Venice Film Festival
Venice Cinema Palace on the
|Founded||6 August 1932|
|No. of films||87 in |
The Venice Film Festival or Venice International Film Festival (
The festival in held annually in late August or early September on the island of the
The 76th Venice International Film Festival is scheduled to be held from 28 August to 7 September 2019.
During the 1930s, the government and Italian citizens were heavily interested in film. The majority of all money spent on spectator art or sporting events went to film industry. The majority of films screened in Italy were American which lead to government involvement in the film industry and the yearning to celebrate Italian culture in general. With this in mind, the Venice International Film Festival was created by
On the night of August 6, 1932, the American film
No awards were given at the first exhibition, however, an audience referendum was held to declare which films and performances were worthy of the most praise. The French film
Despite the success of the first festival, no event was held in 1933. In 1934, the festival was declared to be an annual event and involvement grew from nine countries to seventeen. The structure of the festival also began to develop in 1934 when the first official awards were given, namely the Mussolini Cup. Seventeen awards were give; 14 to films, 3 to individuals, and 5 honorable mentions were announced.
The third installment in 1935 was headed by the festival's first artistic director, Ottavio Croze, who maintained this position until the war. The following year added a jury to the festival's governing body, with members being solely Italian. The majority of funds for the festival at this point came from the Ministry of Popular Culture, with other portions received from the Biennale and the city of Venice.
The year 1936 also marked another important development in the festival. A law, crafted by the Ministry of Popular Culture, was passed declaring the festival to be an autonomous entity, separate from the main Venice Biennale. This allowed additional fascist organizations, such as the Department of Cinema and the Fascist National Federation of Entertainment Industries, to take control of the festival.
The fifth festival established its home. Designed and completed in 1937, the
The 1940s represent one of the most difficult moments for the festival itself. Nazi propaganda movie
The festival resumed full speed in 1946, after the war. For the first time, the
In 1947 the festival was held in the courtyard of the
In 1963 the winds of change blow strongly during
The social and political unrest of 1968 had strong repercussions on the Venice Bienniale. From 1969 to 1979 no prizes were awarded and the festival returned to the non-competitiveness of the first edition. In 1973, 1977 and 1978, the festival was not even held. The
|since 2012||Alberto Barbera|
The long-awaited rebirth came in 1979, thanks to the new director
To celebrate the 70th edition of the festival, in 2013 the new section "Venezia 70 – Future Reloaded" was created.
During the recent years, under the direction of
Alberto Barbera, the festival established itself as an Oscars launchpad, increasing the presence of
In 2017 an new section for