Valladolid

Valladolid
(Valladolid) Ricardo Blázquez visita la Torre Sur de la Catedral 10 (19169822978) (cropped).jpg
Flag of Valladolid
Flag
Coat of arms of Valladolid
Coat of arms
Valladolid is located in Spain
Valladolid
Valladolid
Location of Valladolid within Spain / Castile and León
Valladolid is located in Castile and León
Valladolid
Valladolid
Valladolid (Castile and León)
Coordinates: 41°39′10″N 4°43′25″W / 41°39′10″N 4°43′25″W / 41.65278; -4.72361
Valladolid City Hall in Plaza Mayor, the seat of the City Council of Valladolid.

Valladolid (ə-/, Spanish: [baʎaðoˈlið] (About this soundlisten)) is a city in Spain and the de facto capital of the autonomous community of Castile and León. It has a population of 309,714 people (2013 est.),[2] making it Spain's 13th most populous municipality and northwestern Spain's biggest city. Its metropolitan area ranks 20th in Spain with a population of 414,244 people in 23 municipalities.

The city is situated at the confluence of the Pisuerga and Esgueva rivers 15 km before they join the Duero, and located within five winegrowing regions: Ribera del Duero, Rueda, Toro, Tierra de León, and Cigales. Valladolid was originally settled in pre-Roman times by the Celtic Vaccaei people, and later the Romans themselves. It remained a small settlement until being re-established by King Alfonso VI of Castile as a Lordship for the Count Pedro Ansúrez in 1072. It grew to prominence in the Middle Ages as the seat of the Court of Castile and being endowed with fairs and different institutions as a collegiate church, University (1241), Royal Court and Chancery and the Royal Mint. The Catholic Monarchs, Isabel I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon, married in Valladolid in 1469 and established it as the capital of the Kingdom of Castile and later of united Spain. Christopher Columbus died in Valladolid in 1506, while authors José Zorrilla, Miguel de Cervantes and Francisco de Quevedo lived and worked in the city. The city was briefly the capital of Habsburg Spain under Phillip III between 1601 and 1606, before returning indefinitely to Madrid. The city then declined until the arrival of the railway in the 19th century, and with its industrialisation into the 20th century.

The Old Town is made up of a variety of historic houses, palaces, churches, plazas, avenues and parks, and includes the National Museum of Sculpture, the Museum of Contemporary Art Patio Herreriano or the Oriental Museum, as well as the houses of Zorrilla and Cervantes which are open as museums. Among the events that are held each year in the city are the famous Holy Week, Valladolid International Film Week (Seminci), and the Festival of Theatre and Street Arts (TAC).

Etymology

Vallisoletum, 1574, by Braun and Hogenberg.

There is no direct evidence for the origin of the modern name of Valladolid. One widely held etymological theory suggests that the modern name Valladolid derives from the Celtiberian language expression Vallis Tolitum, meaning "valley of waters", referring to the confluence of rivers in the area. Another theory suggests that the name derives from the Arabic expression Balad al-Walid بلد الوليد, which means "city of al-Walid", referring to Al-Walid I.[3][4] Yet a third claims that it derives from Vallis Olivetum, meaning "valley of the olives"; however, no olive trees are found in that terrain. Instead, in the south part of the city exist an innumerable amount of pine trees. The gastronomy reflect the importance of the piñon (pine nut) as a local product, not olives. In texts from the middle ages the town is called Vallisoletum, meaning "sunny valley", and a person from the town is a Vallisoletano (male), o Vallisoletana (female).

The city is also popularly called Pucela, a nickname whose origin is not clear, but may refer to knights in the service of Joan of Arc, known as La Pucelle. Another theory is that Pucela comes from the fact that Pozzolana cement was sold there, the only city in Spain that sold it.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Valladolid
አማርኛ: ባያዶሊድ
Ænglisc: Valladolid
العربية: بلد الوليد
aragonés: Valladolit
arpetan: Valladolid
asturianu: Valladolid
azərbaycanca: Valyadolid
تۆرکجه: وایادولید
Bân-lâm-gú: Valladolid
беларуская: Вальядалід
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вальядалід
български: Валядолид
bosanski: Valladolid
brezhoneg: Valladolid
català: Valladolid
čeština: Valladolid
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Valladolid
Cymraeg: Valladolid
dansk: Valladolid
Deutsch: Valladolid
eesti: Valladolid
Ελληνικά: Βαγιαδολίδ
español: Valladolid
Esperanto: Valadolido
estremeñu: Valladolís
euskara: Valladolid
فارسی: وایادولید
français: Valladolid
Gaeilge: Valladolid
Gàidhlig: Valladolid
galego: Valladolid
한국어: 바야돌리드
հայերեն: Վալյադոլիդ
hrvatski: Valladolid
Bahasa Indonesia: Valladolid
interlingua: Valladolid
Interlingue: Valladolid
íslenska: Valladolid
italiano: Valladolid
עברית: ואיאדוליד
ქართული: ვალიადოლიდი
қазақша: Вальядолид
kernowek: Valladolid
Kiswahili: Valladolid
Кыргызча: Вальядолид
Ladino: Vayadolid
Latina: Valdoletum
latviešu: Valjadolida
Lëtzebuergesch: Valladolid
lietuvių: Valjadolidas
Ligure: Valladolid
Limburgs: Valladolid
lumbaart: Valladolid
magyar: Valladolid
Malagasy: Valladolid
Bahasa Melayu: Valladolid
монгол: Вальядолид
нохчийн: Вальядолид
norsk: Valladolid
norsk nynorsk: Valladolid
occitan: Valhadolid
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Valyadolid
پنجابی: والاڈولڈ
Piemontèis: Valladolid
polski: Valladolid
português: Valladolid
română: Valladolid
Runa Simi: Valladolid
русский: Вальядолид
संस्कृतम्: वाल्लाडोइड
sardu: Valladolid
Scots: Valladolid
shqip: Valladolid
sicilianu: Valladolid
Simple English: Valladolid
slovenčina: Valladolid
slovenščina: Valladolid
کوردی: ڤایادۆلید
српски / srpski: Ваљадолид
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Valladolid
suomi: Valladolid
svenska: Valladolid
татарча/tatarça: Вальядолид
Türkçe: Valladolid
українська: Вальядолід
اردو: بلدولید
vèneto: Vaładołì
Tiếng Việt: Valladolid
Winaray: Valladolid
粵語: 華拉度列