Venezuelans

Venezuelans
Venezolanos
Flag of Venezuela (state).svg
Total population
c. 34–34.5 million
(Citizenship and ancestry worldwide)
Regions with significant populations
 Venezuela     31,568,179 (2016)[1]
 Colombia819,034–1,000,000[2]
 United States321,609[3]–500,000[4]
 Peru456,000[5]
 Spain250,000[6]
 Italy150,000[7]
 Chile134,390[8]
 Canada105,000[9]
 Portugal100,000[10]
 Brazil83,000[11][12]
 Panama70,000[10]
 Argentina56,621[13]
 France30,000[10]
 Ecuador25,000[10]
 Dominican Republic20,000[14]
 Germany20,000[10]
 Mexico17,000[10]
 Cuba15,000[10]
 United Kingdom15,000[10]
 Australia10,000[10]
 Ireland5,000[10]
 Costa Rica3,000[10]
 Trinidad and Tobago3,000[10]
 Guyana3,000[10]
 Bolivia2,000[10]
 New Zealand2,000[10]
 China1,000[10]
 Japan1,000[15]
 Netherlands1,000[10]
 Saudi Arabia1,000[10]
 South Africa1,000[10]
 Uruguay1,000[10]
Languages
Primarily Venezuelan Spanish (96.6%)[16]
Religion
Christian majority: Roman Catholicism (71.0%), Protestantism (Evangelicals) (22.0%), other Christians: Orthodox Church, Mormonism, Jehovah Witnesses

Irreligion, Deism, Agnosticism and Atheism: (8.0%)

minorities: Santería (1%), Muslim (0.4%), Judaism (0.05%)[19]

Venezuelan people are people identified with Venezuela. Venezuelans are predominantly Roman Catholic and speak Spanish. The majority of Venezuelans are the result of a mixture of Europeans, Africans and Amerindians. Approximately 51.6% of the population are Mestizos of mixed European, African and Amerindian ancestry, and 43.6% of Venezuelans identify as European or Middle Eastern. An additional 3.6% identify as Black/African-descendants, while 3.2% identify as Amerindians.[20]

Historical and ethnic aspects

Pre-Columbian period

Pre-Columbian times, is a historical stage where various immigrant groups begin to move the current Americas, at which writing was not used, thus being difficult to find evidence of the people who began to populate this land. However, archaeological excavations are the evidences that establish certain periods that were taking place on the continent.

In the case of Venezuela, probably the man first appeared 16,000 years ago, this due to migration flows from other indigenous cultures of America, from the south to the Amazon, from the west through Los Andes and north by the Caribbean Sea.

There are four periods of diversity that develop in the current Venezuela, which also entering a new period, it did not mean the end of the previous.

The first migrations to the continent were probably from East Asia to 15,000 years. C. These early migrants (called forth by the generic name "Indians") came at first to be located in North America, later moving to the territory of present Venezuela. Now for their offspring, it was clear verify the Asian features on their faces that will adapt to the climate and lifestyle.

During this period, various mammals were disappearing by climatic changes already beginning to take place from 5000 years ago, so the population in the mainland, starts to move towards the coast and spread to some nearby islands, trying to find new feeding alternatives.

Colonization

On August 2, 1498 (516 years), Christopher Columbus, and the Spanish colonizers ships, landed for the first time in American mainland and did so in the current Venezuelan territory. With the rapid colonization process despite small local indigenous rebellions, the Spaniards manage to conquer the territory, beginning during this period the most significant crossbreeding process that will define later the social profile of the country.

With the passage of time, and the introduction of the African continent, a third race, the Africans, started to integrate into the population, creating heterogeneity in the faces of the society of the time.

During colonial centuries in Venezuela began to settle the "peninsular whites", coming directly from the Iberian Peninsula and which were those who held positions in the crown, representing only 15% of the population. Another group of whites who were born in Venezuela were originally called "Creole", representing 20% of the population: they were mostly from the Canary Islands and they worked mainly in petty trade. The other two smaller groups were the original inhabitants and indigenous blacks brought from Africa: they were about 5% of the population. Soon the original groups started to have interbreedings and this created a process of "fusion" between the different racial groups: The "brown" were descendants of the unions between Whites, Indians and Blacks and by the 18th century were the largest racial and social group being more than 60% of the population.

This process is currently responsible for the majority of Venezuelans who are of mixed race.

Current ethnic groups

The country has a diverse population that reflects its rich history and the people that have lived here since antiquity to the present. The historic amalgam of different principal groups form the basis of the current demographics of Venezuela: the European immigrants, the Amerindian peoples, African, Asian, Middle Eastern and other recent immigrants.

Many of the indigenous peoples were absorbed by the mixed population, but the remaining 500,000 currently represent more than 85 different cultures.

European immigrants were mainly Spanish colonists, but another large and growing number are descendants of Europeans (Portuguese, Italians, Germans and Americans) who migrated to the region in mid-twentieth century during the oil growth in the country. Small numbers are descendants of French, English and Polish, as they emigrated during World War II and the Cold War.

Black Africans were brought as slaves, mostly coastal lowlands, beginning early in the sixteenth century and continuing into the nineteenth century. Other immigrant populations are Asian and Middle East, particularly Lebanon, Syria and the Arab world, some Jews from southern Spain, Israel and Central European nations, East Asians like Chinese and Japanese, Dominicans, Haitians, Cubans, Peruvians, Argentinians, Uruguayans, Chileans, Ecuadorians and Colombians, this being the greatest social impact due to a large number of displaced individuals who entered the Venezuelan territory during the armed conflict in that country; which generated a high supply of labor, personnel and domestic economy informal.

Ethnic-somatic characteristics

Venezuelan people in Canada.

Currently, according to the critic D'Ambrosio and other academics,[21] about 51.6% of Venezuelans are mestizos (called Criollos: the 40% of them are with mostly white features, 20% with mostly black features and 10% with mostly Indians features), 45% are white, 2% are black and 1% Indians.

Notably, according to these scholars, is the fact that virtually there are no pure blacks in Venezuela, including those with the darkest skin, found especially in the area of Barlovento. Most of which being limited to black Venezuelans who descend from recent immigrants. Virtually the same is also said for both white Venezuelans and indigenous Venezuelans.

In addition, according to a genetic autosomal DNA study conducted in 2008 by the University of Brasilia (UNB), the composition of the population of Venezuela is: 60.60% European, 23% of Native American contribution and 16% of Africa's contribution.[12]

Other Languages
español: Venezolanos
euskara: Venezuelar
lietuvių: Venesueliečiai
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Venesuellar
русский: Венесуэльцы
саха тыла: Венесуэлалар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Venezuelanci