Vishva Hindu Parishad

Vishva Hindu Parishad
विश्व हिन्दू परिषद
VHP Logo
Logo of the V.H.P
AbbreviationVHP
MottoDharmo Rakshati Rakshitah
धर्मो रक्षति रक्षितः
Formation29 August 1964 (54 years ago) (1964-08-29)[1]
FounderM. S. Golwalkar
S. S. Apte
Swami Chinmayananda
TypeRight-wing organisation
PurposeHindu nationalism and Hindutva
HeadquartersNew Delhi, India
Coordinates28°20′N 77°06′E / 28°20′N 77°06′E / 28.33; 77.10

The Vishva Hindu Parishad (IAST: Viśva Hindū Pariṣada, pronunciation: /vɪʃv(ə) hɪnd̪uː pərɪʃəd̪/, translation: World Hindu Council), abbreviated VHP, is an Indian right-wing Hindu nationalist organisation based on the ideology of Hindutva.

The VHP was founded in 1964 by M. S. Golwalkar and S. S. Apte in collaboration with Swami Chinmayananda. Its stated objective is "to organise, consolidate the Hindu society and to serve, protect the Hindu Dharma."[1]

The VHP is a member of the Sangh Parivar group,[3][4] an umbrella of Hindu nationalist organisations led by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). It has been involved in construction and renovation of Hindu temples, issues of cow slaughter, religious conversion, the Ayodhya dispute and its role in the Babri Masjid demolition.[5][6]

History

The VHP was founded in 1964 by RSS leaders M. S. Golwalkar and S. S. Apte in collaboration with the Hindu spiritual leader Chinmayananda.[7][8] The delegation of the founders included Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan founder K. M. Munshi, Gujarati scholar Keshavram Kashiram Shastri, Sikh leader Master Tara Singh, Namdhari Sikh leader Satguru Jagjit Singh and eminent politicians such as C. P. Ramaswamy Iyer.[9][10] Chinmayananda was nominated as its founding President, while Apte was nominated as its founding General Secretary. It was decided at the meeting that the name of the proposed organisation would be "Vishva Hindu Parishad" and that a world convention of Hindus was to be held at Prayag (Allahabad) during Kumbha Mela of 1966 for its launch. It was further decided that it would be a non-political organisation and that no office bearer of any political party shall be simultaneously an office bearer in the Parishad.[10]

In mid 1990s, VHP had 1.6 million members worldwide.[11] According to a 2008 estimate, VHP claimed 6.8 million members.[2]

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