Tringa

Tringa
Common Greenshank & Common Redshank.jpg
Common greenshank (Tringa nebularia) and common redshank (Tringa totanus) at Cuckmere Haven, Sussex, England
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Scolopacidae
Genus:Tringa
Linnaeus, 1758
Species

13, see text

Synonyms
  • Catatrophorus Jardine, 1849 (unjustified emendation)
  • Catoptophorus Des Murs, 1854 (unjustified emendation)
  • Catoptrophonus Gray, 1871 (unjustified emendation)
  • Catoptrophorus Bonaparte, 1827
  • Catorthrophorus Brehm, 1855 (unjustified emendation)
  • Catroptophorus Giebel, 1877 (unjustified emendation)
  • Helodromas
  • Heteroscelus Baird, 1858
  • Pseudototanus
  • Rhyacophilus Kaup, 1829
  • Rhyacophorus Bonaparte, 1842 (unjustified emendation)
  • Rhyacophylus Lillo, 1905 (unjustified emendation)
  • Rhynchophilus Bonaparte, 1856 (unjustified emendation)
  • Rhyncophilus Des Murs, 1854 (unjustified emendation)
  • Rhyocophilus Bonaparte, 1854 (unjustified emendation)
  • Totanus Bechstein, 1803
  • Trynga Möhring, 1758 (suppressed)

Tringa is a genus of waders, containing the shanks and tattlers. The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle.[1]

They are mainly freshwater birds, often with brightly coloured legs as reflected in the English names of six species, as well as the specific names of two of these and the green sandpiper. They are typically associated with northern hemisphere temperate regions for breeding. Some of this group—notably the green sandpiper—nest in trees, using the old nests of other birds, usually thrushes.

The willet and the tattlers have been found to belong in Tringa; these genus changes were formally adopted by the American Ornithologists' Union in 2006.[2]

The present genus in the old, more limited sense was even further subdivided into Tringa proper and Totanus, either as subgenera or as full genera. The available DNA sequence data suggests however that neither of these is monophyletic and that the latter simply lumps together a number of more of less closely related apomorphic species. Therefore it seems unwarranted to recognize Totanus even as a subgenus for the time being.[3]

Species in taxonomic order

These are listed in systematic sequence:

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Tringa
العربية: جهلول
azərbaycanca: İlbizcüllüt
беларуская: Уліты
català: Tringa
Cebuano: Tringa
dansk: Tringa
eesti: Tilder
español: Tringa
Esperanto: Tringo
euskara: Tringa
français: Tringa
Frysk: Tjirken
italiano: Tringa
עברית: ביצנית
Kiswahili: Chamchanga
latviešu: Tilbītes
magyar: Cankók
Nederlands: Tringa
norsk: Tringa
norsk nynorsk: Tringa
Plattdüütsch: Tüters
polski: Tringa
română: Tringa
русский: Улиты
suomi: Viklot
svenska: Tringa
українська: Коловодник
Tiếng Việt: Tringa
Winaray: Tringa
中文: 鹬属