Ticino

Italian: Repubblica e Cantone Ticino
German: Republik und Kanton Tessin
French: République et Canton du Tessin
Romansh: Republica e Chantun dal Tessin
Canton of Switzerland
Coat of arms of Italian: Repubblica e Cantone TicinoGerman: Republik und Kanton TessinFrench: République et Canton du TessinRomansh: Republica e Chantun dal Tessin
Coat of arms
Map of Switzerland, location of Ticino highlighted
Location in Switzerland
Coordinates: 46°19′N 8°49′E / 46°19′N 8°49′E / 46.317; 8.817
Capital Bellinzona
Largest City Lugano
Subdivisions 115 municipalities, 8 districts
Government
 •  Executive Council of State (5)
 •  Legislative Grand Council (90)
Area [1]
 • Total 2,812.21 km2 (1,085.80 sq mi)
Population (12/2016) [2]
 • Total 354,375
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CH-TI
Highest point 3,402 m (11,161 ft): Adula (Rheinwaldhorn)
Lowest point 195 m (640 ft): Lake Maggiore
Joined 1803
Languages Italian
Website TI.ch

Ticino /, formally the Republic and Canton of Ticino ( Italian: Canton Ticino [kanˈton tiˈtʃiːno]; German: Tessin [tɛˈsiːn]; French: Tessin [tɛsɛ̃], Romansh: Chantun Tessin [tɕanˈtun teˈsin]; see also in other languages) is the southernmost canton of Switzerland. Ticino borders the Canton of Uri to the north, Valais to the west (through the Novena Pass), Graubünden to the northeast, Italy's regions of Piedmont and Lombardy to the south and it surrounds the small Italian enclave of Campione d'Italia.

Named after the Ticino river, it is the only canton where Italian is the sole official language and represents the bulk of the Italian-speaking area of Switzerland along with the southern parts of Graubünden.

The land now occupied by the canton was annexed from Italian cities in the 15th century by various Swiss forces in the last transalpine campaigns of the Old Swiss Confederacy. In the Helvetic Republic, established 1798, it was divided between the two new cantons of Bellinzona and Lugano. The creation of the Swiss Confederation in 1803 saw these two cantons combine to form the modern canton of Ticino.

Etymology

The name Ticino was chosen for the newly established canton in 1803, after the Ticino river which flows through it from the Novena Pass to Lake Maggiore. [3]

Known as Ticinus in Roman times, the river appears on the Tabula Peutingeriana as Ticenum. Johann Kaspar Zeuss attributed Celtic origins to the name, tracing it to the Celtic tek, itself from an Indo-European root tak, meaning "melting, flowing". [4]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Kanton Tessin
arpetan: Tessin
azərbaycanca: Tiçino
Bân-lâm-gú: Ticino Chiu
беларуская: Тычына (кантон)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тычына
български: Тичино (кантон)
bosanski: Ticino
brezhoneg: Kanton Ticino
Чӑвашла: Тичино
čeština: Ticino (kanton)
Cymraeg: Ticino
dansk: Ticino
davvisámegiella: Ticino (kantona)
Deutsch: Kanton Tessin
Esperanto: Kantono Tiĉino
euskara: Ticino
français: Canton du Tessin
Gàidhlig: Ticino (Cantone)
galego: Tesino
한국어: 티치노 주
Հայերեն: Տիչինո
hrvatski: Ticino
Ilokano: Ticino
Bahasa Indonesia: Kanton Ticino
Interlingue: Canton de Ticino
Ирон: Тичино
íslenska: Ticino
italiano: Canton Ticino
Basa Jawa: Kanton Ticino
қазақша: Тичино
Kiswahili: Ticino
latviešu: Tičīno kantons
lietuvių: Tičinas
Limburgs: Ticino (kanton)
lumbaart: Canton Tesin
македонски: Тичино
മലയാളം: ടിച്ചീനോ
मराठी: तिचिनो
Bahasa Melayu: Ticino
Nederlands: Ticino (kanton)
Napulitano: Cantone Ticino
Nordfriisk: Tessin
norsk: Ticino
norsk nynorsk: Ticino
پنجابی: ٹیسینو
polski: Ticino
português: Ticino
română: Cantonul Ticino
rumantsch: Chantun Tessin
русский: Тичино
Scots: Ticino
sicilianu: Ticinu (cantuni)
Simple English: Ticino
slovenčina: Ticino (kantón)
српски / srpski: Кантон Тичино
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ticino
suomi: Ticino
svenska: Ticino
Türkçe: Ticino
українська: Тічино
اردو: تیچینو
vèneto: Canton Tisin
Tiếng Việt: Ticino
Winaray: Ticino
中文: 提契諾州