United States House of Representatives elections, 2018

United States House of Representatives elections, 2018

← 2016November 6, 20182020 →

All 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives[a]
218 seats needed for a majority
 Majority partyMinority party
 Nancy Pelosi 113th Congress 2013.jpgPaul Ryan 113th Congress.jpg
LeaderNancy PelosiPaul Ryan
Leader sinceJanuary 3, 2003October 29, 2015
Leader's seatCalifornia 12thWisconsin 1st
Last election194241
Seats before193235
Seats won228 (potentially 237)[b]198 (potentially 207)[b]
Seat changeIncrease 35 (potentially 44)Decrease 37 (potentially 28)
Popular vote56,875,237[1]49,344,730[2]

2018 US House Election Results.png
Results (as of November 10, 2018):
     Democratic hold      Democratic gain
     Republican hold      Republican gain
     Uncalled races

Speaker before election

Paul Ryan

Elected Speaker


The 2018 United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 6, 2018, with early voting taking place in some states in the weeks before. Elections were held to elect representatives from all 435 congressional districts across each of the 50 U.S. states. Non-voting delegates from the District of Columbia and four of the five inhabited U.S. territories[c] were also elected. The election for a non-voting delegate from the Northern Mariana Islands has been postponed until Tuesday, November 13, 2018, due to the impact of Typhoon Yutu.[3]

The winners of this election will serve in the 116th United States Congress, with seats apportioned among the states based on the 2010 United States Census. Republicans have held a House majority since January 2011 (see 2010 results), although they lost five seats in the 2016 elections and another in special elections leading up to the 2018 election.

The midterm elections took place nearly halfway through Republican President Donald Trump's first term. The 2018 Senate elections, 2018 gubernatorial elections, and many state and local elections were also held on this date. Election night results projected that the Democrats gained at least 30 seats, giving them the majority of the House. According to the New York Times, nine races are still too close to call. The Democrats picked up at least 32 seats, their best performance since the 1974 elections.[4][5]

Incumbents defeated

In primary elections

Democratic Party

Three Democrats (including one non-voting Delegate) lost renomination:

  1. Guam at-large: Delegate Madeleine Bordallo lost renomination to Michael San Nicolas (D), who then won the general election.[6][7]
  2. Massachusetts 7: Mike Capuano lost renomination to Ayanna Pressley (D), who then won the general election.
  3. New York 14: Joe Crowley lost renomination to Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D), who then won the general election.

Republican Party

Two Republicans lost renomination:

  1. North Carolina 9: Robert Pittenger lost renomination to Mark Harris (R), who then won the general election.
  2. South Carolina 1: Mark Sanford lost renomination to Katie Arrington (R), who then lost the general election.

In the general election


24 Republicans lost reelection to Democrats:

Seat lost to a Democratic incumbent
  1. Pennsylvania 17: Keith Rothfus lost a redistricting race to Conor Lamb.
Seat lost to a Democratic challenger
  1. California 10: Jeff Denham lost to Josh Harder.
  2. California 25: Steve Knight lost to Katie Hill.
  3. California 48: Dana Rohrabacher lost to Harley Rouda.
  4. Colorado 6: Mike Coffman lost to Jason Crow.
  5. Florida 26: Carlos Curbelo lost to Debbie Mucarsel-Powell.
  6. Georgia 6: Karen Handel lost to Lucy McBath.
  7. Illinois 6: Peter Roskam lost to Sean Casten.
  8. Illinois 14: Randy Hultgren lost to Lauren Underwood.
  9. Iowa 1: Rod Blum lost to Abby Finkenauer.
  10. Iowa 3: David Young lost to Cindy Axne.
  11. Kansas 3: Kevin Yoder lost to Sharice Davids.
  12. Michigan 8: Mike Bishop lost to Elissa Slotkin.
  13. Minnesota 2: Jason Lewis lost to Angie Craig.
  14. Minnesota 3: Erik Paulsen lost to Dean Phillips.
  15. New Jersey 7: Leonard Lance lost to Tom Malinowski.
  16. New York 11: Dan Donovan lost to Max Rose.
  17. New York 19: John Faso lost to Antonio Delgado.
  18. Oklahoma 5: Steve Russell lost to Kendra Horn.
  19. Texas 7: John Culberson lost to Lizzie Fletcher.
  20. Texas 32: Pete Sessions lost to Colin Allred.
  21. Virginia 2: Scott Taylor lost to Elaine Luria.
  22. Virginia 7: Dave Brat lost to Abigail Spanberger.
  23. Virginia 10: Barbara Comstock lost to Jennifer Wexton.