Việt Minh

The Việt Minh flag.

Việt Minh (Vietnamese: [vîət mīŋ̟] (About this soundlisten); abbreviated from Việt Nam độc lập đồng minh, French: "Ligue pour l'indépendance du Viêt Nam", English: "League for the Independence of Vietnam") was a national independence coalition formed at Pác Bó by Hồ Chí Minh on May 19, 1941. The Việt Nam Độc Lập Đồng Minh Hội had previously formed in Nanjing, China, at some point between August 1935 and early 1936 when Vietnamese Nationalist or other Vietnamese nationalist parties formed an anti-imperialist united front. This organization soon lapsed into inactivity, only to be revived by the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP) and Hồ Chí Minh in 1941.[1] The Việt Minh established itself as the only organized anti-French and anti-Japanese resistance group.[2] The Việt Minh initially formed to seek independence for Vietnam from the French Empire. The United States supported France. When the Japanese occupation began, the Việt Minh opposed Japan with support from the United States and the Republic of China. After World War II, the Việt Minh opposed the re-occupation of Vietnam by France and later opposed South Vietnam and the United States in the Vietnam War.The political leader and founder of Việt Minh was Hồ Chí Minh. The military leadership was under the command of Võ Nguyên Giáp. Other founders were Lê Duẩn and Phạm Văn Đồng.

The Việt Minh was considered by the Communist Party of Vietnam as a form of national independence front in Vietnam, it was also known as the Việt Minh's Independent Allied Front, Việt Minh Front.[3] The unification of the national front is done by the peoples, classes and internal parties in order to carry out the national revolution against the invasion and oppression of imperialism and colonialism.

World War II

During World War II, Japan occupied French Indochina. As well as fighting the French, the Việt Minh started a campaign against the Japanese. As of the end of 1944, the Việt Minh claimed a membership of 500,000, of which 200,000 were in Tonkin, 150,000 in Annam, and 150,000 in Cochinchina. Due to their opposition to the Japanese, the Việt Minh received funding from the United States, the Soviet Union and the Republic of China . When Japan surrendered in August 1945, the Japanese handed over control of some public buildings and weapons requisitioned from the French army to the Việt Minh, now led by Hồ Chí Minh, after turning in the Vietnamese nationalist leaders of the Việt Minh to the French colonialists. The Việt Minh also recruited more than 600 of the Japanese soldiers, who fought in the war against France until 1945. After the nationalist organizations proclaimed the independence of Việt Nam, Hồ proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on September 2, 1945.

Other Languages
العربية: فيت مين
asturianu: Viet Minh
български: Виетмин
Boarisch: Viet Minh
brezhoneg: Việt Minh
català: Việt Minh
čeština: Viet Minh
Cymraeg: Việt Minh
dansk: Viet Minh
Deutsch: Việt Minh
español: Viet Minh
Esperanto: Việt Minh
euskara: Viet Minh
فارسی: ویت مین
français: Việt Minh
galego: Viet Minh
한국어: 비엣민
हिन्दी: वियत मिन्ह
hrvatski: Viet Minh
Bahasa Indonesia: Việt Minh
italiano: Viet Minh
עברית: וייט מין
Basa Jawa: Việt Minh
Кыргызча: Вьетминь
magyar: Viet Minh
Bahasa Melayu: Viet Minh
Nederlands: Vietminh
日本語: ベトミン
norsk: Viet Minh
occitan: Vietminh
polski: Việt Minh
português: Việt Minh
română: Viet Minh
русский: Вьетминь
Scots: Viet Minh
shqip: Viet Minh
slovenčina: Viet Minh
српски / srpski: Вијетмин
svenska: Vietminh
Tagalog: Viet Minh
українська: В'єтмінь
اردو: ویت منہ
Tiếng Việt: Việt Minh