|Comune di Venezia
Location of Venice in Italy
|Coordinates: 45°26′15″N 12°20′9″E / 45°26′15″N 12°20′9″E / 45.43750; 12.33583
||Chirignago, Favaro Veneto,
| • Mayor
Luigi Brugnaro (
| • Total
||414.57 km2 (160.07 sq mi)
||1 m (3 ft)
| • Total
| • Density
||640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
||(it) Veneziano, pl. Veneziani
(en) Venetian, pl. Venetians
| • Summer (
St. Mark the Evangelist
[veˈnɛsja]) is a city in northeastern
Italy and the capital of the
region. It is situated across a group of 118 small islands
 that are separated by canals and linked by bridges, of which there are 400.
 The islands are located in the shallow
Venetian Lagoon, an enclosed bay that lies between the mouths of the
Po and the
Piave Rivers. Parts of Venice are renowned for the beauty of their settings, their
architecture, and artwork.
 The lagoon and a part of the city are listed as a
World Heritage Site.
In 2014, 264,579 people resided in
Comune di Venezia, of whom around 55,000 live in the historic city of Venice (Centro storico). Together with
Treviso, the city is included in the
Padua-Treviso-Venice Metropolitan Area (PATREVE), with a total population of 2.6 million. PATREVE is only a statistical metropolitan area.
The name is derived from the ancient
Veneti people who inhabited the region by the 10th century BCE.
 The city was historically the capital of the
Republic of Venice. Venice has been known as the "La Dominante," "Serenissima," "Queen of the
Adriatic," "City of Water," "City of Masks," "City of Bridges," "The Floating City," and "City of Canals."
The Republic of Venice was a major financial and maritime power during the
Middle Ages and
Renaissance, and a
staging area for the
Crusades and the
Battle of Lepanto, as well as a very important center of commerce (especially silk, grain, and
spice) and art in the 13th century up to the end of the 17th century. The
city-state of Venice is considered to have been the first real international financial center which gradually emerged from the 9th century to its peak in the 14th century.
 This made Venice a wealthy city throughout most of its history.
It is also known for its several important artistic movements, especially the
Renaissance period. After the
Napoleonic Wars and the
Congress of Vienna, the Republic was annexed by the
Austrian Empire, until it became part of the
Kingdom of Italy in 1866, following a referendum held as a result of the
Third Italian War of Independence. Venice has played an important role in the history of symphonic and operatic music, and it is the birthplace of
 Venice has been ranked the most beautiful city in the world as of 2016.
 The city is facing some major challenges, however, including financial difficulties, erosion, pollution, subsidence, an excessive number of tourists in peak periods and problems caused by oversized cruise ships sailing close to the banks of the historical city.