Vercelli

Vercelli
Comune
Città di Vercelli
Piazza Cavour and the Torre dell’Angelo.
Piazza Cavour and the Torre dell’Angelo.
Coat of arms of Vercelli
Coat of arms
Vercelli is located in Italy
Vercelli
Vercelli
Location of Vercelli in Italy
Coordinates: 45°19′N 8°25′E / 45°19′N 8°25′E / 45.317; 8.417
Country Italy
Region Piedmont
Province Vercelli (VC)
Frazioni Brarola, Cappuccini, Larizzate, Bivio Sesia, Boarone, Campora, Canton Biliemme, Carengo, Cascina Mostioli, Cascine Strà, Cominetti, Montonero
Government
 • Mayor Maura Forte (Left wing coalition)
Area
 • Total 79.85 km2 (30.83 sq mi)
Elevation 130 m (430 ft)
Population (1-1-2017)
 • Total 46,552
 • Density 580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Vercellese(i)
Time zone CET ( UTC+1)
 • Summer ( DST) CEST ( UTC+2)
Postal code 13100
Dialing code 0161
Patron saint Eusebius of Vercelli
Saint day August 1
Website Official website

Vercelli [verˈtʃɛlli] About this sound  listen  (Vërsèj in Piedmontese), is a city and comune of 46.552 inhabitants (1-1-2017) in the Province of Vercelli, Piedmont, northern Italy. One of the oldest urban sites in northern Italy, it was founded, according to most historians, around the year 600 BC.

The city is situated on the river Sesia in the plain of the river Po between Milan and Turin. It is an important centre for the cultivation of rice, and is surrounded by rice paddies, which are flooded in the summer. The climate is typical of the Po Valley with cold, foggy winters (0.4 °C (33 °F) in January) and oppressive heat during the summer months (23.45 °C (74 °F) in July). Rainfall is most prevalent during the spring and autumn; thunderstorms are common in the summer.

The languages spoken in Vercelli are Italian and Piedmontese; the variety of Piedmontese native to the city is called Varsleis.

The world's first university funded by public money was established in Vercelli in 1228 (the seventh university founded in Italy), but was closed in 1372. Today it has a university of literature and philosophy as a part of the Università del Piemonte Orientale and a satellite campus of the Politecnico di Torino.

History

Vercellae (Vercelum) was the capital of the Libici or Lebecili, a Ligurian tribe; it became an important municipium, near which Gaius Marius defeated the Cimbri and the Teutones in the Battle of Vercellae in 101 BC.

The imperial magister militum Flavius Stilicho annihilated the Goths there 500 years later. It was half ruined in St. Jerome's time (olim potens, nunc raro habitatore semiruta (1, 3.1)). After the Lombard invasion it belonged to the Duchy of Ivrea. From 885 it was under the jurisdiction of the prince-bishop, who was a Count of the Empire.

It became an independent commune in 1120, and joined the first and second Lombard leagues. Its statutes are among the most interesting of those of the medieval republics. In 1197 they abolished the servitude of the glebe. In 1228 the University of Pavia was transferred to Vercelli, where it remained till the fourteenth century, but without gaining much prominence; only a university school of law has been maintained.

In 1307, Fra Dolcino, the leader of the Dulcinian was tortured and burned at the stake.

During the troubles of the 13th century it fell into the power of the Della Torre of Milan (1263), of the Marquesses of Monferrato (1277), who appointed Matteo I Visconti captain (1290–1299). The Tizzoni ( Ghibellines) and Avogadri ( Guelphs) disputed the city from 1301 to 1334. The Guelphs were expelled several times, enabling the Marquess of Monferrato to take Vercelli (1328), which voluntarily placed itself under the Viscount of Milan in 1334. In 1373, Bishop Giovanni Fieschi expelled the Visconti, but Matteo reconquered the city. Facino Cane (1402), profiting by the strife between Giovanni Maria and Filippo Maria Visconti, took Vercelli, but was driven out by Theodore II of Montferrat (1404), from whom the city passed to the dukes of Savoy (1427).

In 1499 and 1553 Vercelli was captured by the French, and in 1616 and 1678 by the Spaniards. In 1704 it sustained an energetic siege by the French, who failed to destroy the fortress, after which it shared the fortunes of Savoy. In 1821 Vercelli rose in favour of the Constitution.

Other Languages
العربية: فيرتشيلي
asturianu: Vercelli
Bân-lâm-gú: Vercelli
беларуская: Верчэлі
български: Верчели
brezhoneg: Vercelli
català: Vercelli
čeština: Vercelli
dansk: Vercelli
Deutsch: Vercelli
eesti: Vercelli
Ελληνικά: Βερτσέλλι
español: Vercelli
Esperanto: Verĉelo
euskara: Vercelli
فارسی: ورچلی
føroyskt: Vercelli
français: Verceil
Gaeilge: Vercelli
galego: Vercelli
한국어: 베르첼리
Հայերեն: Վերչելի
Bahasa Indonesia: Vercelli
íslenska: Vercelli
italiano: Vercelli
Latina: Vercellae
lietuvių: Verčelis
lumbaart: Vercèj
magyar: Vercelli
Bahasa Melayu: Vercelli
Nederlands: Vercelli (stad)
Napulitano: Vercelli
norsk: Vercelli
norsk nynorsk: Vercelli
occitan: Vercèlh
Papiamentu: Vercelli
Piemontèis: Vërsèj
polski: Vercelli
português: Vercelli
română: Vercelli
русский: Верчелли
sardu: Bertzeddi
Scots: Vercelli
sicilianu: Vercelli
Simple English: Vercelli
slovenščina: Vercelli
српски / srpski: Верчели
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Vercelli
suomi: Vercelli
svenska: Vercelli
tarandíne: Vercelli
Türkçe: Vercelli
українська: Верчеллі
اردو: ویرچیلی
Tiếng Việt: Vercelli
Volapük: Vercelli
Winaray: Vercelli
中文: 韦尔切利