Vishnu

Vishnu
Supreme Being, God of Protection, Preservation of Good, Dharma restoration, Moksha[1][2]
Bhagavan Vishnu.jpg
Vishnu
AffiliationParabrahman (Vaishnavism), Trimurti, Deva, Tridev
AbodeVaikuntha, Kshir Sagar
Mantra

ॐ नमो नारायणाया (Om Namo Narayanaya)

ॐ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय (Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya)
Weapondiscus (Sudarshana Chakra) and mace (Kaumodaki gada)[3]
SymbolsShaligram, Lotus, Shesha
MountGaruda[3]
FestivalsHoli, Ram Navami, Krishna Janmashtami, Narasimha Jayanti, Diwali, Onam, Tulsi Vivah[4]
Personal information
ConsortsLakshmi
Siblingsparvati

Vishnu (/; Sanskrit pronunciation: [vɪʂɳu]; Sanskrit: विष्णु, IAST: Viṣṇu) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism, and the Supreme Being in its Vaishnavism tradition.[5][6] Vishnu is the "preserver" in the Hindu trinity (Trimurti) that includes Brahma and Shiva.[7] He is the past form of Krishna.

In Vaishnavism, Vishnu is identical to the formless metaphysical concept called Brahman, the supreme, the Svayam Bhagavan, who takes various avatars as "the preserver, protector" whenever the world is threatened with evil, chaos, and destructive forces.[8] His avatars most notably include Rama in the Ramayana and Krishna in the Mahabharata. He is also known as Narayana, Jagannath, Vasudeva, Vithoba, and Hari. He is one of the five equivalent deities worshipped in Panchayatana puja of the Smarta Tradition of Hinduism.[6]

In Hindu iconography, Vishnu is usually depicted as having a dark, or pale blue complexion and having four arms. He holds a padma (lotus flower) in his lower left hand, Kaumodaki gada (mace) in his lower right hand, Panchajanya shankha (conch) in his upper left hand and the Sudarshana Chakra (discus) in his upper right hand. A traditional depiction is Vishnu reclining on the coils of the serpent Shesha, accompanied by his consort Lakshmi, as he "dreams the universe into reality".[9]

Etymology

Yaska, the mid 1st-millennium BCE Vedanga scholar, in his Nirukta (etymological interpretation), defines Vishnu as viṣṇur viṣvater vā vyaśnoter vā, "one who enters everywhere". He also writes, atha yad viṣito bhavati tad viṣnurbhavati, "that which is free from fetters and bondages is Vishnu".[10]

The medieval Indian scholar Medhātithi suggested that the word Vishnu has etymological roots in viś, meaning to pervade, thereby connoting that Vishnu is "one who is everything and inside everything".[11]

Vishnu means "all pervasive".[12][13]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Wisjnoe
Alemannisch: Vishnu
العربية: فيشنو
aragonés: Viṣṇu
অসমীয়া: বিষ্ণু
asturianu: Visnú
বাংলা: বিষ্ণু
Bahasa Banjar: Batara Bisnu
Bân-lâm-gú: Vishnu
беларуская: Вішну
भोजपुरी: विष्णु
български: Вишну
བོད་ཡིག: ཁྱབ་​འཇུག
bosanski: Višnu
brezhoneg: Vichnou
català: Vixnu
čeština: Višnu
Cymraeg: Vishnu
dansk: Vishnu
Deutsch: Vishnu
eesti: Višnu
Ελληνικά: Βισνού
español: Vishnu
Esperanto: Viŝnuo
euskara: Vishnu
فارسی: ویشنو
français: Vishnou
galego: Visnú
ગુજરાતી: વિષ્ણુ
한국어: 비슈누
Հայերեն: Վիշնու
हिन्दी: विष्णु
hrvatski: Višnu
Bahasa Indonesia: Wisnu
íslenska: Visnjú
italiano: Viṣṇu
עברית: וישנו
Basa Jawa: Wisnu
ಕನ್ನಡ: ವಿಷ್ಣು
ქართული: ვიშნუ
қазақша: Вишну
Latina: Vishnu
latviešu: Višnu
lietuvių: Višnus
magyar: Visnu
македонски: Вишну
മലയാളം: വിഷ്ണു
मराठी: विष्णु
მარგალური: ვიშნუ
Bahasa Melayu: Maha Vishnu
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဗိဿနိုးနတ်
Nederlands: Vishnoe
नेपाली: विष्णु
日本語: ヴィシュヌ
norsk: Vishnu
norsk nynorsk: Visjnu
occitan: Vishnó
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ବିଷ୍ଣୁ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Vishnu
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵਿਸ਼ਨੂੰ
پنجابی: وشنو
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ព្រះវិស្ណុ
Plattdüütsch: Wischnu
polski: Wisznu
português: Vixnu
română: Vișnu
русский: Вишну
संस्कृतम्: विष्णुः
Scots: Vishnu
සිංහල: විෂ්ණු
Simple English: Vishnu
slovenčina: Višnu
slovenščina: Višnu
کوردی: ڤیشنو
српски / srpski: Вишну
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Višnu
suomi: Vishnu
svenska: Vishnu
Tagalog: Vishnu
தமிழ்: விஷ்ணு
తెలుగు: విష్ణువు
тоҷикӣ: Вишну
Türkçe: Vişnu
українська: Вішну
اردو: وشنو
Tiếng Việt: Vishnu
Võro: Višnu
Winaray: Vishnu
吴语: 毗湿奴
粵語: 毗濕奴
中文: 毗湿奴
डोटेली: विष्णु
Kabɩyɛ: Vishnou