Pronunciation[valensiˈa, ba-]
Native toSpain
RegionValencia, Murcia (Carche)
See also geographic distribution of Catalan
Native speakers
2.4 million (2004)[1]
Catalan orthography (Latin script)
Official status
Official language in
In Spain: Valencian Community
Regulated byAcadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Extensió del valencià al País Valencià.svg
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Valencian or Valencian language[4] (ən/; Valencian endonym valencià, llengua valenciana or idioma valencià [valensiˈa, ba-])[note 1] is the historical, traditional and official name used in the Valencian Community (Spain), and extra-officially in the El Carche comarca in Murcia (Spain),[5][6][7][8] for referring to the Romance language also known as Catalan.[9][10][11][12][13] The Valencian Community's 1982 Statute of Autonomy and the Spanish Constitution officially recognize Valencian as the regional language.[4]

As a glottonym, it is used for referring either to the language as a whole or to the Valencian specific linguistic forms.[14][15]. According to philological studies, the varieties of this language spoken in the Valencian Community and El Carche cannot be considered a dialect restricted to these borders: the several dialects of Valencian (Alicante's Valencian, Southern Valencian, Central Valencian or Apitxat, Castellón's Valencian and transitional Valencian) belong to the Western group of Catalan dialects.[note 2][note 3][note 4][16][17] Valencian displays transitional features between Ibero-Romance languages and Gallo-Romance languages. Its similarity with Occitan has led many authors to group it under the Occitano-Romance languages.

There is a controversy within the Valencian Community regarding its status as a glottonym or as a language on its own since most people in the Valencian Community consider it as a separate language, different from Catalan.[18][19] According to the 2006 Statute of Autonomy Valencian is regulated by the Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua,[4] by means of the Normes de Castelló.[20] Due to not having been officially recognized for a long time, the number of speakers has severely decreased, and the influence of Spanish has led to the adoption of a huge amount of loanwords.[21]

Some of the most important works of Valencian literature experienced a golden age during the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Important works include Joanot Martorell's chivalric romance Tirant lo Blanch, and Ausiàs March's poetry. The first book produced with movable type in the Iberian Peninsula was printed in the Valencian variety.[22][23] The earliest recorded chess game with modern rules for moves of the queen and bishop was in the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor (1475).

Official status

The official status of Valencian is regulated by the Spanish Constitution and the Valencian Statute of Autonomy, together with the Law of Use and Education of Valencian.

Article 6 of the Valencian Statute of Autonomy sets the legal status of Valencian, providing that:[24]

  • The official language of the Valencian Community is Valencian.[25]
  • Valencian is official within the Valencian Community, along with Spanish, which is the official language nationwide. Everyone shall have the right to know it and use it, and receive education in Valencian.
  • No one can be discriminated against by reason of their language.
  • Special protection and respect shall be given to the recuperation of Valencian.
  • The Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua shall be the normative institution of the Valencian language.

The Law of Use and Education of Valencian develops this framework, providing for implementation of a bilingual educational system, and regulating the use of Valencian in the public administration and judiciary system, where citizens can freely use it when acting before both.

Valencian is recognized under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages as "Valencian".[26]

Other Languages
asturianu: Valencianu
català: Valencià
čeština: Valencijština
corsu: Valenzianu
Deutsch: Valencianisch
estremeñu: Luenga valenciana
euskara: Valentziera
français: Valencien
furlan: Valenzian
galego: Valenciano
ગુજરાતી: વૅલેન્શિયન
한국어: 발렌시아어
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Valencia
interlingua: Valenciano
íslenska: Valensíska
italiano: Valenciano
עברית: ולנסית
Ladino: Valensiano
lumbaart: Valensian
Nederlands: Valenciaans
occitan: Valencian
português: Língua valenciana
Simple English: Valencian language
slovenščina: Valencijanščina
српски / srpski: Valensijanski jezik
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Valencijanski jezik
svenska: Valencianska
Türkçe: Valensiyaca
українська: Валенсійська мова