A thurible (via
Beyond its ecclesiastical use, the thurible is also employed in various other spiritual or ceremonial traditions, including some
The workings of a thurible are quite simple. Each thurible consists of a censer section, chains (typically three or four, although single-chain thuribles also exist), a metal ring around the chains (used to lock the lid of the censer section in place), and usually (although not always) a removable metal
The word "thurible" comes from the
Due to the ceremonial use of incense, its cultural importance in western Catholicism can be seen e.g. in the introduction of a incense smelling fragrance "Avignon" in 2002.
 Avignon was created for
The number of swings of the thurible to be used when incensing persons or objects is specified in the
The responsibilities of a thurifer include:
Another server, previously called a boat boy and now more commonly a boat bearer,  may carry a boat or container of incense to add as the thurible burns low.
These rules, except for the manner of incensing the offerings at Mass, applied also before 1969. Earlier editions of the Roman Missal prescribe that the offerings be incensed by forming over them with the thurible first three crosses and then three circles, the first two anticlockwise and last clockwise, while also saying a prescribed prayer.  They also direct that incensing of the altar be done with single swings at 29 designated points of an altar attached to the rear wall of the sanctuary, and at 22 points of a freestanding altar. 
Pre-1969 editions of the Roman Missal did not allow the use of incense at