Venice

Venice
Italian: Venezia
Comune
Comune di Venezia
A collage of Venice: at the top left is the Piazza San Marco, followed by a view of the city, then the Grand Canal, and (smaller) the interior of La Fenice and, finally, the Island of San Giorgio Maggiore.
A collage of Venice: at the top left is the Piazza San Marco, followed by a view of the city, then the Grand Canal, and (smaller) the interior of La Fenice and, finally, the Island of San Giorgio Maggiore.
Venice is located in Italy
Venice
Venice
Location of Venice in Italy
Venice is located in Veneto
Venice
Venice
Venice (Veneto)
Venice is located in Europe
Venice
Venice
Venice (Europe)
Coordinates: 45°26′15″N 12°20′9″E / 45°26′15″N 12°20′9″E / 45.43750; 12.33583
Country Italy
Region Veneto
Metropolitan city Venice (VE)
Frazioni Chirignago, Favaro Veneto, Mestre, Marghera, Murano, Burano, Giudecca, Lido, Zelarino
Government
 • Mayor Luigi Brugnaro ( independent)
Area
 • Total 414.57 km2 (160.07 sq mi)
Elevation 1 m (3 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 264,557
 • Density 640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s) (it) Veneziano, pl. Veneziani
(en) Venetian, pl. Venetians
Time zone CET ( UTC+1)
 • Summer ( DST) CEST ( UTC+2)
Postal code 30100
Dialing code 041
ISTAT code 027042
Patron saint St. Mark the Evangelist
Saint day 25 April
Website Official website
Venice and its Lagoon
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Panorama of Canal Grande and Ponte di Rialto, Venice - September 2017.jpg
Venice in fall, with the Rialto Bridge in the background
Criteria Cultural: i, ii, iii, iv, v, vi
Reference 394
Inscription 1987 (11th Session)

Venice ( s/, VEN-iss; Italian: Venezia, [veˈnɛttsja] ( About this sound  listen); Venetian: Venesia, [veˈnɛsja]) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region. It is situated across a group of 118 small islands [1] that are separated by canals and linked by bridges, of which there are 400. [2] [3] The islands are located in the shallow Venetian Lagoon, an enclosed bay that lies between the mouths of the Po and the Piave Rivers. Parts of Venice are renowned for the beauty of their settings, their architecture, and artwork. [2] The lagoon and a part of the city are listed as a World Heritage Site. [2]

In 2014, 264,579 people resided in Comune di Venezia, of whom around 55,000 live in the historic city of Venice (Centro storico). Together with Padua and Treviso, the city is included in the Padua-Treviso-Venice Metropolitan Area (PATREVE), with a total population of 2.6 million. PATREVE is only a statistical metropolitan area. [4]

The name is derived from the ancient Veneti people who inhabited the region by the 10th century BCE. [5] [6] The city was historically the capital of the Republic of Venice. Venice has been known as the "La Dominante," "Serenissima," "Queen of the Adriatic," "City of Water," "City of Masks," "City of Bridges," "The Floating City," and "City of Canals."

The Republic of Venice was a major financial and maritime power during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, and a staging area for the Crusades and the Battle of Lepanto, as well as a very important center of commerce (especially silk, grain, and spice) and art in the 13th century up to the end of the 17th century. The city-state of Venice is considered to have been the first real international financial center which gradually emerged from the 9th century to its peak in the 14th century. [7] This made Venice a wealthy city throughout most of its history. [8]

It is also known for its several important artistic movements, especially the Renaissance period. After the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna, the Republic was annexed by the Austrian Empire, until it became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1866, following a referendum held as a result of the Third Italian War of Independence. Venice has played an important role in the history of symphonic and operatic music, and it is the birthplace of Antonio Vivaldi. [9] Venice has been ranked the most beautiful city in the world as of 2016. [10] The city is facing some major challenges, however, including financial difficulties, erosion, pollution, subsidence, an excessive number of tourists in peak periods and problems caused by oversized cruise ships sailing close to the banks of the historical city. [11] [12] [13]

Etymology

Grand Canal from Rialto to Ca'Foscari
Venice view from the Bridge Foscari, to the Bridge Santa Margherita
Gondola Punta and Basilica Salute

The name of the city, deriving from Latin forms Venetia and Venetiae, is most likely taken from "Venetia et Histria", the Roman name of Regio X of Roman Italy, but applied to the coastal part of the region that remained under Roman Empire outside of Gothic, Lombard, and Frankish control. The name Venetia, however, derives from the Roman name for the people known as the Veneti, and called by the Greeks Astonio (Ἐνετοί). The meaning of the word is uncertain, although there are other Indo-European tribes with similar-sounding names, such as the Celtic Veneti, Baltic Veneti, and the Slavic Wends. Linguists suggest that the name is based on an Indo-European root *wen ("love"), so that *wenetoi would mean "beloved", "lovable", or "friendly". A connection with the Latin word venetus, meaning the color 'sea-blue', is also possible. Supposed connections of Venetia with the Latin verb venire (to come), such as Marin Sanudo's veni etiam ("Yet, I have come!"), the supposed cry of the first refugees to the Venetian lagoon from the mainland, or even with venia ("forgiveness") are fanciful. The alternative obsolete form is Vinegia [viˈnɛːdʒa]; [14] ( Venetian: Venèxia [veˈnɛzja]; Latin: Venetiae; Slovene: Benetke).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Venesië
Alemannisch: Venedig
አማርኛ: ቬኒስ
Ænglisc: Venetia
Аҧсшәа: Уанаҿа
العربية: البندقية
aragonés: Venecia
asturianu: Venecia
Aymar aru: Venezia
azərbaycanca: Venesiya
تۆرکجه: ونیز
বাংলা: ভেনিস
Bân-lâm-gú: Venezia
беларуская: Венецыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вэнэцыя
Bikol Central: Venice
български: Венеция
Boarisch: Venedig
བོད་ཡིག: ཝེ་ནེ་ཟི་ཡ།
bosanski: Venecija
brezhoneg: Venezia
català: Venècia
Чӑвашла: Венеци
Cebuano: Venecia
čeština: Benátky
corsu: Venezia
Cymraeg: Fenis
dansk: Venedig
Deutsch: Venedig
eesti: Veneetsia
Ελληνικά: Βενετία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Venêzia
español: Venecia
Esperanto: Venecio
estremeñu: Venécia
euskara: Venezia
فارسی: ونیز
føroyskt: Venesia
français: Venise
furlan: Vignesie
Gaeilge: An Veinéis
Gàidhlig: Venezia
galego: Venecia
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Venezia
한국어: 베네치아
Հայերեն: Վենետիկ
हिन्दी: वेनिस
hrvatski: Venecija
Ido: Venezia
Bahasa Indonesia: Venesia
interlingua: Venetia
Interlingue: Venezia
Ирон: Венеци
íslenska: Feneyjar
italiano: Venezia
עברית: ונציה
Basa Jawa: Venesia
ಕನ್ನಡ: ವೆನಿಸ್‌
ქართული: ვენეცია
kaszëbsczi: Wenecjô
қазақша: Венеция
kernowek: Venis
Kiswahili: Venezia
коми: Венеция
Kurdî: Wênîs
Кыргызча: Венеция
Ladino: Venezia
Latina: Venetiae
latviešu: Venēcija
Lëtzebuergesch: Venedeg
lietuvių: Venecija
Ligure: Venessia
Limburgs: Venetië
lumbaart: Venèzia
मैथिली: भेनिस
македонски: Венеција
മലയാളം: വെനീസ്
मराठी: व्हेनिस
მარგალური: ვენეცია
مصرى: فينيسيا
Bahasa Melayu: Venice
монгол: Венец
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဗင်းနစ်မြို့
Nederlands: Venetië (stad)
Nedersaksies: Venies
नेपाली: भेनिस
नेपाल भाषा: भेनिस
Napulitano: Venezia
нохчийн: Венеци
Nordfriisk: Venedig
norsk: Venezia
norsk nynorsk: Venezia
Nouormand: V'nise
occitan: Venècia
олык марий: Венеций
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Venesiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵੈਨਿਸ
پنجابی: وینس
Picard: Venise
Piemontèis: Venessia
polski: Wenecja
português: Veneza
Qaraqalpaqsha: Vinetsiya
română: Veneția
Runa Simi: Venezia
русский: Венеция
саха тыла: Венеция
संस्कृतम्: वेनिस
sardu: Venetzia
Scots: Venice
shqip: Venecia
sicilianu: Vinezzia
Simple English: Venice
slovenčina: Benátky
slovenščina: Benetke
ślůnski: Wynecyjo
کوردی: ڤێنیز
српски / srpski: Венеција
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Venecija
suomi: Venetsia
svenska: Venedig
தமிழ்: வெனிசு
tarandíne: Venezia
татарча/tatarça: Венеция
తెలుగు: వెనిస్
ไทย: เวนิส
тоҷикӣ: Венетсия
Türkçe: Venedik
Twi: Venezia
українська: Венеція
اردو: وینس
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Wénitsiye
vèneto: Venesia
vepsän kel’: Venecii
Tiếng Việt: Venezia
Volapük: Venezia
文言: 威尼斯
Winaray: Venesya
吴语: 威尼斯
ייִדיש: ווענעציע
粵語: 威尼斯
Zazaki: Venedik
中文: 威尼斯
Kabɩyɛ: Feeniizi