Tolima Department

Department of Tolima

Departamento del Tolima
Flag of Department of Tolima
Coat of arms of Department of Tolima
Coat of arms
Unidos por la grandeza del Tolima
Anthem: Bunde Tolimense
Tolima shown in red
Tolima shown in red
Topography of the department
Topography of the department
Coordinates: 4°26′N 75°14′W / 4°26′N 75°14′W / 4.433; -75.233 ·

Tolima (Spanish pronunciation: [toˈlima]) is one of the 32 departments of Colombia, located in the Andean region, in the center-west of the country. It is bordered on the north and the west by the department of Caldas; on the east by the department of Cundinamarca; on the south by the department of Huila, and on the west by the departments of Cauca, Valle del Cauca, Quindío and Risaralda. Tolima has a surface area of 23,562 km², and its capital is Ibagué. The department of Tolima was created in 1861 from a part of what was previously Cundinamarca.


Indigenous civilization

The Pijao inhabited the southern parts of Tolima during pre-Columbian times. The name of the department comes from the Pijao word for "snowed". The Panche, of the same linguistic family as the Pijao, populated the northern regions of Tolima, close to the Magdalena Valley. Renowned as fierce warriors, the Panche were widely known for fighting the Muisca over the control of emerald mining territories. They fought against a Spanish-Muisca coalition and were first defeated in the Battle of Tocarema on August 20, 1538.

Spanish colonization

Spanish colonization of the region began in 1537 with Sebastián de Belalcázar travelling from the south of later Colombia, where he had founded Cali and Popayán in 1537. He set north to finally reach the area where Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada had founded Bogotá on August 6, 1538. On its way, De Belalcázar founded the settlement that would become known as Ibagué. De Belalcázar traveled until he reached the settlement of Flandes in Tolima, before heading east towards the Bogotá savanna. Later conquests were executed by captain Andrés Lopez de Galarza, who founded the city of Ibagué and established the municipality of Cajamarca in the west of the department. These two cities would become an important part of the Eje Cafetero ("Coffee Axis").

Other Languages
العربية: إدارة توليما
Bân-lâm-gú: Tolima
български: Толима
brezhoneg: Tolima
català: Tolima
Deutsch: Tolima
español: Tolima
français: Tolima
Gàidhlig: Tolima (Roinn)
galego: Tolima
한국어: 톨리마 주
Bahasa Indonesia: Departemen Tolima
interlingua: Departimento Tolima
עברית: טולימה
Ladino: Tolima
magyar: Tolima megye
Bahasa Melayu: Pentadbiran Tolima
Nederlands: Tolima
日本語: トリマ県
norsk: Tolima
norsk nynorsk: Tolima-departementet
polski: Tolima
português: Tolima
Runa Simi: Tolima suyu
русский: Толима
svenska: Tolima
Tagalog: Tolima
Tiếng Việt: Tolima
žemaitėška: Tuolėmas departaments
中文: 托利马省