Tom Cruise

Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Cruise in 2013
Thomas Cruise Mapother IV

(1962-07-03) July 3, 1962 (age 56)
ResidenceLos Angeles, California, U.S.
OccupationActor, producer
Years active1981–present
Tom Cruise signature.png

Thomas Cruise[n 1] (born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV; July 3, 1962) is an American actor and producer. He started his career at age 19 in the film Endless Love (1981), before making his breakthrough in the comedy Risky Business (1983) and receiving widespread attention for starring in the action drama Top Gun (1986) as Lieutenant Pete "Maverick" Mitchell. After starring in The Color of Money (1986) and Cocktail (1988), Cruise starred opposite Dustin Hoffman in the Academy Award for Best Picture-winning drama Rain Man. For his role as anti-war activist Ron Kovic in the drama Born on the Fourth of July (1989), Cruise received the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama and his first Academy Award for Best Actor nomination.

In the 1990s, Cruise starred with Jack Nicholson in the legal drama A Few Good Men (1992) and starred in a number of box office hits including The Firm (1993) and Interview with the Vampire (1994), before starring as IMF agent Ethan Hunt in the action spy film Mission: Impossible (1996), the first of a commercially successful six-film series. In 1996, Cruise also starred as the title character in the romantic comedy-drama Jerry Maguire, earning him the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy and his second Academy Award nomination. In 1999, Cruise starred in the erotic thriller Eyes Wide Shut opposite his then wife Nicole Kidman and also appeared in the ensemble drama Magnolia, for which he received the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture and was also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.

After receiving a Saturn Award for Best Actor for his performance in the psychological thriller Vanilla Sky (2001), Cruise collaborated with director Steven Spielberg on the science fiction action films Minority Report (2002) and War of the Worlds (2005). In 2008, he gave a supporting performance in the action comedy Tropic Thunder and starred in the historical thriller Valkyrie as Claus von Stauffenberg. In 2012, Cruise played the eponymous role in the action thriller Jack Reacher. Cruise's films have grossed nearly $4 billion at U.S. and Canadian box offices and more than $10.1 billion worldwide,[1] making him the eighth highest-grossing actor in North America and one of the top-grossing actors worldwide.[2]

Cruise has been married three times, to actresses Mimi Rogers, Nicole Kidman, and Katie Holmes, and has three children, two of which were adopted during his marriage to Kidman and the other a biological daughter with Holmes. Cruise is an outspoken advocate for the Church of Scientology and its associated social programs, and credits it with helping him overcome dyslexia. In the 2000s, he sparked controversy with his Church-affiliated criticisms of psychiatry and anti-depressant drugs (particularly for 9/11 rescue workers), his efforts to promote Scientology as a religion in Europe, and a leaked video interview of him promoting Scientology.

Early life

Cruise was born in Syracuse, New York, the son of Mary Lee (née Pfeiffer), a special education teacher, and Thomas Cruise Mapother III,[3] an electrical engineer, both originally from Louisville, Kentucky.[4][5] He has three sisters: Lee Anne, Marian, and Cass. They are of English, German, and Irish ancestry.[6][7] One of Cruise's paternal great-great-great-grandfathers, Patrick Russell Cruise, was born in north County Dublin in 1799; he married Teresa Johnson in County Meath, in 1825. They left Ireland for the United States that same year and settled in New York.[6] They had a daughter, Mary Paulina Russell Cruise, whose son Thomas Cruise Mapother was Cruise's great-grandfather.[8][9][10][11] A cousin, William Mapother, is also an actor; he and Cruise have appeared in five films together.[12]

Cruise grew up in near poverty, and had a Catholic upbringing. The family was dominated by his abusive father, whom Cruise has described as "a merchant of chaos."[13] Cruise has said that he was beaten by his father, whom he has called a "bully and coward." He stated, "He was the kind of person where, if something goes wrong, they kick you. It was a great lesson in my life—how he'd lull you in, make you feel safe and then, bang! For me, it was like, 'There's something wrong with this guy. Don't trust him. Be careful around him.'"[13]

Cruise spent part of his childhood in Canada. His family moved to Beacon Hill, Ottawa, in late 1971 so that Cruise's father could take a position as a defense consultant with the Canadian Armed Forces.[14] There, Cruise attended the newly opened Robert Hopkins Public School for much of grade four and grade five.[14][15] In grade four, Cruise first became involved in drama, under the tutelage of George Steinburg. Cruise and six other boys put on an improvised play to music called IT at the Carleton Elementary School drama festival.[14] Drama organizer Val Wright, who was in the audience that night, reflected, "The movement and improvisation were excellent. It was a classic ensemble piece."[14] Cruise also enjoyed sports at the school and played floor hockey, though he was known more for his aggression than his talent.[citation needed]

In sixth grade, Cruise went to Henry Munro Middle School in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. However, in the spring of that year, Cruise's mother left his father, taking Cruise and his sisters back to the United States.[14] His father died of cancer in 1984.[16] Cruise briefly attended a Franciscan seminary in Cincinnati, Ohio, on a church scholarship and aspired to become a Catholic priest, before his interest in acting.[17]:24–26 In his senior year, he played football for the varsity team as a linebacker, but he was cut from the squad after getting caught drinking beer before a game.[17]:47 In total, Cruise attended 15 schools in 14 years, including stints in at least two suburban New Jersey towns, including Glen Ridge.[18]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Tom Cruise
العربية: توم كروز
aragonés: Tom Cruise
asturianu: Tom Cruise
azərbaycanca: Tom Kruz
تۆرکجه: تام کروز
বাংলা: টম ক্রুজ
башҡортса: Том Круз
беларуская: Том Круз
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Том Круз
भोजपुरी: टाम क्रूज
Bislama: Tom Cruise
български: Том Круз
bosanski: Tom Cruise
brezhoneg: Tom Cruise
català: Tom Cruise
Чӑвашла: Том Крус
čeština: Tom Cruise
Cymraeg: Tom Cruise
dansk: Tom Cruise
Deutsch: Tom Cruise
डोटेली: टम क्रुज
eesti: Tom Cruise
Ελληνικά: Τομ Κρουζ
español: Tom Cruise
Esperanto: Tom Cruise
euskara: Tom Cruise
فارسی: تام کروز
français: Tom Cruise
Frysk: Tom Cruise
Gaeilge: Tom Cruise
Gaelg: Tom Cruise
galego: Tom Cruise
한국어: 톰 크루즈
հայերեն: Թոմ Քրուզ
हिन्दी: टॉम क्रूज़
hrvatski: Tom Cruise
Bahasa Indonesia: Tom Cruise
interlingua: Tom Cruise
íslenska: Tom Cruise
italiano: Tom Cruise
עברית: טום קרוז
Basa Jawa: Tom Cruise
ქართული: ტომ კრუზი
kaszëbsczi: Tom Cruise
қазақша: Том Круз
Кыргызча: Том Круз
latviešu: Toms Krūzs
Lëtzebuergesch: Tom Cruise
lietuvių: Tom Cruise
magyar: Tom Cruise
македонски: Том Круз
मराठी: टॉम क्रूझ
მარგალური: ტომ კრუზი
مصرى: توم كروز
Bahasa Melayu: Tom Cruise
монгол: Том Круз
Nederlands: Tom Cruise
नेपाली: टम क्रुज
norsk: Tom Cruise
occitan: Tom Cruise
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਟਾੱਮ ਕਰੂਜ਼
پنجابی: ٹام کروز
Piemontèis: Tom Cruise
polski: Tom Cruise
português: Tom Cruise
română: Tom Cruise
русский: Круз, Том
саха тыла: Том Круз
Scots: Tom Cruise
shqip: Tom Cruise
Simple English: Tom Cruise
سنڌي: ٽام ڪروز
slovenčina: Tom Cruise
slovenščina: Tom Cruise
کوردی: تۆم کرووز
српски / srpski: Том Круз
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tom Cruise
Basa Sunda: Tom Cruise
suomi: Tom Cruise
svenska: Tom Cruise
тоҷикӣ: Том Круз
Türkçe: Tom Cruise
українська: Том Круз
اردو: ٹام کروز
Tiếng Việt: Tom Cruise
Winaray: Tom Cruise
ייִדיש: טאם קרוז
Yorùbá: Tom Cruise
粵語: 湯告魯斯