Vichy

Vichy
Vichèi
Subprefecture and commune
October 2008 aerial view of Vichy
October 2008 aerial view of Vichy
Coat of arms of Vichy
Coat of arms
Vichy is located in France
Vichy
Vichy
Location within Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
Vichy is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Vichy
Vichy
Coordinates: 46°07′40″N 3°25′36″E / 46°07′40″N 3°25′36″E / 46.1278; 3.4267
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentAllier
ArrondissementVichy
CantonVichy-1 & Vichy-2
IntercommunalityVichy Communauté
Government
 • Mayor (2017–2020) Frédéric Aguilera[1]
Area15.85 km2 (2.26 sq mi)
Population (2013)225,325
 • Density4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code03310 /03200
Elevation243–317 m (797–1,040 ft)
(avg. 263 m or 863 ft)
Websiteville-vichy.fr

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Vichy (i/;[2] French pronunciation: ​[viʃi]) (Vichèi in Occitan) is a city in the Allier department of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes in central France, in the historic province of Bourbonnais.

It is a spa and resort town and in World War II was the seat of government of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944. The term Vichyste indicated collaboration with the Vichy regime, often carrying a pejorative connotation.[3]

Today, the town's inhabitants are called Vichyssois. Up until the 18th century, they were more properly known as les Vichois, which stems from the Occitan name of the town, Vichèi. The writer Valery Larbaud uses the term Vicaldiens after the Ancient Roman Latin name for the community, aquae calidae (hot waters).[4][5]

Climate

The city enjoys an inland oceanic climate that incorporates some characteristics of a mountain climate because of the nearby Massif Central and Alps. Heavy snows in the Massif Central often make roads impassable, but Vichy is low enough — about 249 metres (817 feet) above sea level — that the climate is more continental than mountain. Rainfall is moderate around Vichy, averaging about 779.5 millimetres (30.7 in) annually.

Town Sun Rain Snow Storms Fog
Paris 1,797 hr/yr 642 mm/yr 15 dy/yr 19 dy/yr 13 dy/year
Nice 2,694 hr/yr 767 mm/yr 1 dy/yr 31 dy/yr 1 dy/yr
Strasbourg 1,637 hr/yr 610 mm/yr 30 dy/yr 29 dy/yr 65 dy/yr
Vichy 1,880 hr/yr 790 mm/yr ... dy/yr ... dy/yr ... dy/yr
National Average 1,973 hr/yr 770 mm/yr 14 dy/yr 22 dy/yr 40 dy/yr
Climate data for Vichy (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
25.7
(78.3)
26.3
(79.3)
30.8
(87.4)
33.0
(91.4)
39.2
(102.6)
41.2
(106.2)
40.6
(105.1)
36.4
(97.5)
30.6
(87.1)
26.2
(79.2)
21.7
(71.1)
41.2
(106.2)
Average high °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
9.0
(48.2)
13.0
(55.4)
15.8
(60.4)
20.0
(68)
23.5
(74.3)
26.4
(79.5)
26.1
(79)
22.2
(72)
17.6
(63.7)
11.2
(52.2)
7.8
(46)
16.7
(62.1)
Average low °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.9
(35.4)
3.9
(39)
8.1
(46.6)
11.2
(52.2)
13.3
(55.9)
12.9
(55.2)
9.8
(49.6)
7.3
(45.1)
2.8
(37)
0.4
(32.7)
6.0
(42.8)
Record low °C (°F) −26.9
(−16.4)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−13.3
(8.1)
−7.3
(18.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
−0.2
(31.6)
3.7
(38.7)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
−9.0
(15.8)
−11.3
(11.7)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−26.9
(−16.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46.8
(1.843)
39.8
(1.567)
44.2
(1.74)
69.3
(2.728)
98.2
(3.866)
78.2
(3.079)
71.6
(2.819)
74.2
(2.921)
75.4
(2.969)
68.0
(2.677)
63.3
(2.492)
50.5
(1.988)
779.5
(30.689)
Average precipitation days 10.0 8.9 9.0 10.8 12.2 9.5 8.1 8.8 8.7 10.4 10.3 10.0 116.7
Average relative humidity (%) 84 80 75 74 77 76 73 75 78 83 84 85 78.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 78.1 94.8 153.7 175.4 203.4 225.0 248.9 238.3 183.5 128.1 76.7 55.9 1,861.7
Source #1: Météo France[6][7]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity, 1961–1990)[8]
Other Languages
العربية: فيشي
asturianu: Vichy
azərbaycanca: Vişi
تۆرکجه: ویشی
Bân-lâm-gú: Vichy
беларуская: Вішы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вішы
български: Виши
བོད་ཡིག: ཝི་ཆི།
brezhoneg: Vichy
català: Vichèi
Cebuano: Vichy
čeština: Vichy
Cymraeg: Vichy
dansk: Vichy
Deutsch: Vichy
eesti: Vichy
Ελληνικά: Βισύ
español: Vichy
Esperanto: Vichy
euskara: Vichy
فارسی: ویشی
français: Vichy
Frysk: Vichy
galego: Vichy
Հայերեն: Վիշի
Ido: Vichy
Bahasa Indonesia: Vichy
italiano: Vichy
עברית: וישי
ქართული: ვიში
қазақша: Виши
Kiswahili: Vichy
Latina: Viciacum
latviešu: Višī
Lëtzebuergesch: Vichy
lietuvių: Viši
magyar: Vichy
मराठी: विशी
مازِرونی: ویشی
Bahasa Melayu: Vichy
Nederlands: Vichy (Allier)
日本語: ヴィシー
norsk: Vichy
norsk nynorsk: Vichy
occitan: Vichèi
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Vichy (Allier)
پنجابی: وشی
Piemontèis: Vichy
polski: Vichy
português: Vichy
română: Vichy
русский: Виши
sardu: Vichy
Scots: Vichy
shqip: Vichy
Simple English: Vichy
slovenčina: Vichy
slovenščina: Vichy
ślůnski: Vichy
српски / srpski: Виши
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Vichy
suomi: Vichy
svenska: Vichy
Türkçe: Vichy
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Vichy
українська: Віші
Tiếng Việt: Vichy
Volapük: Vichy
Winaray: Vichy
ייִדיש: ווישי
粵語: 維希
Zeêuws: Vichy
中文: 維希