Thrash metal

Thrash metal (or simply thrash) is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music characterized by its overall aggression and often fast tempo. The songs usually use fast percussive beats and low-register guitar riffs, overlaid with shredding-style lead guitar work. The lyrical subject matter often deals with criticisms of The Establishment and concern over the destruction of the environment, and at times shares a disdain for Christian dogma resembling that of their black metal counterparts. The language is typically quite direct and denunciatory, an approach borrowed from hardcore punk.

The genre emerged in the early 1980s as musicians began fusing the double bass drumming and complex guitar stylings of the new wave of British heavy metal (NWOBHM) with the speed and aggression of hardcore punk.[3] Philosophically, thrash metal developed as a backlash against both the Conservatism of the Reagan era and the much more moderate, pop-influenced and widely accessible heavy metal sub-genre of glam metal which also developed concurrently in the 1980s.[4] Thrash metal was an inspiration for subsequent extreme genres such as death metal and black metal.


Kirk Hammett and James Hetfield of Metallica (pictured in 2008). Metallica's early work is regarded as essential to the development of the genre in the 1980s.

Thrash metal generally features fast tempos, low-register, complex guitar riffs, high-register guitar solos and double bass drumming.[5] The rhythm guitar parts are played with heavy distortion and often palm muted to create a tighter and more precise sound.[6] Vocally, thrash metal can employ anything from melodic singing to shouted vocals. Most guitar solos are played at high speed and technically demanding, as they are usually characterized by shredding, and use advanced techniques such as sweep picking, legato phrasing, alternate picking, tremolo picking, string skipping, and two-hand tapping.

New York band Anthrax were among the earliest and most successful thrash acts

The guitar riffs often use chromatic scales and emphasize the tritone and diminished intervals, instead of using conventional single scale based riffing. For example, the intro riff of Metallica's "Master of Puppets" (the title track of the namesake album) is a chromatic descent, followed by a chromatic ascent based on the tritone.

Speed, pacing and time-changes also define thrash metal. Thrash tends to have an accelerating feel which may be due in large part to its aggressive drumming style. For example, drummers often use two bass drums, or a double-bass pedal, in order to create a relentless, driving beat. Cymbal stops/chokes are often used to transition from one riff to another or to precede an acceleration in tempo. Some common characteristics of the genre are fast guitar riffs with aggressive picking styles and fast guitar solos, and extensive use of two bass drums as opposed to the conventional use of only one, typical of most rock music.

To keep up with the other instruments, many bassists use a plectrum. However, some prominent thrash metal bassists have used their fingers, such as Frank Bello, Greg Christian, Steve DiGiorgio, Robert Trujillo and Cliff Burton. Several bassists use a distorted bass tone, an approach popularized by Burton and Motörhead's Lemmy. Lyrical themes in thrash metal include warfare, corruption, injustice, murder, suicide, isolation, alienation, addiction, and other maladies that afflict the individual and society. In addition, politics, particularly pessimism and dissatisfaction towards politics, are common themes among thrash metal bands. Humor and irony can occasionally be found (Anthrax for example), but they are limited, and are exception rather than a rule.[7][8]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Thrash Metal
Ænglisc: Þresc stīele
العربية: ثراش ميتال
asturianu: Thrash metal
azərbaycanca: Treş metal
беларуская: Трэш-метал
български: Траш метъл
Boarisch: Thrash Metal
bosanski: Thrash metal
català: Thrash metal
čeština: Thrash metal
Deutsch: Thrash Metal
Ελληνικά: Thrash metal
español: Thrash metal
Esperanto: Draŝa metalroko
euskara: Thrash metal
فارسی: ترش متال
français: Thrash metal
galego: Thrash metal
한국어: 스래시 메탈
hrvatski: Thrash metal
Bahasa Indonesia: Thrash metal
íslenska: Þrass
italiano: Thrash metal
עברית: ת'ראש מטאל
ქართული: თრეშ მეტალი
latviešu: Trešmetāls
lietuvių: Thrash metalas
magyar: Thrash metal
македонски: Треш метал
მარგალური: თრეშ მეტალი
Bahasa Melayu: Thrash metal
မြန်မာဘာသာ: Thrash metal
Nederlands: Thrashmetal
norsk nynorsk: Thrash metal
occitan: Thrash metal
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Thrash metal
polski: Thrash metal
português: Thrash metal
română: Thrash metal
русский: Трэш-метал
Simple English: Thrash metal
slovenčina: Thrash metal
slovenščina: Thrash metal
ślůnski: Traszmetal
српски / srpski: Треш метал
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Thrash metal
svenska: Thrash metal
Tagalog: Thrash metal
татарча/tatarça: Треш-метал
Türkçe: Thrash metal
українська: Треш-метал
Tiếng Việt: Thrash metal
中文: 敲击金属