Turia (river)

Turia
Guadalaviar
RTuria1 Benaguasil.jpg
View of Turia River near Benaguasil
Location
CountrySpain Spain
RegionAragon
Castilla-La Mancha
Valencian Community
DistrictProvince of Teruel
Province of Cuenca
Province of Valencia
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationMontes Universales, Aragon, Spain
 - elevation1,680 m (5,510 ft)
Mouth 
 - locationMediterranean Sea in Valencia, Province of Valencia, Valencian Community, Spain
 - elevation0 m (0 ft)
Length280 km (170 mi)
Basin size6,393.6 km2 (2,468.6 sq mi)
The Turia River near its source in the Montes Universales in the stretch known as Guadalaviar River until Teruel city.
A view of the river as it passes through the Albarracín Mountains.

The Turia or Túria (Valencian: Riu Túria [ˈriw ˈtuɾia]; Spanish: Río Turia [ˈri.o ˈtuɾja]; Latin: Turia) is a Spanish river which has its source in the Montes Universales in the mountain ranges of the northwesternmost end of the Sistema Ibérico, Teruel province. From its source to roughly the city of Teruel, it is called Guadalaviar river. It runs through the provinces of Teruel, Cuenca and Valencia, and discharges into the Mediterranean sea near the city of Valencia.

Diversion Project

The river is famous for its floods. The flood which occurred on 14 October 1957, known as the Great Flood of Valencia, flooded large part of the city of Valencia, and produced a great deal of damage to both life and property. To prevent this from happening in the future, a diversion project was devised (Plan Sur de Valencia), completed in 1969, and the river was divided in two at the western city limits. During floods, most of the water is diverted southwards along a new course that skirts the city, until it meets the Mediterranean.[1] The old course of the river has been turned into a central green-space for the city, a cultural attraction known as the garden of the Turia.

Not unlike the LA River man-made diversion channel south of the city is often found dry, since water primarily flows during periods of flooding. Under ordinary flow rates the waters are directed through irrigation channels to help cultivate the fertile plain of Valencia. Throughout history the water of the River Turia has been used to irrigate the region. In modern times, a complex network of irrigation has been created, with the main axis centred on the diversion project.[2] Beyond irrigation, these channels also take runoff and surplus waters from the Turia to the wetlands and marshes around Valencia.

Other Languages
aragonés: Río Guadalaviar
تۆرکجه: توریا چایی
català: Túria
čeština: Turia
Deutsch: Turia
Ελληνικά: Γκουαδαλαβιάρ
español: Turia
Esperanto: Turia (rivero)
euskara: Turia
français: Turia
galego: Río Turia
հայերեն: Տուրիա (գետ)
italiano: Turia (fiume)
ქართული: ტურია
қазақша: Турия
lietuvių: Turija
Nederlands: Turia
日本語: トゥリア川
norsk nynorsk: Turia
português: Rio Túria
русский: Турия (река)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Turia (rijeka)
svenska: Turia
Tagalog: Ilog Túria