Twenty-sixth Dynasty of Egypt

Egypt
664 BC–525 BC
CapitalSais
Common languagesEgyptian language
Religion Ancient Egyptian religion
GovernmentMonarchy
Pharaoh 
• 664–610 BC
Psamtik I (first)
• 526–525 BC
Psamtik III (last)
History 
• Established
664 BC
• Disestablished
525 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt
Twenty-seventh Dynasty of Egypt
See also: List of Pharaohs by Period and Dynasty

The Twenty-sixth Dynasty of Egypt (notated Dynasty XXVI, alternatively 26th Dynasty or Dynasty 26) was the last native dynasty to rule Egypt before the Persian conquest in 525 BC (although others followed). The dynasty's reign (664–525 BC) is also called the Saite Period after the city of Sais, where its pharaohs had their capital, and marks the beginning of the Late Period of ancient Egypt.[1]

History

This dynasty traced its origins to the Twenty-fourth Dynasty. Psamtik I was probably a descendant of Bakenranef, and following the Neo-Assyrian Empire's invasions during the reigns of Taharqa and Tantamani, he was recognized as sole king over all of Egypt. While the Neo-Assyrian Empire was preoccupied with revolts and civil war over control of the throne, Psamtik threw off his ties to the Assyrians circa 655 BC, formed alliances with King Gyges of Lydia, and recruited mercenaries from Caria and ancient Greece to resist Assyrian attacks.

With the sack of Nineveh in 612 BC and the fall of the Assyrian Empire, both Psamtik and his successors attempted to reassert Egyptian power in the Near East, but were driven back by the Neo-Babylonian Empire under Nebuchadnezzar II. With the help of Greek mercenaries, Apries was able to hold back Babylonian attempts to conquer Egypt, only for the Persians to eventually do so. Their king, Cambyses II, captured and later executed Psamtik III.

Other Languages
čeština: 26. dynastie
русский: XXVI династия
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dvadeset šesta dinastija Egipta