Walter Lippmann

Walter Lippmann
Lippmann in 1914
Lippmann in 1914
Born(1889-09-23)September 23, 1889
New York City, New York, U.S.
DiedDecember 14, 1974(1974-12-14) (aged 85)
New York City
OccupationWriter, journalist, political commentator
EducationTimothy Dwight School
Alma materHarvard University A.B. (1910)
Notable worksFounding editor, New Republic, Public Opinion
Notable awardsPulitzer Prize, 1958, 1962Presidential Medal of Freedom
SpouseFaye Albertson (divorced); Helen Byrne[1]
RelativesJacob and Daisy Baum Lippmann

Walter Lippmann (September 23, 1889 – December 14, 1974)[2] was an American writer, reporter, and political commentator famous for being among the first to introduce the concept of Cold War, coining the term "stereotype" in the modern psychological meaning, and critiquing media and democracy in his newspaper column and several books, most notably his 1922 book Public Opinion.[3] Lippmann was also a notable author for the Council on Foreign Relations, until he had an affair with the editor Hamilton Fish Armstrong's wife, which led to a falling out between the two men. Lippmann also played a notable role in Woodrow Wilson's post-World War I board of inquiry, as its research director. His views regarding the role of journalism in a democracy were contrasted with the contemporaneous writings of John Dewey in what has been retrospectively named the Lippmann-Dewey debate. Lippmann won two Pulitzer Prizes, one for his syndicated newspaper column "Today and Tomorrow" and one for his 1961 interview of Nikita Khrushchev.[4][5]

He has also been highly praised with titles ranging anywhere from "most influential" journalist[6][7][8] of the 20th century, to "Father of Modern Journalism".[9][10]

Michael Schudson writes[11] that James W. Carey considered Walter Lippmann's book Public Opinion as "the founding book of modern journalism" and also "the founding book in American media studies".[12]

Early life

Walter Lippmann was born in New York City, 1889, to Jacob and Daisy Baum Lippmann; his upper-middle class German-Jewish family took annual holidays in Europe.

At 17, following his graduation from New York's Dwight School, he entered Harvard University where he studied under George Santayana, William James, and Graham Wallas, concentrating upon philosophy and languages (he spoke German and French), and he earned his degree in three years, graduating as a member of the Phi Beta Kappa society.[13]

At some time, Lippmann became a member, alongside Sinclair Lewis, of the New York Socialist Party.[14] In 1911, Lippmann served as secretary to George R. Lunn, the first Socialist mayor of Schenectady, New York, during Lunn's first term. Lippmann resigned his post after four months, finding Lunn's programs to be worthwhile in and of themselves, but inadequate as Socialism.[15]

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العربية: والتر ليبمان
تۆرکجه: والتر لیپمن
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italiano: Walter Lippmann
latviešu: Volters Lipmans
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македонски: Волтер Липман
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српски / srpski: Волтер Липман