Vendôme

Vendôme
Subprefecture and commune
Vendôme (Loir-et-Cher).jpg
Coat of arms of Vendôme
Coat of arms
Vendôme is located in France
Vendôme
Vendôme
Location within Centre-Val de Loire region
Vendôme is located in Centre-Val de Loire
Vendôme
Vendôme
Coordinates: 47°47′37″N 1°03′59″E / 47°47′37″N 1°03′59″E / 47.7936; 1.0664
Elevation76–141 m (249–463 ft)
(avg. 82 m or 269 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Vendôme (French pronunciation: ​[vɑ̃dom]) is a town in central France and is a subprefecture of the department of Loir-et-Cher. It is also the department's third biggest town.

It is one of the main towns along the river Loir. The river divides itself at the entrance of Vendôme, intersecting it into numerous different arms. The town has a rich medieval history and many historical monuments.

History

Façade of Abbaye de la Trinité
Ruins of the castle at Vendôme

Vendôme (in Latin: Vindocinum) appears originally to have been a Gallic oppidum, replaced later by a feudal castle, around which the modern town arose. Christianity was introduced by Saint Bienheuré in the 5th century, and the important abbey of the Trinity (which claimed to possess a tear shed by Jesus at the tomb of Lazarus) was founded about 1030. When the reign of the House of Capet began, Vendôme formed the chief town of a county belonging to Bouchard, called "the Venerable", who died in the monastery of Saint-Maur-des-Fossés in 1007.[1]

The succession passed by various marriages to the houses of Nevers, Preuilly and Montoire. Bouchard VI, Count of Vendôme and Castres (died c. 1374), left as his heiress his sister Catherine, the wife of John of Bourbon, count of La Marche. The county of Vendôme was raised to the rank of a duchy and a peerage of France for Charles of Bourbon (1515); his son Antoine de Bourbon, king of Navarre, was the father of Henry IV, who gave the duchy of Vendôme in 1598 to his illegitimate son César de Bourbon (1594–1665). César, duke of Vendôme, took part in the disturbances which went on in France under the government of Cardinal Richelieu and of Cardinal Mazarin; he was the father of Louis, Duke of Vendôme, who married a niece of Mazarin, and François de Vendôme, Duc de Beaufort. The last of his family in the male line was Louis XIV's famous general, Louis Joseph, duc de Vendôme (1645–1712).[1]

Nominoe, King of Brittany, died undefeated in Vendôme in 851, after conquering the counties of Maine and Anjou.

The comte de Rochambeau, leader of 6,000 French troops in the American Revolutionary War, was born in Vendôme.

Place Vendôme in Paris had been the site of the Hôtel de Vendôme, a mansion which belonged to César de Bourbon, the illegitimate son of Henry IV and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées.

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Vendôme
беларуская: Вандом
български: Вандом
brezhoneg: Vendôme
Cebuano: Vendôme
čeština: Vendôme
Deutsch: Vendôme
Ελληνικά: Βαντόμ
español: Vendôme
Esperanto: Vendôme
euskara: Vendôme
فارسی: وندم
français: Vendôme
한국어: 방돔
italiano: Vendôme
Latina: Vindocinum
magyar: Vendôme
Bahasa Melayu: Vendôme
Nederlands: Vendôme (stad)
norsk nynorsk: Vendôme
occitan: Vendôme
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Vendôme
Piemontèis: Vendôme
polski: Vendôme
português: Vendôme
română: Vendôme
русский: Вандом
Scots: Vendôme
Simple English: Vendôme
slovenčina: Vendôme
slovenščina: Vendôme
ślůnski: Vendôme
suomi: Vendôme
svenska: Vendôme
українська: Вандом
Tiếng Việt: Vendôme
Volapük: Vendôme
Winaray: Vendôme
中文: 旺多姆