Treaty of Amiens
|Signed||25 March 1802|
|Effective||25 March 1802|
|Expiration||18 May 1803|
The Treaty of Amiens (
Under the treaty, Britain recognised the French Republic. Together with the
Great Britain wanted the peace to rebuild economically especially by restoration of trade with continental Europe. It also wanted to end its isolation from other powers, and achieved that goal by a rapprochement with Russia that provided the momentum to agree to the treaty with France. Amiens also mollified the antiwar Whig opposition in Parliament.
Napoleon used the interlude for major internal reforms such as the promulgation of the new legal system under the Code Napoleon, making peace with the Vatican by the Concordat, and issuing a new constitution that gave him lifetime control. France made territorial gains in Switzerland and Italy. However Napoleon's goal of a North American Empire collapsed with the failure of his army in Haiti, so he gave it up and sold Louisiana to the United States.