Visual arts

The visual arts are art forms such as painting, drawing, printmaking, sculpture, ceramics, photography, video, filmmaking, design, crafts, and architecture. Many artistic disciplines such as performing arts, conceptual art, textile arts also involve aspects of visual arts as well as arts of other types. Also included within the visual arts[1] are the applied arts[2] such as industrial design, graphic design, fashion design, interior design and decorative art.[3]

Current usage of the term "visual arts" includes fine art as well as the applied or decorative arts and crafts, but this was not always the case. Before the Arts and Crafts Movement in Britain and elsewhere at the turn of the 20th century, the term 'artist' had for some centuries often been restricted to a person working in the fine arts (such as painting, sculpture, or printmaking) and not the decorative arts, craft, or applied art media. The distinction was emphasized by artists of the Arts and Crafts Movement, who valued vernacular art forms as much as high forms.[4] Art schools made a distinction between the fine arts and the crafts, maintaining that a craftsperson could not be considered a practitioner of the arts.

The increasing tendency to privilege painting, and to a lesser degree sculpture, above other arts has been a feature of Western art as well as East Asian art. In both regions painting has been seen as relying to the highest degree on the imagination of the artist, and the furthest removed from manual labour – in Chinese painting the most highly valued styles were those of "scholar-painting", at least in theory practiced by gentleman amateurs. The Western hierarchy of genres reflected similar attitudes.

Education and training

Training in the visual arts has generally been through variations of the apprentice and workshop systems. In Europe the Renaissance movement to increase the prestige of the artist led to the academy system for training artists, and today most of the people who are pursuing a career in arts train in art schools at tertiary levels. Visual arts have now become an elective subject in most education systems.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Beeldende kunste
Alemannisch: Bildende Kunst
العربية: فنون مرئية
asturianu: Artes visuales
বাংলা: দৃশ্যকলা
Bân-lâm-gú: Sī-kak gē-su̍t
Basa Banyumasan: Seni rupa
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Выяўленчае мастацтва
भोजपुरी: विजुअल आर्ट
Boarisch: Buidnde Kunst
brezhoneg: Arzoù ar gweled
català: Arts visuals
Чӑвашла: Сӳретле ӳнер
español: Artes visuales
Esperanto: Vidaj artoj
euskara: Arte bisual
français: Arts visuels
贛語: 視覺藝術
한국어: 시각 예술
հայերեն: Կերպարվեստ
हिन्दी: दृश्य कला
Bahasa Indonesia: Seni rupa
íslenska: Myndlist
italiano: Arti visive
Jawa: Seni rupa
Kreyòl ayisyen: La vizyèl
kurdî: Nîgar
Latina: Ars oculorum
lietuvių: Dailė
Limburgs: Beeldende kuns
македонски: Ликовна уметност
Bahasa Melayu: Seni tampak
Mirandés: Artes bisuales
Nederlands: Beeldende kunst
Nedersaksies: Beeldende keunst
日本語: 視覚芸術
norsk nynorsk: Biletkunst
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tasviriy sanʼat
Patois: Vijual aat
português: Artes visuais
română: Arte vizuale
Runa Simi: Rikch'a kapchiy
русиньскый: Вытварництво
Seeltersk: Bieldende Kunst
sicilianu: Arti visuali
Simple English: Visual arts
slovenčina: Výtvarné umenie
slovenščina: Likovna umetnost
српски / srpski: Ликовна уметност
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Likovna umjetnost
Basa Sunda: Seni rupa
suomi: Kuvataide
svenska: Bildkonst
Tagalog: Sining-biswal
粵語: 視覺藝術
žemaitėška: Vaizdounamuojė dailė
中文: 視覺藝術