Hdr parliament.jpg
The Palace of Westminster
Western façade of Westminster Abbey
Westminster is located in Greater London
Westminster shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ295795
•  Charing Cross 0.58 mi (0.9 km)  NEbE
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SW1
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
51°29′58″N 0°08′00″W / 51°29′58″N 0°08′00″W / 51.4995; -0.1333

Westminster ( t-/) is an area of central London within the City of Westminster, part of the West End, on the north bank of the River Thames. [1] Westminster's concentration of visitor attractions and historic landmarks, one of the highest in London, includes the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral.

Historically the area lay within St Margaret's parish, City & Liberty of Westminster, Middlesex.

The name Westminster originated from the informal description of the abbey church and royal peculiar of St Peter's ( Westminster Abbey), literally West of the City of London, indeed until the Reformation there was a reference to the 'East Minster' at Minories ( Holy Trinity Priory, Aldgate) east of the City; the abbey was part of the royal palace that had been created here by Edward the Confessor. It has been the home of the permanent institutions of England's government continuously since about 1200 ( High Middle Ages' Plantagenet times), from 1707 the British Government - formally titled Her Majesty's Government.

In a government context, Westminster often refers to the Parliament of the United Kingdom, located in the UNESCO World Heritage Palace of Westminster - also known as the Houses of Parliament. The closest tube stations are Westminster, St James's Park on the Jubilee, Circle, and District lines.

The area is the centre of Her Majesty's Government, with Parliament in the Palace of Westminster and most of the major Government ministries known as Whitehall, itself the site of the royal palace that replaced that at Westminster.

Within the area is Westminster School, a major public school which grew out of the Abbey, and the University of Westminster, attended by over 20,000 students. Bounding Westminster to the north is Green Park, a Royal Park of London.


The area has a substantial residential population. A proportion of residents are people of limited means, living in council and Peabody Trust estates in certain streets between Westminster Abbey and Millbank. Hotels, large Victorian homes and barracks exist nearer to Buckingham Palace.

Other Languages
Ænglisc: Westmynster
العربية: وستمنستر
беларуская: Вэстмінстэр
български: Уестминстър
čeština: Westminster
Cymraeg: Westminster
español: Westminster
Esperanto: Westminster
euskara: Westminster
français: Westminster
Gaeilge: Westminster
Հայերեն: Վեսթմինսթեր
íslenska: Westminster
italiano: Westminster
עברית: וסטמינסטר
kernowek: Westminster
Кыргызча: Вестминстер
македонски: Вестминстер
Malagasy: Westminster
მარგალური: ვესტმინსტერი
Nederlands: Westminster (wijk)
norsk nynorsk: Westminster
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵੈਸਟਮਿੰਸਟਰ
polski: Westminster
português: Westminster
русский: Вестминстер
Simple English: Westminster
српски / srpski: Вестминстер
Taqbaylit: Westminster
Türkçe: Westminster
українська: Вестмінстер
Tiếng Việt: Westminster
Yorùbá: Westminster