United Nations Security Council Resolution 1701

UN Security Council
Document)
SubjectThe situation in the Middle East
Voting summary
15 voted for
None voted against
None abstained
ResultAdopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
Non-permanent members

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1701 is a resolution that was intended to resolve the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict.

It was unanimously approved by the United Nations Security Council on 11 August 2006. The Lebanese cabinet unanimously approved the resolution on 12 August 2006. On the same day, Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah said that his militia would honor the call for a ceasefire. He also said that once the Israeli offensive stops, Hezbollah's rocket attacks on Israel would stop. On 13 August the Israeli Cabinet voted 24–0 in favor of the resolution, with one abstention. The ceasefire began on Monday, 14 August 2006 at 8 AM local time, after increased attacks by both sides.

In the UN's 2015 report on the matter, it states that:

The situation in the area of operations of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) and along the Blue Line remained generally calm, despite the tense regional context and following the serious breach of the cessation of hostilities between Lebanon and Israel on 28 January. Overall, despite escalatory rhetoric on both sides, the Lebanese and Israeli authorities displayed resolve to maintain calm along the Blue Line, continued to engage constructively with UNIFIL through the established liaison and coordination arrangements and reaffirmed their commitment to the implementation of resolution 1701 (2006). There was no progress, however, on their outstanding obligations under the resolution and no movement towards a permanent ceasefire.[1]

Resolution

The resolution calls for:[2]

  • Full cessation of hostilities (OP1)
  • Israel to withdraw all of its forces from Lebanon in parallel with Lebanese and UNIFIL soldiers deploying throughout the South (OP2)
  • A long term solution based on (OP8)
    • Disarmament of all armed groups in Lebanon (implying Hezbollah)
    • No armed forces other than UNIFIL and Lebanese (implying Hezbollah and Israeli forces) will be south of the Litani River
    • No foreign forces in Lebanon without the consent of its government
    • Provision to the United Nations of all maps of land mines in Lebanon in Israel's possession

The Resolution at the same time also emphasizes:[2]

  • The importance of full control of Lebanon by the government of Lebanon (OP3)
  • The need to address urgently the unconditional release of the abducted Israeli soldiers, that have given rise to the current crisis.

The resolution also reiterates the Security Council's strong support for

  • Full respect for the Blue Line (OP 4)
  • The territorial integrity, sovereignty and political independence of Lebanon within its internationally recognized borders (OP 5)
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