|Città di Vercelli|
Piazza Cavour and the Torre dell’Angelo.
|Brarola, Cappuccini, Larizzate, Bivio Sesia, Boarone, Campora, Canton Biliemme, Carengo, Cascina Mostioli, Cascine Strà, Cominetti, Montonero|
|• Mayor||Maura Forte (Left wing coalition)|
|• Total||79.85 km2 (30.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||130 m (430 ft)|
|• Density||580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
| • Summer (|
|Saint day||August 1|
The city is situated on the river
The world's first university funded by public money was established in Vercelli in 1228 (the seventh university founded in Italy), but was closed in 1372. Today it has a university of literature and philosophy as a part of the
Vercellae (Vercelum) was the capital of the Libici or Lebecili, a
It became an independent commune in 1120, and joined the first and second Lombard leagues. Its statutes are among the most interesting of those of the medieval republics. In 1197 they abolished the
During the troubles of the 13th century it fell into the power of the
In 1499 and 1553 Vercelli was captured by the French, and in 1616 and 1678 by the Spaniards. In 1704 it sustained an energetic siege by the French, who failed to destroy the fortress, after which it shared the fortunes of Savoy. In 1821 Vercelli rose in favour of the Constitution.