UM Airlines Flight 4230

UM Airlines Flight 4230
Yakovlev Yak-42D, UM Air AN2343397.jpg
The aircraft involved in the crash, seen here at Antalya Airport in 2001
Accident summary
Date 26 May 2003
Summary CFIT due to pilot fatigue
Passengers 62
Crew 13
Fatalities 75 (all)
Survivors 0 (none)
Aircraft type Yakovlev Yak-42
Operator UM Airlines
Registration UR-42352
Flight origin Manas International Airport Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Stopover Trabzon Airport, Trabzon, Turkey
Destination Zaragoza Airport, Zaragoza, Spain

UM Airlines Flight 4230 was a chartered international passenger flight which was flying from Manas International Airport, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan to Zaragoza Airport, Spain. The Yakovlev Yak-42D, operated by Ukrainian UM Airlines, tried to land to Trabzon Airport for refuel, but because of the dense fog, the cockpit lost its visual and slammed into a mountain near Maçka, Trabzon, Turkey. [1]

All 13 crew and 62 passengers were killed in the crash. It remains the third-worst crash in Turkish aviation history. [2] The aircraft was carrying Spanish peacekeeping troops back from Afghanistan.


The UM Airlines Yakovlev Yak-42 was a chartered aircraft being used to transport Spanish troops after a four-month peacekeeping tour of Afghanistan. The final destination was Zaragoza Airport but the aircraft attempted to stopover at Trabzon Airport in Turkey, in order to refuel. The aircraft crashed into the side of a mountain near the town of Maçka, 15 miles (24 km) from Trabzon, on its third attempt to land in dense fog. [3] The pilot had stated that he could not see the runway; visibility was less than 10 metres (33 ft). [1]

All crew and passengers were killed in the impact. The troops on board comprised 41 members of the army and 21 members of the air force. [4] The aircraft was also carrying ammunition; explosions after the crash distributed the wreckage over a large area. [5]