Pronunciation[valensiˈa] or [ba-]
Native toSpain
RegionValencia, Murcia (Carche)
See also geographic distribution of Catalan
Native speakers
2.4 million (2004)[1]
Catalan orthography (Latin script)
Official status
Official language in
In Spain: Valencian Community
Regulated byAcadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Extensió del valencià al País Valencià.svg
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Valencian (n/ or ən/; endonym: valencià,[4] llengua valenciana, or idioma valencià) is a dialect of Catalan spoken in the Valencian Community, Spain.[5] In the Valencian Community, Valencian is the traditional language and is co-official with Spanish.[6] It is considered different from Catalan by some people of the Valencian Community (including non-speakers).[7][8] Even so, it is not a debatable point, but a linguistically objective fact, that it actually is a Catalan dialect. A standardized form exists, based on the Southern Valencian dialect.

Valencian belongs to the Western group of Catalan dialects.[3] Under the Valencian Statute of Autonomy, the Valencian Academy of the Language (Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua, AVL) has been established as its regulator. The AVL considers Catalan and Valencian to be simply two names for the same language.[9]

Some of the most important works of Valencian literature experienced a golden age during the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Important works include Joanot Martorell's chivalric romance Tirant lo Blanch, and Ausiàs March's poetry. The first book produced with movable type in the Iberian Peninsula was printed in the Valencian variety.[10][11] The earliest recorded chess game with modern rules for moves of the queen and bishop was in the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor (1475).

Official status

The official status of Valencian is regulated by the Spanish Constitution and the Valencian Statute of Autonomy, together with the Law of Use and Education of Valencian.

Article 6 of the Valencian Statute of Autonomy sets the legal status of Valencian, providing that:[12]

  • The official language of the Valencian Community is Valencian.[13]
  • Valencian is official within the Valencian Community, along with Spanish, which is the official language nationwide. Everyone shall have the right to know it and use it, and receive education in Valencian.
  • No one can be discriminated against by reason of their language.
  • Special protection and respect shall be given to the recuperation of Valencian.
  • The Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua shall be the normative institution of the Valencian language.

The Law of Use and Education of Valencian develops this framework, providing for implementation of a bilingual educational system, and regulating the use of Valencian in the public administration and judiciary system, where citizens can freely use it when acting before both.

Valencian is recognized under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages as "Valencian".[14]

Other Languages
العربية: لغة بلنسية
asturianu: Valencianu
català: Valencià
čeština: Valencijština
corsu: Valenzianu
español: Valenciano
estremeñu: Luenga valenciana
euskara: Valentziera
français: Valencien
furlan: Valenzian
galego: Valenciano
ગુજરાતી: વૅલેન્શિયન
한국어: 발렌시아어
interlingua: Valenciano
íslenska: Valensíska
italiano: Valenciano
עברית: ולנסית
Ladino: Valensiano
lumbaart: Valensian
Nederlands: Valenciaans
occitan: Valencian
português: Língua valenciana
Simple English: Valencian language
slovenščina: Valencijanščina
српски / srpski: Valensijanski jezik
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Valencijanski jezik
svenska: Valencianska
Türkçe: Valensiyaca
українська: Валенсійська мова