Volcanic cone

Mayon Volcano in the Philippines has a symmetrical volcanic cone.

Volcanic cones are among the simplest volcanic landforms. They are built by ejecta from a volcanic vent, piling up around the vent in the shape of a cone with a central crater. Volcanic cones are of different types, depending upon the nature and size of the fragments ejected during the eruption. Types of volcanic cones include stratocones, spatter cones, tuff cones, and cinder cones.[1][2]


Osorno volcano in Chile is an example of a well-developed stratocone.

Stratocones are large cone-shaped volcanoes made up of lava flows, explosively erupted pyroclastic rocks, and igneous intrusives that are typically centered around a cylindrical vent. Unlike shield volcanoes, they are characterized by a steep profile and periodic, often alternating, explosive eruptions and effusive eruptions. Some have collapsed craters called calderas. The central core of a stratocone is commonly dominated by a central core of intrusive rocks that range from around 500 meters (1,600 ft) to over several kilometers in diameter. This central core is surrounded by multiple generations of lava flows, many of which are brecciated, and a wide range of pyroclastic rocks and reworked volcanic debris. The typical stratocone is an andesitic to dacitic volcano that is associated with subduction zones. They are also known as either stratified volcano, composite cone, bedded volcano, cone of mixed type or Vesuvian-type volcano.[1][2]

Other Languages
العربية: مخروط بركاني
català: Con volcànic
español: Cono volcánico
Esperanto: Vulkana konuso
français: Cône volcanique
Bahasa Indonesia: Kerucut piroklastik
íslenska: Eldvarp
עברית: חרוט געשי
македонски: Вулканска купа
norsk nynorsk: Vulkankjegle
português: Cone vulcânico
română: Con vulcanic
српски / srpski: Вулканска купа