United States Pacific Fleet

United States Pacific Fleet
Seal of the Commander of the United States Pacific Fleet.svg
The official seal of the Commander of the United States Pacific Fleet.
Active 1907–present
Allegiance   United States of America
Branch   United States Navy
Type Theater command
Size 250,000 Navy and Marine personnel
2,000 aircraft
200 Ships
Part of United States Pacific Command
Garrison/HQ Pearl Harbor Naval Base
Engagements World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Global War on Terrorism
Commanders
Current
commander
ADM Scott H. Swift
Notable
commanders
James O. Richardson
Husband E. Kimmel
Chester W. Nimitz
Raymond A. Spruance
Cecil D. Haney

The United States Pacific Fleet (USPACFLT) is a Pacific Ocean theater-level component command of the United States Navy that provides naval forces to the United States Pacific Command. Fleet headquarters is at Pearl Harbor Naval Station, Hawaii, with large secondary facilities at North Island, San Diego Bay on the Mainland.

Origins

A Pacific Fleet was created in 1907 when the Asiatic Squadron and the Pacific Squadron were combined. In 1910, the ships of the First Squadron were organized back into a separate Asiatic Fleet. The General Order 94 of 6 December 1922 organized the United States Fleet, with the Battle Fleet as the Pacific presence. Until May 1940, the Battle Fleet was stationed on the west coast of the United States (primarily at San Diego). During the summer of that year, as part of the U.S. response to Japanese expansionism, it was instructed to take an "advanced" position at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Long term basing at Pearl Harbor was so strongly opposed by the commander, Admiral James O. Richardson, that he personally protested in Washington. Political considerations were thought sufficiently important that he was relieved by Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, who was in command at the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor.

The Pacific Fleet was formally recreated on 1 February 1941. On that day General Order 143 split the United States Fleet into separate Atlantic, Pacific, and Asiatic Fleets.

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