:Portal
српски / srpski: Википедија:Портал
Basa Sunda: Wikipedia:Portal
татарча/tatarça: Википедия:Портал
Türkçe: Vikipedi:Portal
Türkmençe: Wikipediýa:Portal
українська: Вікіпедія:Портали
Tiếng Việt: Wikipedia:Chủ đề