Valencian Community

Valencian Community[a]
Autonomous community
Flag of the Valencian Country
Flag
Coat-of-arms of the Valencian Community
Coat of arms
Anthem: Himne de València
"Anthem of Valencia"
Location of the Valencian Community in Spain
Location of the Valencian Community within Spain and Iberia
Coordinates: 39°30′N 0°45′W / 39°30′N 0°45′W / 39.500; -0.750
CountrySpain
CapitalValencia
ProvincesAlicante, Castellón, and Valencia
Government
 • TypeDevolved government in a constitutional monarchy
 • BodyGeneralitat Valenciana
 • PresidentXimo Puig (PSPV-PSOE)
Area
 • Total23,255 km2 (8,979 sq mi)
Area rank8th (4.6% of Spain)
Population (2016)
 • Total4,959,968
 • Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
 • Pop. rank4th (10.4% of Spain)
Demonym(s)Valencian
valencià, -ana (va)

valenciano, -na (es)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166-2VC
Area code+34 96
Official languagesValencian and Spanish
Statute of Autonomy1 July 1982
10 April 2006
Patron SaintVincent Ferrer
ParliamentCorts Valencianes
Congress32 deputies (out of 350)
Senate17 senators (out of 264)
WebsiteGeneralitat Valenciana
1.^ According to the current legislation the official name is in Valencian Comunitat Valenciana.

The Valencian Community,[a], unofficially often called Valencian Country,[a][b] is an autonomous community of Spain. It is the fourth most populous autonomous community after Andalusia, Catalonia and Madrid with more than 4.9 million inhabitants.[3] Its homonymous capital Valencia is the third largest city and metropolitan area in Spain. It is located along the Mediterranean coast on the east side of the Iberian peninsula. It borders with Catalonia to the north, Aragon and Castilla–La Mancha to the west, and Murcia to the south. The Valencian Community consists of three provinces which are Castellón, Valencia and Alicante.

According to its Statute of Autonomy, the Valencian people are a nationality.[4] Their origins date back to the Aragonese-Catalan colonization of the Moorish Taifa of Valencia, which was taken by James I of Aragon in 1238 during the Reconquista. The newly founded Kingdom of Valencia was granted wide self-government under the Crown of Aragon. Valencia experienced its golden age in the 15th century, as it became the Crown's economic capital and contributed with the most important works of Catalan medieval literature. Self-government continued after the unification of the Spanish Kingdom, but was eventually suspended in 1707 by Phillip V of Spain as a result of the Spanish War of Succession. Valencian nationalism resurged towards the end of the 19th century, which led to the modern conception of the Valencian Country. Self-government under the Generalitat Valenciana was finally reestablished in 1982 after Spanish transition to democracy.

Many Valencian people speak Valencian, a variety of the Western Catalan group, standardised by the Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.[5] Valencian is a diglossic language that was repressed during Franco's dicatorship in favour of Spanish. Since it regained official status in 1982, Valencian has been implemented in public administration and the education system, apparently leading to an exponential increase in knowledge of its formal standard.[6] However, its social use continues to decrease in favour of Spanish due to migration from other parts of Spain, Latin-America and Europe.

Etymology

Valencia was founded by the Romans under the name of "Valentia Edetanorum", which translates to 'Valiance (or Courage) of the Land of the Lamb'. With the establishment of the Taifa of Valencia, the name developed to بلنسية‎ (Balansīyah), which eventually became Valencia after the expulsion of the Moors.

Names controversy

"Valencian Community" is the standard translation of the official name in Valencian recognized by the Statute of Autonomy of 1982 (Comunitat Valenciana).[4] This is the name most used in public administration, tourism, the media and Spanish written language. However, the variant of "Valencian Country" (País Valencià) that emphasizes the nationality status of the Valencian people is still the preferred one by left-wing parties, civil associations, Catalan written language and major academic institutions like the University of Valencia.

"Valencian Community" is a neologism that was specifically adopted after democratic transition in order to solve the conflict between two competing names: "Valencian Country" and "Former Kingdom of Valencia".[b] On one hand, "Valencian Country" represented the modern conception of nationality that resurged in the 19th century. It became well-established during the Second Spanish Republic and later on with the works of Joan Fuster in the 1960s, implying the existence of the "Catalan Countries" (Països Catalans). This nationalist subtext was opposed by anti-Catalan blaverists, who proposed "Former Kingdom of Valencia" (Antic Regne de València) instead in order to emphasize Valencian independence from Catalonia. Currently, blaverists have accepted the official denomination.

The autonomous community can be homonymously identified with its capital "Valencia".[7] However, this could be disregarding of the provinces of Alicante and Castellón. Other more anecdotal translations have included "Land of Valencia",[8] "Region of Valencia"[9] and "Valencian Region".[10] The term "Region", however, carries negative connotations among many Valencians because it could deny their nationality status.

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Валенсиэ
العربية: منطقة بلنسية
aragonés: País Valencián
Bân-lâm-gú: Valencia Siā-lí
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Валенсія (аўтаномная супольнасьць)
Esperanto: Valencilando
føroyskt: Valencia
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Valencia Chhṳ-chhṳ-khî
Bahasa Indonesia: Wilayah Valencia
къарачай-малкъар: Валенсия (автоном область)
kernowek: Pow Valensianek
Kreyòl ayisyen: Valence
Bahasa Melayu: Komuniti Valencia
norsk nynorsk: Regionen Valencia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Valencialar mamlakati
Runa Simi: Valencia suyu
sicilianu: Valenza (Spagna)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Valencijska Zajednica
українська: Валенсія (область)
Tiếng Việt: Cộng đồng Valencia
West-Vlams: Valencia (regio)