Polish voivodeships since 1999
Map of Serbian Vojvodina

A voivodeship p/ is the area administered by a voivode (Governor) in several countries of central and eastern Europe. Voivodeships have existed since medieval times in Bulgaria, Poland, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine, Russia and Serbia. The area of extent of voivodeship resembles that of a duchy in western medieval states, much as the title of voivode was equivalent to that of a duke. Other roughly equivalent titles and areas in medieval Eastern Europe included ban (bojan, vojin or bayan) and banate.

In a modern context, the word normally refers to one of the provinces (województwa) of Poland. Poland as of 2017 has 16 voivodeships.


A voi(e)vod(e) (literally, "leader of warriors" or "war leader", equivalent to the Latin "Dux Exercituum" and the German "Herzog") was originally a military commander who stood, in a state's structure, next to the ruler. Later the word came to denote an administrative official.

Words for "voivodeship" in various languages include the Polish: województwo; the Romanian: voievodat; the Bulgarian: voivoda (войвода); the Serbian: vojvodina (војводина), vojvodstvo (војводство) or vojvodovina (војводовина); the Hungarian: vajdaság; the Belarusian: ваяводства (vajаvodstva); the Lithuanian: vaivadija. Some of these words, or variants of them, may also be used in English.

Named for the word for "voivodeship" is the autonomous Serbian province of Vojvodina.

Though the word "voivodeship" (other spellings are "voievodship" and "voivodship") appears in English dictionaries such as the OED and Webster's, it is not in common general usage, and voivodeships in Poland and elsewhere are frequently referred to as "provinces".[1] Depending on context, historic voivodeships may also be referred to as "duchies", "palatinates" (the Latin word "palatinatus" was used for a voivodeship in Poland), "administrative districts" or "regions".

Other Languages
asturianu: Voivodatu
беларуская: Ваяводства
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ваяводзтва
bosanski: Vojvodstvo
català: Voivodat
Чӑвашла: Вăйпутлăх
dansk: Voivodskab
dolnoserbski: Wójwodstwo
Ελληνικά: Βοεβοδάτο
español: Voivodato
euskara: Voivoderri
furlan: Voivodât
galego: Voivodato
hornjoserbsce: Wójwodstwo
hrvatski: Vojvodstvo
Bahasa Indonesia: Voivodat
interlingua: Voivodato
italiano: Voivodato
Latina: Palatinatus
magyar: Vajdaságok
Malti: Vojvodja
Nederlands: Woiwodschap
norsk: Voivodskap
norsk nynorsk: Voivodskap
occitan: Voivodat
português: Voivodia
română: Voievodat
русский: Воеводство
Simple English: Voivodeship
slovenščina: Vojvodina
српски / srpski: Војводство
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Vojvodstvo
svenska: Vojvodskap
Tagalog: Boybodato
татарча/tatarça: Воеводство
українська: Воєводство