City of Vancouver
Clockwise, from top: Downtown from False Creek, the University of British Columbia, the Lions Gate Bridge, George Wainborn Park and False Creek from Granville Street Bridge, the Burrard Street Bridge, Chinatown's Millenium Gate, totem poles in Stanley Park
Clockwise, from top: Downtown from False Creek, the University of British Columbia, the Lions Gate Bridge, George Wainborn Park and False Creek from Granville Street Bridge, the Burrard Street Bridge, Chinatown's Millenium Gate, totem poles in Stanley Park
Flag of Vancouver
Official logo of Vancouver
Nickname(s): See Nicknames of Vancouver
Motto(s): "By Sea, Land, and Air We Prosper"
Location within Metro Vancouver in British Columbia, Canada
Location within Metro Vancouver in British Columbia, Canada
Vancouver is located in British Columbia
Location within British Columbia
Vancouver is located in Canada
Location within Canada
Vancouver is located in North America
#Location within North America
Coordinates: 49°15′N 123°6′W / 49°15′N 123°6′W / 49.250; -123.100
 • MayorKennedy Stewart
 • City Council
 • MPs (Fed.)
 • MLAs (Prov.)
 • City114.97 km2 (44.39 sq mi)
 • Metro2,878.52 km2 (1,111.40 sq mi)
Elevation0–152 m (0–501 ft)
Population (2016)[2][3]
 • City631,486 (8th)
 • Density5,492.6/km2 (14,226/sq mi)
 • Urban2,264,823[1]
 • Metro2,463,431 (3rd)
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Forward sortation areaV5K - V6T, V6Z, V7X - V7Y
Area codes604, 778, 236
NTS Map092G03
Hwy 1 (TCH)
Hwy 7
Hwy 1A
Hwy 7A
Hwy 99
GDPUS$ 109.8 billion[4]
GDP per capitaUS$44,337[4]
WebsiteCity of Vancouver

Vancouver (ər/ (About this soundlisten)) is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. As the most populous city in the province, the 2016 census recorded 631,486 people in the city, up from 603,502 in 2011. The Greater Vancouver area had a population of 2,463,431 in 2016, making it the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada. Vancouver has the highest population density in Canada with over 5,400 people per square kilometre,[5][6] which makes it the fifth-most densely populated city with over 250,000 residents in North America behind New York City, Guadalajara, San Francisco,[7] and Mexico City according to the 2011 census. Vancouver is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse cities in Canada according to that census; 52% of its residents have a first language other than English.[8][9] Roughly 30% of the city's inhabitants are of Chinese heritage.[10] Vancouver is classed as a Beta global city.

Vancouver is consistently named as one of the top five worldwide cities for livability and quality of life,[11][12]and the Economist Intelligence Unit acknowledged it as the first city ranked among the top-ten of the world's most well-living cities[13]for five consecutive years.[14]Vancouver has hosted many international conferences and events, including the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, UN Habitat I, Expo 86, the World Police and Fire Games in 1989 and 2009; and the 2010 Winter Olympics and Paralympics which were held in Vancouver and Whistler, a resort community 125 km (78 mi) north of the city.[15] In 2014, following thirty years in California, the TED conference made Vancouver its indefinite home. Several matches of the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup were played in Vancouver, including the final at BC Place.[16]

The original settlement, named Gastown, grew up on clearcuts on the west edge of the Hastings Mill logging sawmill's property, where a makeshift tavern had been set up on a plank between two stumps and the proprietor, Gassy Jack, persuaded the curious millworkers to build him a tavern, on July 1, 1867. From that first enterprise, other stores and some hotels quickly appeared along the waterfront to the west. Gastown became formally laid out as a registered townsite dubbed Granville, B.I. ("B.I" standing for "Burrard Inlet"). As part of the land and political deal whereby the area of the townsite was made the railhead of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), it was renamed "Vancouver" and incorporated shortly thereafter as a city, in 1886. By 1887, the Canadian Pacific transcontinental railway was extended westward to the city to take advantage of its large natural seaport to the Pacific Ocean, which soon became a vital link in a trade route between the Orient / East Asia, Eastern Canada, and Europe.[17][18]As of 2014, Port Metro Vancouver is the third-largest port by tonnage in the Americas (recently displacing New York City), 27th in the world,[19] the busiest and largest in Canada, and the most diversified port in North America.[20]While forestry remains its largest industry, Vancouver is well known as an urban centre surrounded by nature, making tourism its second-largest industry.[21]

Major film production studios in Vancouver and nearby Burnaby have turned Greater Vancouver and nearby areas into one of the largest film production centres in North America,[22][23] earning it the nickname "Hollywood North".[24][25][26]


The city takes its name from George Vancouver, who explored the inner harbour of Burrard Inlet in 1792 and gave various places British names.[27] The family name Vancouver itself originates from the Dutch "Van Coevorden", denoting somebody from the city of Coevorden or Koevern in Dutch Low Saxon, Netherlands. The explorer's ancestors came to England "from Coevorden", which is the origin of the name that eventually became "Vancouver".[28][29]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Vancouver
አማርኛ: ቫንኩቨር
Ænglisc: Vancouver
العربية: فانكوفر
aragonés: Vancouver
asturianu: Vancouver
Avañe'ẽ: Vangúve
azərbaycanca: Vankuver
تۆرکجه: ونکوور
Bân-lâm-gú: Vancouver
башҡортса: Ванкувер
беларуская: Ванкувер
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ванкувэр
български: Ванкувър
བོད་ཡིག: ཝན་ཁུ་ཝེར།
bosanski: Vancouver
brezhoneg: Vancouver
català: Vancouver
čeština: Vancouver
corsu: Vancouver
Cymraeg: Vancouver
dansk: Vancouver
Deitsch: Vancouver
Deutsch: Vancouver
eesti: Vancouver
Ελληνικά: Βανκούβερ
español: Vancouver
Esperanto: Vankuvero
euskara: Vancouver
فارسی: ونکوور
føroyskt: Vancouver
français: Vancouver
Frysk: Vancouver
Gàidhlig: Vancouver
galego: Vancouver
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Vancouver
한국어: 밴쿠버
Hausa: Vancouver
हिन्दी: वैंकूवर
hrvatski: Vancouver
Bahasa Indonesia: Vancouver
interlingua: Vancouver
Interlingue: Vancouver
íslenska: Vancouver
italiano: Vancouver
עברית: ונקובר
Basa Jawa: Vancouver
kalaallisut: Vancouver
ქართული: ვანკუვერი
қазақша: Ванкувер
kernowek: Vancouver
Kiswahili: Vancouver
kurdî: Vancouver
Кыргызча: Ванкувер
Ladino: Vancouver
Latina: Vancuverium
latviešu: Vankūvera
Lëtzebuergesch: Vancouver
lietuvių: Vankuveris
lumbaart: Vancouver
magyar: Vancouver
македонски: Ванкувер
Malagasy: Vancouver
മലയാളം: വാൻകൂവർ
مصرى: فانكوفر
Bahasa Melayu: Vancouver
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Vancouver
монгол: Ванкувер
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဗန်ကူးဗားမြို့
Nederlands: Vancouver
нохчийн: Ванкувер
norsk: Vancouver
norsk nynorsk: Vancouver
occitan: Vancouver
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Vankuver (shahar)
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵੈਨਕੂਵਰ
پنجابی: وینکوور
Перем Коми: Ванкувер
ភាសាខ្មែរ: វ៉ាន់ខូវឺ
Picard: Vancouver
Piemontèis: Vancouver
Tok Pisin: Vancouver
polski: Vancouver
português: Vancouver
Qaraqalpaqsha: Vankuver
română: Vancouver
Runa Simi: Vancouver
русский: Ванкувер
саха тыла: Ванкувер
sardu: Vancouver
Scots: Vancouver
shqip: Vancouver
sicilianu: Vancouver
Simple English: Vancouver
slovenčina: Vancouver
slovenščina: Vancouver
ślůnski: Vancouver
Soomaaliga: Vancouver
српски / srpski: Ванкувер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Vancouver
suomi: Vancouver
svenska: Vancouver
Tagalog: Vancouver
татарча/tatarça: Ванкувер
తెలుగు: వాంకోవర్
Türkçe: Vancouver
українська: Ванкувер
اردو: وینکوور
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Wankuwér
vèneto: Vancouver
vepsän kel’: Vankuver
Tiếng Việt: Vancouver
Volapük: Vancouver
文言: 溫哥華
Winaray: Vancouver
Yorùbá: Vancouver
粵語: 溫哥華
中文: 溫哥華