Tom Clancy

Tom Clancy
Clancy at Boston College's Burns Library in November 1989
Clancy at Boston College's Burns Library in November 1989
BornThomas Leo Clancy Jr.
(1947-04-12)April 12, 1947
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
DiedOctober 1, 2013(2013-10-01) (aged 66)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Alma materLoyola College (BA)
  • Wanda Thomas King
    (m. 1969; div. 1999)
  • Alexandra Marie Llewellyn (m. 1999)

Thomas Leo Clancy Jr. (April 12, 1947 – October 1, 2013) was an American novelist best known for his technically detailed espionage and military-science storylines set during and after the Cold War. Seventeen of his novels were bestsellers, and more than 100 million copies of his books were sold.[1] His name was also used on movie scripts written by ghostwriters, nonfiction books on military subjects, and video games. He was a part-owner of the Baltimore Orioles and vice-chairman of their community activities and public affairs committees.

Clancy's literary career began in 1984 when he sold The Hunt for Red October for $5,000.[1][2]His works The Hunt for Red October (1984), Patriot Games (1987), Clear and Present Danger (1989), and The Sum of All Fears (1991) have been turned into commercially successful films. Actors Alec Baldwin, Harrison Ford, Ben Affleck, Chris Pine, and John Krasinski have played Clancy's most famous fictional character, Jack Ryan. Another well-known character of his, John Clark, has been portrayed by actors Willem Dafoe and Liev Schreiber. Tom Clancy's works also inspired games such as the Ghost Recon, Rainbow Six, and Splinter Cell series. Clancy died on October 1, 2013.[3] Since his death, his Jack Ryan series has been continued by his family estate through a series of authors.

Early life and education

Clancy was born on April 12, 1947, at Franklin Square Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland,[4] and grew up in the Northwood neighborhood in northeast Baltimore.[2][4][5] He was the second of three children to Thomas Clancy, who worked for the United States Postal Service, and Catherine Clancy, who worked in a store's credit department.[6][7] His mother worked to send him to the private Roman Catholic secondary school taught by the Jesuit religious order (Society of Jesus), Loyola High School in Towson, Maryland, the suburban county seat of Baltimore County, just north of the city, from which he graduated in 1965.[4][5][6] He then attended the associated Loyola College (now Loyola University Maryland) in Baltimore, graduating in 1969 with a bachelor's degree in English literature.[4][7] While at Loyola University, he was president of the chess club.[6] He joined the Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps; however, he was ineligible to serve due to his myopia (nearsightedness), which required him to wear thick eyeglasses.[1][6] After graduating, he worked for an insurance company in Hartford, Connecticut.[8] In 1973, he joined the O. F. Bowen Agency, a small insurance agency based in Owings, Maryland, founded by his wife's grandfather.[1][6][7][8] In 1980, he purchased the insurance agency from his wife's grandmother and wrote novels in his spare time.[7][9] While working at the insurance agency, he wrote his debut novel, The Hunt for Red October (1984).[1]

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