Unitary state

  Unitary states
The pathway of regional integration or separation

A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. The majority of states in the world have a unitary system of government. Of the 193 UN member states, 165 are governed as unitary states.

In a unitary state, sub-national units are created and abolished (an example being the 22 mainland regions of France being merged into 13), and their powers may be broadened and narrowed, by the central government. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to local governments by statute, the central government remains supreme; it may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail their powers.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is an example of a unitary state. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have a degree of autonomous devolved power, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution ( England does not have any devolved power). [1] Many unitary states have no areas possessing a degree of autonomy. [2] In such countries, sub-national regions cannot decide their own laws. Examples are the Republic of Ireland and the Kingdom of Norway. [3] In federal states, the sub-national governments share powers with the central government as equal actors through a written constitution, to which the consent of both is required to make amendments. This means that the sub-national units have a right of existence and powers that cannot be unilaterally changed by the central government.

Unitary states are contrasted with federations. An example of a federation is the United States. Under the U.S. Constitution, powers are shared between the federal government and the states. The Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution reserves powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution to the States [4]; however, in practice, the federal government's ability to deny funding of federal programs to non-compliant states is a powerful method of persuasion. [5]

List of unitary states

Italics: States with limited recognition

Unitary republics

Unitary monarchies

5 largest unitary states by nominal GDP

5 largest unitary states by population

5 largest unitary states by area

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Einheitsstaat
العربية: دولة مركزية
asturianu: Estáu xunitariu
azərbaycanca: Unitar dövlət
català: Centralisme
čeština: Unitární stát
dansk: Enhedsstat
Deutsch: Einheitsstaat
Ελληνικά: Ενιαίο κράτος
español: Estado unitario
Esperanto: Unueca ŝtato
français: État unitaire
한국어: 단일 국가
Bahasa Indonesia: Negara kesatuan
italiano: Stato unitario
latviešu: Unitāra valsts
македонски: Унитарна држава
монгол: Нэгдмэл улс
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ပြည်ထောင်စုစနစ်
Nederlands: Eenheidsstaat
日本語: 単一国家
norsk: Enhetsstat
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Unitar davlat
português: Estado unitário
română: Stat unitar
Simple English: Unitary state
slovenčina: Unitárny štát
српски / srpski: Унитарна држава
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Unitarna država
Basa Sunda: Nagara kahijian
svenska: Enhetsstat
Türkçe: Üniter devlet
Türkmençe: Unitar döwlet
українська: Унітарна держава
中文: 单一制