Tutsi

Tutsi
Abatutsi, Imfure, Wahuma, Wahima, Watutsi, Wahinda
Total population
2.5 million (Rwanda and Burundi)
Regions with significant populations
Rwanda, Uganda, Burundi, Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Languages
Rwanda-Rundi, French, English
Religion
Christianity, Islam
Related ethnic groups
Hutu

The Tutsi ( i/; [1] Rwanda-Rundi pronunciation:  [tūtsī]), or Abatutsi, are an ethnic group inhabiting the African Great Lakes region. Historically, they were often referred to as the Watutsi, [2] Watusi, [2] Wahuma, Wahima or the Wahinda. The Tutsi form a subgroup of the Banyarwanda and the Barundi peoples, who reside primarily in Rwanda and Burundi, but with significant populations also found in Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania. [3] They speak Rwanda-Rundi, a group of Bantu languages.

The Tutsi are the second largest population division among the three largest groups in Rwanda and Burundi; the other two being the Hutu (largest) and the Twa (smallest). Small numbers of Hema, Kiga and Furiiru people also live near the Tutsi in Rwanda. The Northern Tutsi who reside in Rwanda are called Ruguru (Banyaruguru), [4] while southern Tutsi that live in Burundi are known as Hima, and the Tutsi that inhabit the Kivu plateau in the Congo go by Banyamulenge. [5]

Origins and classification

Charles, a Tutsi man.

The definitions of "Hutu" and "Tutsi" people may have changed through time and location. Social structures were not stable throughout Rwanda, even during colonial times under the Belgian rule. The Tutsi aristocracy or elite was distinguished from Tutsi commoners, and wealthy Hutu were often indistinguishable from upper-class Tutsi.

When the European colonists conducted censuses, they wanted to identify the people throughout Rwanda-Burundi according to a simple classification scheme. They defined "Tutsi" as anyone owning more than ten cows (a sign of wealth) or with the physical feature of a longer nose, or longer neck, commonly associated with the Tutsi.

The Europeans believed that some Tutsis had facial characteristics that were generally atypical of other Bantus. They sought to explain these purported divergent physical traits by postulating admixture with or partial descent from migrants of Caucasoid stock, who usually were said to have arrived in the Great Lakes region from the Horn of Africa and/or North Africa. [6] [7]

By contrast, the Europeans considered the majority Hutu to be characteristic Bantu people of Central African origin.

The Tutsi have lived in the areas where they are for 400–500 years, leading to considerable intermarriage with the Hutu, a Bantu people in the area. To note the names Hutu and Bantu are not the same. Due to the history of intermingling and intermarrying of Hutus and Tutsis, ethnographers and historians have lately come to agree that Hutu and Tutsis cannot be properly called distinct ethnic groups. [8] [9]

Other Languages
العربية: توتسي
asturianu: Tutsi
বাংলা: টুট্‌সি
беларуская: Тутсі
български: Тутси
català: Tutsis
čeština: Tutsiové
Cymraeg: Tutsi
dansk: Tutsier
Deutsch: Tutsi
eesti: Tutsid
Ελληνικά: Τούτσι
español: Tutsi
Esperanto: Tucioj
euskara: Tutsi
فارسی: توتسی
français: Tutsis
한국어: 투치족
Հայերեն: Տուտսի
hrvatski: Tutsi
Bahasa Indonesia: Tutsi
italiano: Tutsi
עברית: טוטסי
ქართული: ტუტსი (ხალხი)
Kinyarwanda: Abatutsi
Latina: Tutsienses
lietuvių: Tutsiai
Bahasa Melayu: Tutsi
Nederlands: Tutsi
日本語: ツチ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਤੁਤਸੀ
پنجابی: تُتسی لوک
polski: Tutsi
português: Tútsis
русский: Тутси
Scots: Tutsi
Simple English: Tutsi
Soomaaliga: Tutsi
српски / srpski: Тутси
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tutsi
suomi: Tutsit
svenska: Tutsier
Türkçe: Tutsiler
українська: Тутсі
Tiếng Việt: Người Tutsi
Yorùbá: Tutsi
中文: 图西族