Valeriano Weyler


Valeriano Weyler

Valeriano Weyler bust.jpg
Governor-General of Cuba
In office
17 January 1896 – 31 October 1897 (1896-01-17 – 1897-10-31)[1]
MonarchAlfonso XIII
Preceded bySabas Marín y González
Succeeded byRamón Blanco y Erenas
Governor-General of the Philippines
In office
5 June 1888 – 17 November 1891 (1888-06-05 – 1891-11-17)
MonarchAlfonso XIII
Preceded byEmilio Terrero y Perinat
Succeeded byEulogio Despujol y Dusay
Other offices
Minister of War
In office
  • 4 December 1906 – 25 January 1907 (1906-12-04 – 1907-01-25);
  • 1 month and 21 days
Preceded byAgustín de Luque y Coca
Succeeded byFrancisco Loño y Pérez
In office
  • 23 June – 1 December 1905 (1905-06-23 – 1905-12-01);
  • 5 months and 8 days
Preceded byVicente Martitegui
Succeeded byAgustín de Luque y Coca
In office
  • 6 March 1901 – 6 December 1902 (1901-03-06 – 1902-12-06);
  • 1 year and 9 months
Preceded byArsenio Linares y Pombo
Succeeded byArsenio Linares y Pombo
Personal details
Born
Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau

(1838-09-17)17 September 1838
Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Died20 October 1930(1930-10-20) (aged 92)
Madrid, Spain
Political partyPartido Liberal
Military service
AllegianceKingdom of Spain
RankGeneral
Commands6th Army Corps
Wars

Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau GE KOGF OCIII LCSF RMOSH (17 September 1838 – 20 October 1930) was a Spanish general and colonial administrator who served as the Governor-General of the Philippines and Cuba. He held the titles of 1st Duke of Rubí, 1st Marquess of Tenerife.[2]

Early life and career

Weyler was born in 1838 in Palma de Mallorca, Spain. His distant paternal ancestors were originally Prussians and served in the Spanish army for several generations.[3] He was educated in his place of birth and in Granada.[4] Weyler decided to enter the Spanish army, being influenced by his father, a military doctor.

He graduated from the Infantry School of Toledo at the age of 16.[4] At 20, Weyler had achieved the rank of lieutenant,[4] and he was appointed the rank of captain in 1861.[5] In 1863, he was transferred to Cuba, and his participation in the campaign of Santo Domingo earned him the Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand.[5] During the Ten Years' War that was fought between 1868 and 1878, he served as a colonel[5] under General Arsenio Martínez Campos, but he returned to Spain before the end of the war to fight against Carlists in the Third Carlist War in 1873.[2] In 1878, he was made general.[4]