Washington (state)

State of Washington
Green flag with the circular Seal of Washington centered on it.A circular seal with the words "The Seal of the State of Washington, 1889" centered around it from top to bottom. In the center, a man with gray hair poses.
"The Evergreen State" (unofficial)[1]
Motto(s): Al-ki or Alki, "bye and bye" in Chinook Jargon
State song(s): "Washington, My Home"
Washington is located on the West Coast along the line that divides the United States from neighboring Canada. It runs entirely from west to east. It includes a small peninsula across a bay which is discontinuous with the rest of the state, along with a geographical oddity under British Columbia, Canada.
Official languageNone (de jure)
English (de facto)
Largest citySeattle
Largest metroGreater Seattle
AreaRanked 18th
 • Total71,362 sq mi
(184,827 km2)
 • Width360 miles (580 km)
 • Length240 miles (400 km)
 • % water6.6
 • Latitude45°  33′ N to 49° N
 • Longitude116°  55′ W to 124°  46′ W
PopulationRanked 13th
 • Total7,405,743 (2017 est.)[2]
 • Density103/sq mi  (39.6/km2)
Ranked 25th
 • Median household income$67,243 (2015)[3] (9th[3])
 • Highest pointMount Rainier
14,411 ft (4,392 m)
 • Mean1,700 ft  (520 m)
 • Lowest pointPacific Ocean
Sea level
Before statehoodWashington Territory
Admission to UnionNovember 11, 1889 (42nd)
GovernorJay Inslee (D)
Lieutenant GovernorCyrus Habib (D)
LegislatureWashington State Legislature
 • Upper houseState Senate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsPatty Murray (D)
Maria Cantwell (D)
U.S. House delegation7 Democrats
3 Republicans (list)
Time zonePacific: UTC −8/−7
AbbreviationsWA, access.wa.gov
Washington state symbols
Flag of Washington.svg
Seal of Washington.svg
Living insignia
AmphibianPacific chorus frog
BirdAmerican goldfinch
FishSteelhead trout
GrassBluebunch wheatgrass
InsectGreen Darner
MammalOlympic marmot/Orca
TreeWestern Hemlock
Inanimate insignia
DanceSquare dance
GemstonePetrified wood
ShipLady Washington
TartanWashington state tartan
OtherVegetable: Sweet onion
State route marker
Washington state route marker
State quarter
Washington quarter dollar coin
Released in 2007
Lists of United States state symbols

Washington (n/ (About this soundlisten)), officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Named for George Washington, the first president of the United States, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory, which was ceded by Britain in 1846 in accordance with the Oregon Treaty in the settlement of the Oregon boundary dispute. It was admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889. Olympia is the state capital; the state's largest city is Seattle. Washington is sometimes referred to as Washington State, to distinguish it from Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, which is often shortened to Washington or just D.C.

Washington is the 18th largest state, with an area of 71,362 square miles (184,827 km2), and the 13th most populous state, with more than 7.4 million people. Approximately 60 percent of Washington's residents live in the Seattle metropolitan area, the center of transportation, business, and industry along Puget Sound, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean consisting of numerous islands, deep fjords, and bays carved out by glaciers. The remainder of the state consists of: deep temperate rainforests in the west; mountain ranges in the west, central, northeast, and far southeast; and a semi-arid basin region in the east, central, and south, given over to intensive agriculture. Washington is the second most populous state on the West Coast and in the Western United States, after California. Mount Rainier, an active stratovolcano, is the state's highest elevation, at almost 14,411 feet (4,392 meters), and is the most topographically prominent mountain in the contiguous United States.

Washington is a leading lumber producer. Its rugged surface is rich in stands of Douglas fir, hemlock, ponderosa pine, white pine, spruce, larch, and cedar. The state is the biggest producer of apples, hops, pears, red raspberries, spearmint oil, and sweet cherries, and ranks high in the production of apricots, asparagus, dry edible peas, grapes, lentils, peppermint oil, and potatoes. Livestock and livestock products make important contributions to total farm revenue, and the commercial fishing of salmon, halibut, and bottomfish makes a significant contribution to the state's economy. Washington ranks second only to California in the production of wine.

Manufacturing industries in Washington include aircraft and missiles, ship-building, and other transportation equipment, lumber, food processing, metals and metal products, chemicals, and machinery. Washington has over 1,000 dams, including the Grand Coulee Dam, built for a variety of purposes, including irrigation, power, flood control, and water storage.

Washington is one of the wealthiest and most liberally progressive states in the country. The state consistently ranks among the best for life expectancy and low unemployment.[4] Along with Colorado, Washington was one of the first to legalize medicinal and recreational cannabis, was among the first thirty-six states to legalize same-sex marriage, doing so in 2012, and was one of only four U.S. states to have been providing legal abortions on request before the 1973 Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade loosened federal abortion laws. Similarly, Washington voters approved a 2008 referendum on legalization of physician-assisted suicide, and is currently only one of five states, along with Oregon, California, Colorado and Vermont, as well as the District of Columbia to have legalized the practice. The state is also one of eight in the country to have criminalized the sale, possession and transfer of bump stocks, with California, Florida, New Jersey, New York, Vermont, Maryland, and Massachusetts also having banned these devices.


Washington was named after President George Washington by an act of the United States Congress during the creation of Washington Territory in 1853. The territory was to be named "Columbia", for the Columbia River and the Columbia District, but Kentucky representative Richard H. Stanton found the name too similar to the District of Columbia (the national capital, itself containing the city of Washington), and proposed naming the new territory after President Washington.[5][6][7] Washington is the only U.S. state named after a president.[8]

Confusion over the state of Washington and the city of Washington, D. C., led to renaming proposals during the statehood process for Washington in 1889, including David Dudley Field II's suggestion to name the new state "Tacoma". These proposals failed to garner support.[9] Washington, D. C.'s, own statehood movement in the 21st century includes a proposal to use the name "State of Washington, Douglass Commonwealth", which would conflict with the current state of Washington.[10] Residents of Washington (known as "Washingtonians") and the Pacific Northwest simply refer to the state as "Washington,"[citation needed] and the nation's capital "Washington, D. C.," "the other Washington,"[11] or simply "D. C.".[citation needed]

Other Languages
Ænglisc: Hwæsingatūn
Avañe'ẽ: Washington
Aymar aru: Washington suyu
azərbaycanca: Vaşinqton ştatı
Bân-lâm-gú: Washington
башҡортса: Вашингтон (штат)
беларуская: Вашынгтон (штат)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вашынгтон (штат)
Bikol Central: Washington
български: Вашингтон (щат)
bosanski: Washington
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Washington
davvisámegiella: Washington (oassestáhta)
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Washington (stat)
Esperanto: Vaŝingtonio
føroyskt: Washington
Gaeilge: Washington
Gaelg: Washington
Gagauz: Washington
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Washington
한국어: 워싱턴주
Hawaiʻi: Wakinekona
hornjoserbsce: Washington (stat)
Bahasa Hulontalo: Washington
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ৱাশিংটন (রাজ্য)
Bahasa Indonesia: Washington
interlingua: Washington (stato)
Iñupiak: Washington
Kabɩyɛ: Waasintɔnii
Kapampangan: Washington
kernowek: Stat Washington
Kiswahili: Washington
Kreyòl ayisyen: Wachintòn (eta)
кырык мары: Вашингтон (штат)
لۊری شومالی: ڤاشینگتون
Lëtzebuergesch: Washington (Bundesstaat)
Lingua Franca Nova: Washington
Malagasy: Washington
Māori: Washington
مازِرونی: واشنگتن
Bahasa Melayu: Washington (negeri)
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Washington
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဝါရှင်တန်ပြည်နယ်
Nederlands: Washington (staat)
Nedersaksies: Washington (stoat)
नेपाल भाषा: वाशिंग्तन (राज्य)
Nordfriisk: Washington (stoot)
norsk: Washington
norsk nynorsk: Washington
олык марий: Вашингтон (штат)
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Vashington shtati
پنجابی: واشنگٹن
Papiamentu: Washington
Plattdüütsch: Washington (Bundsstaat)
português: Washington
Runa Simi: Washington suyu
саха тыла: Уашиҥтон, штат
संस्कृतम्: वाशिङ्टन्
Seeltersk: Washington
shqip: Washington
Simple English: Washington (state)
Soomaaliga: Washington (gobol)
српски / srpski: Вашингтон (држава)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Washington (savezna država)
Tagalog: Washington
татарча/tatarça: Вашингтон (штат)
українська: Вашингтон (штат)
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Washin'giton Shitati
Tiếng Việt: Washington (tiểu bang)
文言: 華盛頓州
吴语: 华盛顿州
ייִדיש: וואשינגטאן
粵語: 華盛頓州
中文: 华盛顿州