Trafalgar Square

Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square, London 2 - Jun 2009.jpg
View of the square in 2009
Trafalgar Square is located in City of Westminster
Trafalgar Square
Location within Central London
Former name(s)Charing Cross
NamesakeBattle of Trafalgar
Maintained byGreater London Authority
LocationCity of Westminster, London, England
Postal codeWC2
Coordinates51°30′29″N 00°07′41″W / 51°30′29″N 00°07′41″W / 51.50806; -0.12806

Trafalgar Square (ər/ FAL-gər) is a public square in the City of Westminster, Central London, built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross. Its name commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar, a British naval victory in the Napoleonic Wars over France and Spain that took place on 21 October 1805 off the coast of Cape Trafalgar.

The site of Trafalgar Square had been a significant landmark since the 13th century and originally contained the King's Mews. After George IV moved the mews to Buckingham Palace, the area was redeveloped by John Nash, but progress was slow after his death, and the square did not open until 1844. The 169-foot (52 m) Nelson's Column at its centre is guarded by four lion statues. A number of commemorative statues and sculptures occupy the square, but the Fourth Plinth, left empty since 1840, has been host to contemporary art since 1999.

The square has been used for community gatherings and political demonstrations, including Bloody Sunday in 1887, the culmination of the first Aldermaston March, anti-war protests, and campaigns against climate change. A Christmas tree has been donated to the square by Norway since 1947 and is erected for twelve days before and after Christmas Day. The square is a centre of annual celebrations on New Year's Eve. It was well known for its feral pigeons until their removals in the early 21st century.

Name

The square is named after the Battle of Trafalgar, a British naval victory in the Napoleonic Wars with France and Spain that took place on 21 October 1805 off the coast of Cape Trafalgar, southwest Spain, although it was not named as such until 1835.[1]

The name "Trafalgar" is a Spanish word of Arabic origin, derived from either Taraf al-Ghar (طرف الغار 'cape of the cave/laurel')[2][3][4] or Taraf al-Gharb (طرف الغرب 'cape of the west').[5][4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Trafalgarplein
asturianu: Trafalgar Square
azərbaycanca: Trafalqar meydanı
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Трафальгарская плошча
brezhoneg: Trafalgar Square
Esperanto: Placo Trafalgar
français: Trafalgar Square
Bahasa Indonesia: Alun-Alun Trafalgar
íslenska: Trafalgar Square
македонски: Плоштад Трафалгар
Bahasa Melayu: Dataran Trafalgar
Nederlands: Trafalgar Square
norsk nynorsk: Trafalgar Square
português: Trafalgar Square
sicilianu: Trafalgar Square
Simple English: Trafalgar Square
slovenčina: Trafalgar Square
slovenščina: Trafalgar Square
српски / srpski: Трафалгар сквер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Trafalgar Square
татарча/tatarça: Трафальгар мәйданы
українська: Трафальгар-сквер