Václav Klaus

Václav Klaus
Václav Klaus Praha 2015 (2) (cropped).JPG
2nd President of the Czech Republic
In office
7 March 2003 – 7 March 2013
Prime MinisterVladimír Špidla
Stanislav Gross
Jiří Paroubek
Mirek Topolánek
Jan Fischer
Petr Nečas
Preceded byVáclav Havel
Succeeded byMiloš Zeman
1st Prime Minister of the Czech Republic
In office
1 January 1993 – 2 January 1998
PresidentVáclav Havel
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byJosef Tošovský
3rd Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
17 July 1998 – 20 June 2002
PresidentVáclav Havel
Preceded byMiloš Zeman
Succeeded byLubomír Zaorálek
Leader of the Civic Democratic Party
In office
21 April 1991 – 15 December 2002
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byMirek Topolánek
(Federal part)
In office
2 July 1992 – 1 January 1993
PresidentVáclav Havel
Preceded byPetr Pithart
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
7 June 1990 – 7 March 2003
Minister of Finance of Czechoslovakia
In office
10 December 1989 – 2 July 1992
Prime MinisterMarián Čalfa
Preceded byJan Stejskal
Succeeded byJan Klak
Personal details
Born(1941-06-19) 19 June 1941 (age 76)
Prague, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
(now Czech Republic)
Political partyOF (1989–1991)
ODS (1991–2009)
Independent (2009–present)
Other political
National Council of European Resistance
Spouse(s)Livia Mištinová (1968–present)
Alma materUniversity of Economics, Prague
WebsiteOfficial website

Václav Klaus (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvaːtslaf ˈklaus]; born 19 June 1941) is a Czech economist and politician who served as the second President of the Czech Republic from 2003 to 2013. He also served as the second and last Prime Minister of the Czech Republic, federal subject of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic, from July 1992 until the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in January 1993, and as the first Prime Minister of the newly-independent Czech Republic from 1993 to 1998.

Klaus was the principal co-founder of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), a Czech free-market Eurosceptic political party.[1][2] His presidency was marked by numerous controversies over his strong views on a number of issues, from global warming denial to euroscepticism,[3] and a wide-ranging amnesty declared in his last months of office, triggering his indictment by the Czech Senate on charges of high treason. His political views are often described as "Klausism".

Early life

Klaus was born in Prague during the Nazi occupation, and grew up in the large, then middle-class neighbourhood of Vinohrady. According to Klaus, he helped build barricades during the Prague uprising in May 1945, aged 4.[4]

Klaus studied Economics of Foreign Trade at the University of Economics, Prague, graduating in 1963. He also spent some time at universities in Italy (1966) and at Cornell University in the United States in 1969. He then pursued a postgraduate academic career at the State Institute of Economics of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, which, according to his autobiography, he was forced to leave in 1970.[5]

Soon after that he was employed by the Czechoslovak State Bank, where he held various staff positions from 1971 to 1986, as well as working abroad in various Soviet-aligned countries, usually considered a privilege at the time.[5] In 1987, Klaus joined the Institute for Prognostics of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Václav Klaus
asturianu: Václav Klaus
azərbaycanca: Vatslav Klaus
беларуская: Вацлаў Клаус
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вацлаў Клаўс
български: Вацлав Клаус
català: Václav Klaus
čeština: Václav Klaus
Deutsch: Václav Klaus
dolnoserbski: Václav Klaus
Ελληνικά: Βάτσλαφ Κλάους
español: Václav Klaus
Esperanto: Václav Klaus
euskara: Václav Klaus
français: Václav Klaus
Gaeilge: Václav Klaus
Gàidhlig: Václav Klaus
hornjoserbsce: Václav Klaus
Ilokano: Václav Klaus
Bahasa Indonesia: Václav Klaus
italiano: Václav Klaus
Basa Jawa: Václav Klaus
қазақша: Вацлав Клаус
latviešu: Vāclavs Klauss
Lëtzebuergesch: Václav Klaus
lietuvių: Václav Klaus
lumbaart: Václav Klaus
Nederlands: Václav Klaus
norsk nynorsk: Václav Klaus
occitan: Václav Klaus
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Václav Klaus
português: Václav Klaus
română: Václav Klaus
Runa Simi: Václav Klaus
русский: Клаус, Вацлав
Simple English: Václav Klaus
slovenčina: Václav Klaus
slovenščina: Václav Klaus
српски / srpski: Вацлав Клаус
svenska: Václav Klaus
Türkçe: Václav Klaus
українська: Вацлав Клаус
Tiếng Việt: Václav Klaus
Yorùbá: Václav Klaus