United Socialist Party of Venezuela

United Socialist Party of Venezuela

Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela
PresidentNicolás Maduro
Vice PresidentDiosdado Cabello
FounderHugo Chávez[1]
Founded24 March 2007; 11 years ago (2007-03-24)
Preceded byFifth Republic Movement
HeadquartersMariperez, Caracas
NewspaperCuatro F
Youth wingUnited Socialist Party of Venezuela Youth
Membership (2014)7,632,606[2]
IdeologyBolivarianism
Chavismo
Left-wing populism[3][4]
Marxism
Socialism of the 21st century
Political positionLeft-wing[5][6] to far-left[7]
National affiliationGreat Patriotic Pole
International affiliationNone
Regional affiliationCOPPPAL,
São Paulo Forum
Colors     Red
AnthemPeople's Hour
(composed by Gustavo Arreaza)
Seats in the National Assembly
52 / 167
Seats in the Latin American Parliament
4 / 12
psuv.org.ve

The United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Spanish: Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV) is a socialist political party in Venezuela which resulted from the fusion of some of the political and social forces that support the Bolivarian Revolution led by the late President Hugo Chávez. It has approximately 7.6 million members as of 2014.[2] PSUV held primary elections on 2 May 2010 for candidates to the National Assembly election in September, with 2,568,090 members voting.[8]

At the 2015 parliamentary election, PSUV lost its majority in the National Assembly for the first time since the unicameral legislature's creation in 2000 against the Democratic Unity Roundtable, earning 55 out of the National Assembly's 167 seats.[9]

History

The process of merging most of the unidentified parties involved in the pro-Bolivarian Revolution coalition was initiated by Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez after he won the Venezuelan presidential election of 2006.[10] The process was led by Chávez' own party, the Fifth Republic Movement, and was supported by a range of smaller parties such as the People's Electoral Movement (MEP), Venezuelan Popular Unity (UPV), the Tupamaro Movement, the Socialist League and others [11] which all together added up 45.99% of the votes received by Chávez during the 2006 election.[12] Other pro-Bolivarian parties like the Communist Party of Venezuela (Partido Comunista de Venezuela, PCV),[13] Fatherland for All (Patria Para Todos, PPT)[14] and For Social Democracy (PODEMOS),[15] that cast 14.60% of the votes from that election, declined to join the new party.

On 7 March 2007, Chávez presented a phased plan for founding the new party until November 2007.[16] PODEMOS, PPT and PCV initially stated they would wait until PSUV had been founded and decide their membership in the new party based on its program.[17] On 18 March 2007, Chávez declared on his programme Aló Presidente that he had "opened the doors for Podemos, Patria Para Todos, and the Communist Party of Venezuela if they want to go away from Chávez´s alliance, they may do so and leave us in peace". In his opinion, those parties were near to be on the opposition and they should choose wisely, between going "in silence, hugging us or throwing stones".[18] PPT, at its 2007 congress on 10 and 11 April, decided not to join but re-affirmed its support for Chávez and the Bolivarian Revolution.[19]

Parties joining PSUV Parties not joining PSUV
Fifth Republic Movement (MVR) For Social Democracy (PODEMOS)
People's Electoral Movement (MEP)[20] Fatherland for All (PPT)
Everybody Wins Independent Movement (MIGATO) Communist Party of Venezuela (PCV)
Venezuelan Popular Unity (UPV)[21] Revolutionary Middle Class (CMR)
Revolutionary Movement Tupamaro (MRT)[22] Emergent People (GE)
Socialist League (LS)[23] Action Networks of Communitary Change (REDES)
Movement for Direct Democracy (MDD)[24] Communitary Patriotic Unity (UPC)
Union Party[25] New People Concentration Movement (MCGN)
Militant Civic Movement (MCM)[26] Active Democracy National Organization (ONDA)
Action Force of Base Coordination (FACOBA) National Independent Movement (MNI)
Independents for the National Community (IPCN)[27] Labor Power (PL)
Venezuelan Revolutionary Currents (CRV)

The party held its founding congress in early 2008,[28] from 12 January to 2 March, with 1681 delegates participating.[29] Chávez was proclaimed President of the new party on 14 March.[29]

As of 2014, the party has been described as "fracturing" and "weakening" due to the loss of Hugo Chávez, the poor state of Venezuela's economy and falling oil prices.[30] Internal issues also appeared in the party, with an email address and telephone hotline created to report "internal enemies".[30] In 23 November PSUV elections, it was reported by party dissidents that very few individuals participated, with less than 10% of the supposedly 7.6 million members casting a vote.[30]

Other Languages
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jedinstvena socijalistička partija Venezuele