Tokyo

Tokyo
東京都
Metropolis and Capital of Japan
Tokyo Metropolis
Clockwise from top: Nishi-Shinjuku business district, Rainbow Bridge, National Diet Building, Shibuya, Tokyo Skytree
Flag of Tokyo
Flag
Official seal of Tokyo
Seal
Official logo of Tokyo
Symbol
Anthem: Tokyo Metropolitan Song (東京都歌, Tōkyō-to Ka)[1]
Location within Japan
Location within Japan
Coordinates: 35°41′N 139°41′E / 35°41′N 139°41′E / 35.683; 139.683
Country Japan
RegionKantō
IslandHonshu
Divisions23 special wards, 26 cities, 1 district, and 4 subprefectures
Government
 • Type Metropolis
 •  GovernorYuriko Koike (TF)
 •  Capital Tokyo[2]
 •  Representatives42
 •  Councillors11
Area
 • Metropolis and Capital of Japan2,187.66 km2 (844.66 sq mi)
 • Metro13,572 km2 (5,240 sq mi)
Area rank45th
Elevation40 m (130 ft)
Population (July 31, 2016)[3]
 • Metropolis and Capital of Japan38,140,000
 • Density6,224.66/km2 (16,121.8/sq mi)
 • Metro38,140,000
 • Metro density2,662/km2 (6,890/sq mi)
 • 23 Wards8,967,665
 (2015 per prefectural government)
Demonym(s)江戸っ子 (Edokko), 東京人 (Tōkyō-jin), 東京っ子 (Tōkyōkko), Tokyoite
GDP (Nominal; 2015)[4][5][6]
 • TotalUS$869 billion
 • Per capitaUS$64,269
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
ISO 3166-2JP-13
FlowerSomei-Yoshino cherry blossom
TreeGinkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba)
BirdBlack-headed gull (Larus ridibundus)
Websitewww.metro.tokyo.jp/english/
Tokyo
Tokyo (Chinese characters).svg
"Tokyo" in kanji
Japanese name
Kanji東京
Hiraganaとうきょう
Katakanaトウキョウ
Kyūjitai東亰

Tokyo (東京, Tōkyō, /;[7] Japanese: [toːkʲoː] (About this sound listen)), officially Tokyo Metropolis (東京都, Tōkyō-to), one of the 47 prefectures of Japan, has served as the Japanese capital since 1869.[8][9] As of 2014 the Greater Tokyo Area ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world.[10] The urban area houses the seat of the Emperor of Japan, of the Japanese government and of the National Diet. Tokyo forms part of the Kantō region on the southeastern side of Japan's main island, Honshu, and includes the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Islands.[11] Tokyo was formerly named Edo when Shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu made the city as his headquarters in 1603. It became the capital after Emperor Meiji moved his seat to the city from Kyoto in 1868; at that time Edo was renamed Tokyo. Tokyo Metropolis formed in 1943 from the merger of the former Tokyo Prefecture (東京府, Tōkyō-fu) and the city of Tokyo (東京市, Tōkyō-shi).

Tokyo has 39 million residents, 50% more people than any other urban area, with a $2.5 trillion economy - larger than that of any other city; if it were a country, Tokyo would have the 8th-largest economy in the world. Tokyo is often referred to as a city but is officially known and governed as a "metropolitan prefecture", which differs from and combines elements of a city and a prefecture, a characteristic unique to Tokyo. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government administers the 23 Special Wards of Tokyo (each governed as an individual city), which cover the area that comprised the city of Tokyo before it merged and became the metropolitan prefecture in 1943, the 30 municipalities in the western part of the prefecture, and the two outlying island chains. The population of the special wards is over 9 million people, with the total population of the prefecture exceeding 13 million. The prefecture is part of the world's most populous metropolitan area with upwards of 37.8  million people and the world's largest urban agglomeration economy. As of 2011 Tokyo hosted 51 of the Fortune Global 500 companies, the highest number of any city in the world at that time.[12] Tokyo ranked third (twice) in the International Financial Centres Development Index.[citation needed] The city is home to various television networks such as Fuji TV, Tokyo MX, TV Tokyo, TV Asahi, Nippon Television, NHK and the Tokyo Broadcasting System.

Tokyo ranks first in the Global Economic Power Index and third in the Global Cities Index. The GaWC's 2008 inventory classified Tokyo as an alpha+ world city[13] – and as of 2014 TripAdvisor's World City Survey ranked Tokyo first in its "Best overall experience" category (the city also ranked first in the following categories: "helpfulness of locals", "nightlife", "shopping", "local public transportation" and "cleanliness of streets").[14] As of 2015 Tokyo ranked as the 11th-most expensive city for expatriates, according to the Mercer consulting firm,[15] and also the world's 11th-most expensive city according to the Economist Intelligence Unit's cost-of-living survey.[16] In 2015, Tokyo was named the Most Liveable City in the world by the magazine Monocle.[17] The Michelin Guide has awarded Tokyo by far the most Michelin stars of any city in the world.[18][19] Tokyo was ranked first out of all sixty cities in the 2017 Safe Cities Index.[20] The QS Best Student Cities ranked Tokyo as the 3rd-best city in the world to be a university student in 2016[21] and 2nd in 2018.[22]Tokyo hosted the 1964 Summer Olympics, the 1979 G-7 summit, the 1986 G-7 summit, and the 1993 G-7 summit, and will host the 2019 Rugby World Cup, the 2020 Summer Olympics and the 2020 Summer Paralympics.

Etymology

Tokyo was originally known as Edo (江戸), which means "estuary".[23] Its name was changed to Tokyo (東京, Tōkyō, "east", and kyō "capital") when it became the imperial capital with the arrival of Emperor Meiji in 1868,[24] in line with the East Asian tradition of including the word capital () in the name of the capital city (like Kyoto (京都), Beijing (北京) and Nanjing (南京)).[23] During the early Meiji period, the city was also called "Tōkei", an alternative pronunciation for the same characters representing "Tokyo", making it a kanji homograph. Some surviving official English documents use the spelling "Tokei";[25] however, this pronunciation is now obsolete.[26]

The name Tokyo was first suggested in 1813 in the book Kondō Hisaku (ja) (Secret Plan of Commingling), written by Satō Nobuhiro.[citation needed] When Ōkubo Toshimichi proposed the renaming to the government during the Meiji Restoration, according to Oda Kanshi (織田完之),[vague] he got the idea from that book.

Other Languages
Acèh: Tokyô
адыгабзэ: Токио
Afrikaans: Tokio
Alemannisch: Tokio
አማርኛ: ቶክዮ
العربية: طوكيو
aragonés: Tokio
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܛܘܩܝܘ
armãneashti: Tokyo
অসমীয়া: টকিঅ'
asturianu: Tokiu
Avañe'ẽ: Tókio
Aymar aru: Tokyo
azərbaycanca: Tokio
تۆرکجه: توکیو
bamanankan: Tokyo
বাংলা: টোকিও
Bahasa Banjar: Tokyo
Bân-lâm-gú: Tang-kiaⁿ-to͘
башҡортса: Токио
беларуская: Токіа
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Токіё
भोजपुरी: टोकियो
Bikol Central: Tokyo
Bislama: Tokyo
български: Токио
Boarisch: Prefektua Tokio
བོད་ཡིག: ཐོ་ཁེ་ཡོ།
bosanski: Tokio
brezhoneg: Tokyo
буряад: Токёо
català: Tòquio
Чӑвашла: Токио
Cebuano: Tokyo
čeština: Prefektura Tokio
Chamoru: Tokyo
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Tokio
Chi-Chewa: Tokyo
chiShona: Tokyo
chiTumbuka: Tokyo
Cymraeg: Tokyo
dansk: Tokyo
davvisámegiella: Tokio
dolnoserbski: Tokio
ཇོང་ཁ: ཊོ་ཀི་ཡ
Ελληνικά: Τόκιο
эрзянь: Токио ош
español: Tokio
Esperanto: Tokio
estremeñu: Tóquiu
euskara: Tokio
eʋegbe: Tokyo
فارسی: توکیو
Fiji Hindi: Tokyo
føroyskt: Tokyo
français: Tokyo
Frysk: Tokio
Gaeilge: Tōkyō
Gàidhlig: Tokyo
galego: Toquio
贛語: 東京
Gĩkũyũ: Tokyo
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍄𐌰𐌿𐌺𐌹𐌰𐌿
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Tûng-kîn-tû
한국어: 도쿄도
Hausa: Tokyo
հայերեն: Տոկիո
हिन्दी: टोक्यो
hornjoserbsce: Tokio
hrvatski: Tokio
Ido: Tokyo
Ilokano: Tokyo
Bahasa Indonesia: Tokyo
interlingua: Tokyo
Interlingue: Tōkyō
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᑑᑭᐅ
Iñupiak: Tokyo
Ирон: Токио
isiZulu: ITokyo
íslenska: Tókýó
italiano: Tokyo
עברית: טוקיו
Basa Jawa: Tokyo
kalaallisut: Tokyo
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಟೋಕ್ಯೊ
ქართული: ტოკიო
қазақша: Токио
kernowek: Tokyo
Kinyarwanda: Tokyo
Kiswahili: Tokyo
Kreyòl ayisyen: Tokyo
kurdî: Tokyo
Кыргызча: Токио
кырык мары: Токио
Ladino: Tokio
лезги: Токио
ລາວ: ໂຕກຽວ
لۊری شومالی: توکیو
Latina: Tokium
latviešu: Tokija
Lëtzebuergesch: Prefektur Tokio
lietuvių: Tokijas
Ligure: Tòkyo
Limburgs: Tokio
lingála: Tokyo
Livvinkarjala: Tokio
la .lojban.: tokios
Luganda: Tokyo
lumbaart: Tokyo
magyar: Tokió
मैथिली: टोक्यो
македонски: Токио
Malagasy: Tokyo
മലയാളം: ടോക്കിയോ
Malti: Tokjo
Māori: Tokyo
मराठी: तोक्यो
მარგალური: ტოკიო
مصرى: طوكيو
مازِرونی: توکيو
Bahasa Melayu: Tokyo
Baso Minangkabau: Tokyo
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dŭng-gĭng
Mirandés: Tóquio
мокшень: Токио
монгол: Токио
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တိုကျိုမြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Tokyo
Nederlands: Tokio
Nedersaksies: Tokio
Nēhiyawēwin / ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ: ᑐᑭᔪ
नेपाली: टोक्यो
नेपाल भाषा: तोक्यो
日本語: 東京都
Napulitano: Tokyo
нохчийн: Токио
Norfuk / Pitkern: Tokyo
norsk: Tokyo
norsk nynorsk: Tokyo
Novial: Tokyo
occitan: Tòquio
олык марий: Токио
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଟୋକିଓ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tokio
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਟੋਕੀਓ
Pälzisch: Tokio
پنجابی: ٹوکیو
Papiamentu: Tokyo
پښتو: توکيو
Patois: Tuokio
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ទីក្រុងតូខ្យូ
Piemontèis: Tokyo
Tok Pisin: Tokyo
Plattdüütsch: Tokio
polski: Tokio
Ποντιακά: Τόκιο
português: Tóquio
Qaraqalpaqsha: Tokiyo
qırımtatarca: Tokyo
reo tahiti: Tokyo
română: Tōkyō
rumantsch: Tokio
Runa Simi: Tokyo
русиньскый: Токіо
русский: Токио
саха тыла: Токио
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱴᱚᱠᱭᱚ
संस्कृतम्: टोक्यो
sardu: Tokio
Scots: Tokyo
Seeltersk: Tokio
Setswana: Tokyo
shqip: Tokjo
sicilianu: Tochiu
සිංහල: ටෝකියෝ
Simple English: Tokyo Metropolis
slovenčina: Tokio
slovenščina: Tokio
ślůnski: Tokjo
Soomaaliga: Tokyo
کوردی: تۆکیۆ
српски / srpski: Токио
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tokio
Basa Sunda: Tokyo
suomi: Tokio
Tagalog: Tokyo
தமிழ்: தோக்கியோ
Taqbaylit: Tokyo
tarandíne: Tokyo
татарча/tatarça: Токио
తెలుగు: టోక్యో
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏙᎩᏲ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Tokyo
ತುಳು: ಟೋಕಿಯೋ
Türkçe: Tokyo
Türkmençe: Tokio
Twi: Tokyo
удмурт: Токио
українська: Токіо
اردو: توکیو
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: توكيو
Vahcuengh: Dunghgingh
vèneto: Tokyo
vepsän kel’: Tokio
Tiếng Việt: Tokyo
Volapük: Tokyo
Võro: Tokio
文言: 東京都
Winaray: Tokyo
Wolof: Tokyo
吴语: 东京都
ייִדיש: טאקיא
Yorùbá: Tokyo
粵語: 東京都
Zazaki: Tokyo
žemaitėška: Tokėjės
中文: 東京都
डोटेली: टोकियो
ГӀалгӀай: Токио
Kabɩyɛ: Tokiyo