University of Maine

The University of Maine
University of Maine seal.png
MottoDirigo (Latin)
Motto in English
I Guide
TypePublic
Flagship
Sea grant
Land grant
Space grant
Established1865
Endowment$293 million (2017)[1]
PresidentSusan J. Hunter
Academic staff
720
Students11,240 (Fall 2017) [2]
Undergraduates9,279 (Fall 2017) [2]
Postgraduates1,961 (Fall 2017) [2]
LocationOrono, Maine, U.S.
44°53′58″N 68°40′05″W / 44°53′58″N 68°40′05″W / 44.8994; -68.6681
CampusRural
ColorsDark blue, Light blue, and White[3]
              
AthleticsNCAA Division IAmerica East, Hockey East, CAA
NicknameBlack Bears
AffiliationsUniversity of Maine System
APLU
UArctic
MascotBlack Bear (Bananas the Bear)
Websitewww.umaine.edu
250   University of Maine Historic District U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. Historic district  Show map of MaineShow map of the USLocation Munson, Sebec, and Schoodic Rds., Orono, MaineArea 660 acres (267.1 ha) (entire campus)13 acres (5.3 ha) (original historic district)57 acres (23 ha) (increased historic district)Built 1868Architect MultipleArchitectural style Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Late Victorian, Other, Greek RevivalNRHP reference # 78000194[4] (original)10000228 (increase)Significant datesAdded to NRHP July 12, 1978Boundary increase April 27, 2010

The University of Maine (UMaine or Maine) is a public research university in Orono, Maine, United States. The university was established in 1865 as a land grant college and is the flagship university of the University of Maine System.[5][6] The University of Maine is one of only a few land, sea and space grant institutions in the nation.

With an enrollment of approximately 11,000 students, UMaine is the state's largest university and the only institution in Maine classified as a research university (RU/H) by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.[7] The University of Maine's athletic teams, nicknamed the Black Bears, are Maine's only Division I athletics program. Maine's men's ice hockey team has won two national championships.

History

Brick Hall (1871), later renamed Oak Hall, burned in 1936

The University of Maine was founded in 1862 as a function of the Morrill Act, signed by President Lincoln. Established in 1865 as the Maine State College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, the Maine College opened on September 21, 1868 and changed its name to the University of Maine in 1897.[8]

By 1871, curricula had been organized in Agriculture, Engineering, and electives. The Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station was founded as a division of the university in 1887. Gradually the university developed the Colleges of Life Sciences and Agriculture (later to include the School of Forest Resources and the School of Human Development), Engineering and Science, and Arts and Sciences. In 1912 the Maine Cooperative Extension, which offers field educational programs for both adults and youths, was initiated. The School of Education was established in 1930 and received college status in 1958. The School of Business Administration was formed in 1958 and was granted college status in 1965. Women have been admitted into all curricula since 1872. The first master's degree was conferred in 1881; the first doctor's degree in 1960. Since 1923 there has been a separate graduate school.[9]

Stevens Hall

Near the end of the 19th century, the university expanded its curriculum to place greater emphasis on liberal arts. As a result of this shift, faculty hired during the early 20th century included Caroline Colvin, chair of the history department and the nation's first woman to head a major university department.[10]

In 1906, The Senior Skull Honor Society was founded to "publicly recognize, formally reward, and continually promote outstanding leadership and scholarship, and exemplary citizenship within the University of Maine community."[11]

On April 16, 1925, 80 women met in Balentine Hall — faculty, alumnae, and undergraduate representatives — to plan a pledging of members to an inaugural honorary organization. This organization was called "The All Maine Women" because only those women closely connected with the University of Maine were elected as members. On April 22, 1925, the new members were inducted into the honor society.[12]

When the University of Maine System was incorporated, in 1968, the school was renamed by the legislature over the objections of the faculty to the University of Maine at Orono. This was changed back to the University of Maine in 1986.[13]

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