Vienna Secession

The secession building at Vienna, built in 1897 by Joseph Maria Olbrich for exhibitions of the secession group

The Vienna Secession (German: Wiener Secession; also known as the Union of Austrian Artists, or Vereinigung Bildender Künstler Österreichs) was an art movement formed in 1897 by a group of Austrian artists who had resigned from the Association of Austrian Artists, housed in the Vienna Künstlerhaus. This movement included painters, sculptors, and architects. The first president of the Secession was Gustav Klimt, and Rudolf von Alt was made honorary president. Its official magazine was called Ver Sacrum.

History

A view of the secession building focusing on the dome.

The Vienna Secession was founded on 3 April 1897 by artists Gustav Klimt, Koloman Moser, Josef Hoffmann, Joseph Maria Olbrich, Max Kurzweil, Wilhelm Bernatzik and others. Although Otto Wagner is widely recognised as an important member of the Vienna Secession he was not a founding member. The Secession artists objected to the prevailing conservatism of the Vienna Künstlerhaus with its traditional orientation toward Historicism. The Berlin and Munich Secession movements preceded the Vienna Secession, which held its first exhibition in 1898.

The group's exhibition policy was notable for providing the first dedicated space for contemporary art in the city, with the express aim of making contacts with international art movements and campaigning against nationalism in art.[1] This helped make the French Impressionists and others familiar to the Viennese public. The 14th Secession exhibition, designed by Josef Hoffmann and dedicated to Ludwig van Beethoven, was especially famous. A statue of Beethoven by Max Klinger stood at the center, with Klimt's Beethoven frieze mounted around it. The Klimt frieze has been restored and can be seen in the gallery today.

In 1903, Hoffmann and Moser founded the Wiener Werkstätte as a fine-arts society with the goal of reforming the applied arts (arts and crafts).

On 14 June 1905 Gustav Klimt and other artists seceded from the Vienna Secession due to differences of opinion over artistic concepts.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Wiener Secession
башҡортса: Вена сецессионы
беларуская: Венская сэцэсія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Венская сэцэсія
Boarisch: Weana Secession
bosanski: Bečka secesija
Esperanto: Viena secesio
فارسی: جدایی وین
한국어: 빈 분리파
hrvatski: Bečka secesija
Bahasa Indonesia: Wiener Secession
עברית: זצסיון
Nederlands: Wiener Secession
norsk nynorsk: Wiener Sezession
português: Secessão de Viena
Seeltersk: Wiener Secession
Simple English: Vienna Secession
slovenščina: Dunajska secesija
српски / srpski: Бечка сецесија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bečka secesija
українська: Віденська сецесія