Trip hop

Trip hop (sometimes used synonymously with "downtempo")[3] is a musical genre that originated in the early 1990s in the United Kingdom, especially Bristol.[4] It has been described as "a fusion of hip hop and electronica until neither genre is recognizable",[5] and may incorporate a variety of styles, including funk, dub, soul, psychedelia, R&B, and house, as well as other forms of electronic music.[6] Trip hop can be highly experimental.[6]

Deriving from later idioms of acid house,[6] the term was first used by the British music media to describe the more experimental variant of breakbeat emerging from the Bristol Sound scene in the early 1990s, which contained influences of soul, funk, and jazz.[6][7] It was pioneered by acts like Massive Attack, Tricky, and Portishead. Trip hop achieved commercial success in the 1990s, and has been described as "Europe's alternative choice in the second half of the '90s."[6]


Common musical aesthetics include a bass-heavy drumbeat, often providing the slowed down break beat samples similar to standard 1990's Hip Hop beats, giving the genre a more psychedelic and mainstream feel. Vocals in trip hop are often female and feature characteristics of various singing styles including R&B, jazz and rock. The female-dominant vocals of trip hop may be partially attributable to the influence of genres such as jazz and early R&B, in which female vocalists were more common. However, there are notable exceptions - Massive Attack and Groove Armada collaborates with male & female vocalists, Tricky often features vocally in his own productions along with Martina Topley-Bird, and Chris Corner provided vocals for later albums with Sneaker Pimps.

Trip hop is also known for its melancholy sound. This may be partly due to the fact that several acts were inspired by post-punk bands; Tricky and Massive Attack both covered and sampled songs of Siouxsie and the Banshees[8][9] and The Cure.[10][11] Tricky opened his second album Nearly God by a version of "Tattoo", a proto-trip-hop song of Siouxsie and the Banshees initially recorded in 1983.[12]

Trip hop tracks often incorporate Rhodes pianos, saxophones, trumpets, and flutes, and may employ unconventional instruments such as the theremin and Mellotron. Trip hop differs from hip hop in theme and overall tone. Instead of gangsta rap with its hard-hitting lyrics, trip hop offers a more aural atmospherics with instrumental hip hop, turntable scratching, and breakbeat rhythms. Regarded in some ways as a 1990s update of fusion, trip hop may be said to "transcend" the hardcore rap styles and lyrics with atmospheric overtones to create a more mellow tempo.[13]

Other Languages
беларуская: Трып-хоп
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Трып-гоп
български: Трип-хоп
català: Trip hop
čeština: Trip hop
dansk: Trip hop
Deutsch: Trip-Hop
Ελληνικά: Τριπ χοπ
español: Trip hop
فارسی: تریپ هاپ
français: Trip hop
한국어: 트립합
հայերեն: Թրիփ֊հոփ
hrvatski: Trip hop
íslenska: Trip hop
italiano: Trip hop
עברית: טריפ הופ
ქართული: ტრიპ-ჰოპი
latviešu: Triphops
Lëtzebuergesch: Trip-Hop
lietuvių: Trip-hop
lumbaart: Trip hop
Nederlands: Triphop
norsk: Trip hop
polski: Trip hop
português: Trip hop
русский: Трип-хоп
Scots: Trip hop
sicilianu: Trip Hop
Simple English: Trip hop
slovenčina: Trip-hop
slovenščina: Trip hop
српски / srpski: Трип хоп
suomi: Trip hop
svenska: Triphop
Türkçe: Trip hop
українська: Трип-хоп
中文: 神遊舞曲