Vatican City

Vatican City State

  • Status Civitatis Vaticanae  (Latin)
  • Stato della Città del Vaticano  (Italian)
Anthem: Inno e Marcia Pontificale  (Italian)
"Pontifical Anthem and March"
Location of Vatican City (green) in Europe (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of Vatican City (green)

in Europe (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Vatican City (city-state)
41°54′09″N 12°27′09″E / 41°54′09″N 12°27′09″E / 41.90250; 12.45250
Official languagesItalian[a]
Religion
Catholicism
GovernmentUnitary absolute monarchy[2] under an ecclesiastical[3] and elective[4] theocracy[5]
Holy See
• Sovereign
Francis
Pietro Parolin

Giuseppe Bertello[6]
LegislaturePontifical Commission
Independence from Italy
11 February 1929; 91 years ago
Area
• Total
0.44 km2 (0.17 sq mi) (196th)
Population
• 2017 estimate
1,000[3] (236th)
• Density
2,272/km2 (5,884.5/sq mi) (6th)
CurrencyEuro (€) (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Driving sideright[b]
Calling code+379[c]
ISO 3166 codeVA
Internet TLDhttp://www.vaticanstate.va
286
Inscription1984 (8th session)

Vatican City (ən/ (About this soundlisten)), officially Vatican City State (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano;[d] Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae),[e][f] is an independent city-state[9] enclaved within Rome, Italy. Established with the Lateran Treaty (1929), it is distinct from, yet under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes).[g][10] With an area of 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of about 1,000,[3] it is the smallest sovereign state in the world by both area and population.[11]

The Vatican City is an ecclesiastical[3] or sacerdotal-monarchical[12] state (a type of theocracy) ruled by the pope who is the bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. Since the return of the popes from Avignon in 1377, they have generally resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.

The Holy See dates back to early Christianity, and is the primate episcopal see of the Catholic Church, with 1.3 billion Catholic Christians around the world distributed in the Latin Church and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches. The independent Vatican City-state, on the other hand, came into existence on 11 February 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation,[13] not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870), which had previously encompassed much of central Italy.

Within the Vatican City are religious and cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, and the Vatican Museums. They feature some of the world's most famous paintings and sculptures. The unique economy of Vatican City is supported financially by the sale of postage stamps and souvenirs, fees for admission to museums, and sales of publications.

Name

The name Vatican City was first used in the Lateran Treaty, signed on 11 February 1929, which established the modern city-state named after Vatican Hill, the geographic location of the state. "Vatican" is derived from the name of an Etruscan settlement, Vatica or Vaticum located in the general area the Romans called Ager Vaticanus, "Vatican territory".[14]

The official Italian name of the city is Città del Vaticano or, more formally, Stato della Città del Vaticano, meaning "Vatican City State". Although the Holy See (which is distinct from the Vatican City) and the Catholic Church use Ecclesiastical Latin in official documents, the Vatican City uses Italian. The Latin name is Status Civitatis Vaticanæ;[15][16] this is used in official documents by the Holy See, the Church and the Pope.

Other Languages
Acèh: Vatikan
Адыгэбзэ: Ватикан
Afrikaans: Vatikaanstad
Alemannisch: Vatikan
Ænglisc: Faticanburg
العربية: الفاتيكان
armãneashti: Vatican
arpetan: Vatican
Avañe'ẽ: Táva Vatikáno
авар: Ватикан
azərbaycanca: Vatikan
تۆرکجه: واتیکان
Bali: Vatikan
Bân-lâm-gú: Vaticano
башҡортса: Ватикан
беларуская: Ватыкан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ватыкан
भोजपुरी: वेटिकन सिटी
Bikol Central: Ciudad nin Vaticano
Bislama: Vatican Siti
български: Ватикан
Boarisch: Vatikanstod
bosanski: Vatikan
буряад: Ватикан
Чӑвашла: Ватикан
čeština: Vatikán
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Ciudad del Vaticano
chiShona: Vatican City
Cymraeg: Y Fatican
davvisámegiella: Vatikána
Deutsch: Vatikanstadt
ދިވެހިބަސް: ވެޓިކަން ސިޓީ
dolnoserbski: Vatikańske město
eesti: Vatikan
Ελληνικά: Βατικανό
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Sitê dal Vaticân
Esperanto: Vatikano
estremeñu: Ciá del Vaticanu
eʋegbe: Vatican City
فارسی: واتیکان
Fiji Hindi: Vatican City
føroyskt: Vatikanið
français: Vatican
Fulfulde: Watikan
Gagauz: Vatikan
ГӀалгӀай: Ватикан
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍀𐌰𐍀𐌰𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌳𐍃
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: व्हॅटिकन सिटी
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Vatican
한국어: 바티칸 시국
Hausa: Vatican
Hawaiʻi: Wakikana
հայերեն: Վատիկան
Արեւմտահայերէն: Վատիկան
hornjoserbsce: Vatikanske město
hrvatski: Vatikan
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ভ্যাটিকান সিটি
Bahasa Indonesia: Vatikan
interlingua: Citate Vatican
Interlingue: Vaticano
Ирон: Ватикан
íslenska: Vatíkanið
Jawa: Vatikan
Kabɩyɛ: Fatiikaŋ
kalaallisut: Vatikani
къарачай-малкъар: Ватикан
ქართული: ვატიკანი
kaszëbsczi: Watikan
қазақша: Ватикан
kernowek: Cita Vatikan
Kinyarwanda: Vatikani
Kiswahili: Vatikani
коми: Ватикан
Kongo: Vatican
Kreyòl ayisyen: Vatikan
kurdî: Vatîkan
Кыргызча: Ватикан
لۊری شومالی: ڤاتیکان سیتی
latgaļu: Vatikans
latviešu: Vatikāns
Lëtzebuergesch: Vatikanstad
лезги: Ватикан
lietuvių: Vatikanas
Limburgs: Vaticaanstad
lingála: Vatikáni
Lingua Franca Nova: Site Vatican
Livvinkarjala: Vatikan
magyar: Vatikán
македонски: Ватикан
Malagasy: Vatikàna
Māori: Poho o Pita
მარგალური: ვატიკანი
Bahasa Melayu: Kota Vatikan
Minangkabau: Vatikan
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Vaticano
Mirandés: Baticano
монгол: Ватикан
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဗာတီကန်စီးတီး
Nāhuatl: In Vaticano
Dorerin Naoero: Batikan
Nederlands: Vaticaanstad
Nedersaksies: Vatikaanstad
日本語: バチカン
нохчийн: Ватикан
Nordfriisk: Watikaanstääd
Norfuk / Pitkern: Watikan Citii
norsk nynorsk: Vatikanstaten
Nouormand: Vatican
Novial: Vatikan Urbe
occitan: Vatican
олык марий: Ватикан
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Vatikan shahri
पालि: वैटिकन
Pälzisch: Vatikanstadt
پنجابی: ویٹیکن
Papiamentu: Siudad Vatikano
Patois: Vatikan Siti
Перем Коми: Ватикан
ភាសាខ្មែរ: បុរីវ៉ាទីកង់
Picard: Vatican
Piemontèis: Sità dël Vatican
Plattdüütsch: Vatikaan
polski: Watykan
Ποντιακά: Βατικανό
português: Vaticano
Qaraqalpaqsha: Vatikan
qırımtatarca: Vatikan
Ripoarisch: Vatikan
română: Vatican
romani čhib: Vatican
Runa Simi: Watikanu llaqta
русиньскый: Ватікан
русский: Ватикан
саха тыла: Ватикаан
Gagana Samoa: Aai o Vatikana
संस्कृतम्: वैटिकन
Seeltersk: Vatikoanstääd
shqip: Vatikani
සිංහල: වතිකානුව
Simple English: Vatican City
SiSwati: IVathikhi
slovenčina: Vatikán
slovenščina: Vatikan
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Ватиканъ
ślůnski: Watykůn
Soomaaliga: Faatikan
کوردی: ڤاتیکان
српски / srpski: Ватикан
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Vatikan
Sunda: Vatikan
suomi: Vatikaani
svenska: Vatikanstaten
Taqbaylit: Vatikan
татарча/tatarça: Ватикан
tetun: Vatikanu
тоҷикӣ: Вотикон
Türkçe: Vatikan
Türkmençe: Watikan
удмурт: Ватикан
українська: Ватикан
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ۋاتىكان شەھىرى
Vahcuengh: Vatican
vepsän kel’: Vatikan
Tiếng Việt: Thành Vatican
Volapük: Vatikän
Võro: Vatikan
文言: 梵蒂岡
West-Vlams: Vaticoanstad
Wolof: Watikaa
吴语: 梵蒂冈
Xitsonga: Vatican City
ייִדיש: וואטיקאן
Yorùbá: Ìlú Fatikan
粵語: 梵蒂岡
Zazaki: Vatikan
Zeêuws: Vaticaânstad
žemaitėška: Vatikans
中文: 梵蒂冈
kriyòl gwiyannen: Vatikan