Upper German proper can be generally classified as Alemannic or Bavarian. However, the High Franconian dialects, spoken up to the Speyer line isogloss in the north, are also considered part of the larger Upper German dialect group.
Whether they should be included as part of Upper German or instead classified as Central German is an open question, as they have traits of both Upper and Central German and are frequently described as a transitional zone. Hence, either scheme can be encountered. Erzgebirgisch, usually lumped in with Upper Saxon on geographical grounds, is closer to East Franconian linguistically, especially the western dialects of Erzgebirgisch.
- Alemannic (German: Alemannisch, spoken in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, in the Bavarian region of Swabia, in Switzerland, Liechtenstein, the Austrian state of Vorarlberg and in Alsace, France)
- Bavarian (Bavarian: Boarische Språch, German: Bairisch, spoken in the German state of Bavaria, in Austria, and in South Tyrol, Italy)
- Northern Bavarian (Bavarian: Nordboarisch, German: Nordbairisch, spoken mainly in the Bavarian Upper Palatinate region, numbered 6)
- Central Bavarian (Bavarian: Mittelboarisch, German: Mittelbairisch, spoken mainly in Upper and Lower Bavaria, in Salzburg, Upper and Lower Austria)
- Viennese German (German: Wienerisch, spoken in Vienna and parts of Lower Austria)
- Southern Bavarian (Bavarian: Südboarisch, German: Südbairisch, spoken mainly in the Austrian states of Tyrol, Carinthia and Styria, as well as in South Tyrol, Italy)
- Cimbrian (Cimbrian: Zimbar, German: Tzimbrisch, Italian: Italian: lingua cimbra, spoken in the Seven Communities (formerly also in the Thirteen Communities) in Veneto, and around Luserna (Lusern), Trentino, Italy)
- Mòcheno language (Mòcheno: Bersntoler sproch, Italian: lingua mòchena, German: Fersentalerisch, spoken in the Mocheni Valley, Trentino in Italy)
- Hutterite German (German: Hutterisch, spoken in Canada and the United States)
- High Franconian (German: Hochfränkisch, spoken in the Bavarian Franconia region, as well as in the adjacent regions of northern Baden-Württemberg and southern Thuringia)