Víctor Paz Estenssoro

Víctor Paz Estenssoro
Victor Paz Estenssoro 1958.jpg
Víctor Paz Estenssoro in the Netherlands in 1958
53rd, 55th, and 72nd President of Bolivia
In office
6 August 1985 – 6 August 1989
Vice PresidentJulio Garrett Ayllón (1985-1989)
Preceded byHernán Siles Zuazo
Succeeded byJaime Paz Zamora
In office
6 August 1960 – 4 November 1964
Vice PresidentJuan Lechín Oquendo (1960-1964)
René Barrientos (1964)
Preceded byHernán Siles Zuazo
Succeeded byRené Barrientos
In office
16 April 1952 – 6 August 1956
Vice PresidentHernán Siles Zuazo (1952-1956)
Preceded byHernán Siles Zuazo
Succeeded byHernán Siles Zuazo
Personal details
Ángel Víctor Paz Estenssoro

(1907-10-02)2 October 1907
Tarija, Bolivia
Died7 June 2001(2001-06-07) (aged 93)
Tarija, Bolivia
Political partyMNR
Spouse(s)María Teresa Cortés de Paz Estenssoro
Alma materHigher University of San Andrés

Ángel Víctor Paz Estenssoro (2 October 1907 – 7 June 2001) was a Bolivian politician who served as President of Bolivia from 1952 to 1956, 1960 to 1964 and 1985 to 1989. He ran for president eight times (1947, 1951, 1960, 1964, 1978, 1979, 1980 and 1985) and was victorious in 1951, 1960, 1964 and 1985. His 1951 victory was annulled by a military junta led by Hugo Ballivián, and his 1964 victory was interrupted by the 1964 Bolivian coup d'état.

Founding of the MNR and early political years (1941–1952)

In 1941 Víctor Paz Estenssoro co-founded (along with Hernán Siles and others) the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario (Revolutionary Nationalist Movement, MNR), originally a reformist revolutionary movement and later a centrist party. Paz became an influential member in the cabinet of Colonel Gualberto Villarroel (1943–1946), but was forced out of that government as a result of pressure emanating from Washington. The United States was at the time involved in World War II, and suspected some members of the MNR leadership of harboring pro-fascist sympathies. Paz Estenssoro nonetheless ran for president in 1947, earning 3rd place, and again in 1951, when the MNR surprisingly won the electoral contest, despite the fact that the laws of that time confined the vote to a small, propertied stratum of the citizenry. The elections, however, were unilaterally annulled by the ultra-conservative government of Mamerto Urriolagoitía, and the MNR at that point went underground, coming to power after a popular national revolution the next year.

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