V6 engine

A V6, 24-valve, DOHC engine

A V6 engine is a V engine with six cylinders mounted on the crankshaft in two banks of three cylinders, usually set at a 60 or 90 degree angle to each other. The V6 is one of the most compact engine configurations, usually ranging from 2.0 L to 4.3 L displacement, and it is shorter than the inline 4. Because of its short length, the V6 fits well in the widely used transverse engine front-wheel drive layout.


The V6 is commercially successful in contemporary mid-size cars because it is less expensive to build and is smoother in large sizes than the inline 4,[citation needed] which develops increasingly serious vibration problems in larger engines. The wider 90° V6 will fit in an engine compartment designed for a V8, providing a low-cost alternative to the V8 in an expensive car, while the narrower 60° V6 will fit in most engine compartments designed for an I4, proving a more powerful and smoother alternative engine to the four. Buyers of luxury and/or performance cars might prefer an inline 6, which has better smoothness, or a flat 6 which has a lower centre of gravity.

Recent forced induction V6 engines have delivered horsepower and torque output comparable to contemporary larger displacement, naturally aspirated V8 engines, while reducing fuel consumption and emissions, such as the Volkswagen Group's 3.0 TFSI which is supercharged and directly injected, and Ford Motor Company's turbocharged and directly injected EcoBoost V6, both of which have been compared to Volkswagen's 4.2 V8 engine.[1]

Modern V6 engines commonly range in displacement from 2.0 to 4.3 L (120 to 260 cu in), though larger and smaller examples have been produced, such as the 1991 Mazda MX3,[2] and the Rover KV6 engine.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: V6-enjin
български: V6 двигател
dansk: V6-motor
español: Motor V6
français: Moteur V6
galego: Motor V6
हिन्दी: V6 इंजन
Bahasa Indonesia: Mesin V6
lietuvių: V6
Bahasa Melayu: Enjin V6
日本語: V型6気筒
norsk: V6-motor
polski: V6 (silnik)
português: Motor V6
Simple English: V6 engine
svenska: V6 (motor)
Türkçe: V6 motor
中文: V6发动机