Tokelau

Tokelau
Motto: "Tokelau mo te Atua" (Tokelauan)
"Tokelau for the Almighty"
Territorial anthem:
Te Atua o Tokelau[1]
Location of Tokelau
StatusDependent territory of New Zealand
CapitalUndetermined[a]
Largest cityAtafu[b]
Official languages
DemonymTokelauan
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Ross Ardern
Afega Gaualofa[2]
New Zealand territory
1948
Area
• Total
10 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• October 2016 census
1,499[b] (237th)
• Density
115/km2 (297.8/sq mi) (86th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
US$10 million [3]
• Per capita
US$6,275 (not ranked)
CurrencyNew Zealand dollar (NZD)
Time zoneUTC+13[4]
Drives on theleft
Calling code+690
ISO 3166 codeTK
Internet TLD.tk
  1. ^ Each atoll has its own administrative centre.
  2. ^ Final population counts: 2016 Tokelau Census, Statistics New Zealand. The Census population figure of 1,499 includes 302 usual residents of Tokelau who were absent on census night.
Some data from the World Factbook (2004).
Map of all Tokelau Islands. Swains Island is shown to the south.
Atafu atoll
Nukunonu atoll
Fakaofo atoll
Fakaofo islanders, drawn in 1841 by the United States Exploring Expedition.

Tokelau (previously known as the Union Islands, and officially as Tokelau Islands until 1976;[6] English: /; lit. "north-northeast"[7]) is a dependent territory of New Zealand in the southern Pacific Ocean. It consists of three tropical coral atolls (Atafu, Nukunonu and Fakaofo), with a combined land area of 10 km2 (4 sq mi). The capital rotates yearly between the three atolls.[8] Tokelau lies north of the Samoan Islands, east of Tuvalu, south of the Phoenix Islands, southwest of the more distant Line Islands, and northwest of the Cook Islands. Swains Island is geographically part of Tokelau, but is subject to an ongoing territorial dispute and is currently administered by the United States as part of American Samoa.

Tokelau has a population of approximately 1,500 people, the fourth-smallest population of any sovereign state or dependency. As of the 2016 census, around 45% of residents were born overseas, mostly in Samoa and New Zealand.[9] The country has a life expectancy of 69, comparable with other Oceanian island nations. Approximately 94% of the population speak Tokelauan as a first language. The country has the smallest economy in the world, although it is a leader in renewable energy, being the first 100% solar powered nation in the world.[10]

Tokelau is officially referred to as a nation by both the New Zealand government and the Tokelauan government.[10][11][12] It is a free and democratic nation with elections every three years. However, in 2007 the United Nations General Assembly included Tokelau on its list of non-self-governing territories.[13] Its inclusion on the list is controversial, as Tokelauans have twice voted against further self-determination and the islands' small population reduces the viability of self-government. The basis of Tokelau's legislative, administrative and judicial systems is the Tokelau Islands Act 1948, which has been amended on a number of occasions. Since 1993, the territory has annually elected its own head of government, the Ulu-o-Tokelau. Previously the Administrator of Tokelau was the highest official in the government and the territory was administered directly by a New Zealand government department.

Etymology

The name Tokelau is a Polynesian word meaning "north wind". The islands were named the Union Islands and Union Group by European explorers at an unknown time.[14] Tokelau Islands was adopted as the name in 1946, and was contracted to Tokelau on 9 December 1976.

Other Languages
Acèh: Tokelau
Afrikaans: Tokelau
አማርኛ: ቶከላው
العربية: توكيلاو
aragonés: Tokelau
arpetan: Tokelaou
asturianu: Tokeláu
azərbaycanca: Tokelau
تۆرکجه: توکلائو
বাংলা: টোকেলাউ
Bân-lâm-gú: Tokelau
башҡортса: Токелау
беларуская: Такелау
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Такелаў
български: Токелау
bosanski: Tokelau
brezhoneg: Tokelau
català: Tokelau
čeština: Tokelau
chiShona: Tokelau
Cymraeg: Tocelaw
dansk: Tokelau
Deutsch: Tokelau
ދިވެހިބަސް: ތޮކެލާއު
eesti: Tokelau
Ελληνικά: Τοκελάου
español: Tokelau
Esperanto: Tokelao
euskara: Tokelau
فارسی: توکلائو
Fiji Hindi: Tokelau
føroyskt: Tokelau
français: Tokelau
Gaelg: Tokelau
Gagauz: Tokelau
galego: Tokelau
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Tokelau
한국어: 토켈라우
հայերեն: Տոկելաու
hrvatski: Tokelau
Ido: Tokelau
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: টোকেলু
Bahasa Indonesia: Tokelau
íslenska: Tókelá
italiano: Tokelau
עברית: טוקלאו
ქართული: ტოკელაუ
қазақша: Токелау
kernowek: Tokelau
Kinyarwanda: Tokelawu
Kiswahili: Tokelau
Latina: Tokelau
latviešu: Tokelau
lietuvių: Tokelau
Ligure: Tokelau
Limburgs: Tokelau
македонски: Токелау
मराठी: टोकेलाउ
مازِرونی: توکلائو
Bahasa Melayu: Tokelau
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Tokelau
Nederlands: Tokelau
日本語: トケラウ
norsk: Tokelau
norsk nynorsk: Tokelau
occitan: Tokelau
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଟୋକେଲାଉ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਤੋਕਲੌ
پنجابی: ٹوکیلاؤ
polski: Tokelau
português: Tokelau
Qaraqalpaqsha: Tokelau
română: Tokelau
русский: Токелау
Gagana Samoa: To'elau
Scots: Tokelau
shqip: Tokelau
sicilianu: Tokelau
Simple English: Tokelau
slovenčina: Tokelau
slovenščina: Tokelav
српски / srpski: Токелау
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tokelau
Basa Sunda: Tokélau
suomi: Tokelau
svenska: Tokelau
Tagalog: Tokelau
Türkçe: Tokelau
українська: Токелау
اردو: ٹوکیلاؤ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: توكېلاۋ تاقىم ئاراللىرى
Tiếng Việt: Tokelau
Võro: Tokelau
Winaray: Tokelau
Wolof: Tokelau
Yorùbá: Tokelau
粵語: 托克勞
Zazaki: Tokelau
中文: 托克劳
Lingua Franca Nova: Tocelau