|3 million (Rwanda and Burundi)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Related ethnic groups|
The Tutsi (
Tutsis are the second largest population division among the three largest groups in Rwanda and Burundi; the other two being the
The definitions of "Hutu" and "Tutsi" people may have changed through time and location. Social structures were not stable throughout Rwanda, even during
When the Belgian colonists conducted censuses, they wanted to identify the people throughout Rwanda-Burundi according to a simple classification scheme. They defined "Tutsi" as anyone owning more than ten cows (a sign of wealth) or with the physical feature of a longer nose, or longer neck, commonly associated with the Tutsi.
The Belgians believed that some Tutsis had facial characteristics that were generally atypical of other
By contrast, the Belgians considered the majority Hutu to be characteristic Bantu people of Central African origin.
Tutsis have lived in the areas where they are for 400–500 years, leading to considerable intermarriage with the Hutu, a Bantu people in the area. To note the names Hutu and Bantu are not the same. Due to the history of intermingling and intermarrying of Hutus and Tutsis, ethnographers and historians have lately come to agree that Hutu and Tutsis cannot be properly called distinct ethnic groups.